Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Beneficial effects of oats in the gluten-free diet of adults with special reference to nutrient status, symptoms and subjective experiences

  • Stine Størsrud (a1), Lena R. Hulthén (a1) and Ragnhild A. Lenner (a1)
Abstract

In several studies oats have been reported to be tolerated by coeliac patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the nutritional and symptomatic effects of including oats in the gluten-free diet, as well as the patients' subjective experiences. Twenty adult coeliac patients included large amounts of oats in their diet. Food intake, gastrointestinal symptoms, blood samples and body weight were examined and compared with examination at baseline. Diet compliance was checked monthly. The results are based on fifteen patients eating oats for 2 years plus three with only 6-months consumption. The median daily intake of oats was 93 (range 27–137) g/d, and the compliance was good. The mean intakes of Fe and dietary fibre increased (P<0·001) with the oat diet, as well as the intakes of thiamin and Zn (P<0·02). The bioavailability of Fe tended to decrease; this seems not to have influenced the Fe status. Temporary increased flatulence was experienced the first few weeks, as well as improved bowel function with oats in the diet. All patients who carried out the whole study period wanted to continue eating oats after the study, as they found that addition of oats in the gluten-free diet gave more variation, better taste and satiety. Oats improved the nutritional value of the gluten-free diet, had no negative effects on nutritional status and were appreciated by the subjects. Including oats can help coeliac patients following a strict gluten-free diet.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Beneficial effects of oats in the gluten-free diet of adults with special reference to nutrient status, symptoms and subjective experiences
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Beneficial effects of oats in the gluten-free diet of adults with special reference to nutrient status, symptoms and subjective experiences
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Beneficial effects of oats in the gluten-free diet of adults with special reference to nutrient status, symptoms and subjective experiences
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr Stine Størsrud, fax +46 31 82 94 75, email stine.storsrud@nutrition.gu.se
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

W Frölich & M Nyman (1988) Minerals, phytate and dietary fibre in different fractions of oat grain. J Cereal Sci 7, 7382.

CM Hardman , JJ Garioch & JN Leonard (1997) Absence of toxicity of oats in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis. New Eng J Med 337, 18841887.

E Hoffenberg , J Haas & A Drescher (2000) A trial of oats in children with newly diagnosed coeliac disease. J Pediatr 137, 361366.

EK Janatuinen , TA Kemppainen & RJ Julkunen (2002) No harm from five year ingestion of oats in coeliac disease. Gut 50, 332335.

EK Janatuinen , TA Kemppainen & PH Pikkarainen (2000) Lack of cellular and humoral immunological responses to oats in adults with coeliac disease. Gut 46, 327331.

EK Janatuinen , PH Pikkarainen & TA Kemppainen (1995) A comparison of diets with and without oats in adults with coeliac disease. New Eng J Med 333, 10331037.

C Kilmartin , S Lynch , M Abuzakouk , H Wieser & C Feighery (2003) Avenin fails to induce a Th1 response in coeliac tissue following in vitro culture. Gut 52, 4752.

P Koivistonen , H Nissinen , P Varo & A Ahlström (1974) Mineral element composition of cereal flours and flakes. Acta Agric Scand 24, 323326.

PJ Kumar , J Walker-Smith , P Milla , G Harris , J Colyer & R Halliday (1988) The teenage coeliac: follow up study of 102 patients. Arch Dis Child 63, 916920.

M Mayer , L Greco , R Troncone , S Auricchio & MN Marsh (1991) Compliance of adolescents with coeliac disease with a gluten free diet. Gut 32, 881885.

M Mäki & P Collin (1997) Coeliac disease. Lancet 349, 17551759.

N Parnell & P Ciclitira (1999) Coeliac disease. Curr Opin Gastroenterol 15, 120124.

T Reunala , P Collin & K Holm (1998) Tolerance to oats in dermatitis herpetiformis. Gut 43, 490493.

U Srinivasan , N Leonard & E Jones (1996) Absence of oats toxicity in adult coeliac disease. Br Med J 313, 13001301.

S Størsrud , M Olsson & RA Lenner (2003) Eur J Clin Nutr. 57, 163169.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: