This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
SA Bingham (1991) Limitations of the various methods for collecting dietary intake data. Ann Nutr Metab 35, 117–127.
A Chisholm , J Mann , M Skeaff , C Frampton , W Sutherland , A Duncan & S Tiszavari (1998) A diet rich in walnuts favourably influences plasma fatty acid profile in moderately hyperlipidaemic subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr 52, 12–16.
ML Dansinger & EJ Schaefer (2006) Low-carbohydrate or low-fat diets for the metabolic syndrome? Curr Diabet Rep 6, 55–63.
ML Dreher , CV Maher & P Kearney (1996) The traditional and emerging role of nuts in healthful diets. Nutr Rev 54, 241–245.
K Esposito , R Marfella , M Ciotola , (2004) Effect of a mediterranean-style diet on endothelial dysfunction and markers of vascular inflammation in the metabolic syndrome: a randomized trial. JAMA 292, 1440–1446.
LA Ferrara , AS Raimondi , L D'Episcopo , L Guida , RA Dello & T Marotta (2000) Olive oil and reduced need for antihypertensive medications. Arch Intern Med 160, 837–842.
ES Ford (2004) Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in US populations. Endocrinol Metab Clin N Am 33, 333–350.
ES Ford , WH Giles & WH Dietz (2002) Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. JAMA 287, 356–359.
RD Freire , MA Cardoso , SGA Gimeno & SRG Ferreira (2005) Dietary fat is associated with metabolic syndrome in Japanese Brazilians. Diabetes Care 28, 1779–1785.
K Fujioka , F Greenway , J Sheard & Y Ying (2006) The effects of grapefruit on weight and insulin resistance: relationship to the metabolic syndrome. J Med Food 9, 49–54.
R Giacco , M Parillo , AA Rivellese , (2000) Long-term dietary treatment with increased amounts of fiber-rich low-glycemic index natural foods improves blood glucose control and reduces the number of hypoglycemic events in type 1 diabetic patients. Diabetes Care 23, 1461–1466.
K He , K Liu , ML Daviglus , SJ Morris , CM Loria , L Van Horn , DR Jacobs Jr & PJ Savage (2006) Magnesium intake and incidence of metabolic syndrome among young adults. Circulation 113, 1675–1682.
K Hermansen (2000) Diet, blood pressure and hypertension. Br J Nutr 83 (Suppl. 1), S113–S119.
M Iwamoto , K Imaizumi , M Sato , (2002) Serum lipid profiles in Japanese women and men during consumption of walnuts. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 629–637.
DJ Jenkins , CW Kendall , A Marchie , (2002) Dose response of almonds on coronary heart disease risk factors: blood lipids, oxidized low-density lipoproteins, lipoprotein(a), homocysteine, and pulmonary nitric oxide: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial. Circulation 106, 1327–1332.
ND Luscombe , M Noakes & PM Clifton (1999) Diets high and low in glycemic index versus high monounsaturated fat diets: effects on glucose and lipid metabolism in NIDDM. Eur J Clin Nutr 53, 473–478.
NM McKeown , JB Meigs , S Liu , E Saltzman , PW Wilson & PF Jacques (2004) Carbohydrate nutrition, insulin resistance, and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the Framingham Offspring Cohort. Diabetes Care 27, 538–546.
RP Mensink & MB Katan (1992) Effect of dietary fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoproteins. A meta-analysis of 27 trials. Arterioscler Thromb 12, 911–919.
A Michalsen , N Lehmann , C Pithan , NTM Knoblauch , S Moebus , F Kannenberg , L Binder , T Budde & GJ Dobos (2006) Mediterranean diet has no effect on markers of inflammation and metabolic risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 478–485.
JM Morgan , K Horton , D Reese , C Carey , K Walker & DM Capuzzi (2002) Effects of walnut consumption as part of a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet on serum cardiovascular risk factors. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 72, 341–347.
KG Moruisi , W Oosthuizen & AM Opperman (2006) Phytosterols/stanols lower cholesterol concentrations in familial hypercholesterolemic subjects: a systematic review with meta-analysis. J Am Coll Nutr 25, 41–48.
F Muzio , L Mondazzi , D Sommariva & A Brachi (2005) Long-term effects of low-calorie diet on the metabolic syndrome in obese nondiabetic patients. Diabetes Care 28, 1485–1486.
National Cholesterol Education Program (2001) Executive summary of the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA 285, 2486–2497.
M Pieters , W Oosthuizen , JC Jerling , DT Loots , J Mukuddem-Petersen & SM Hanekom (2005) Clustering of haemostatic variables and the effect of high cashew and walnut diets on these variables in metabolic syndrome patients. Blood Coag Fibrin 16, 429–437.
G Riccardi , R Giacco & AA Rivellese (2004) Dietary fat, insulin sensitivity and the metabolic syndrome. Clin Nutr 23, 447–456.
E Ros , I Nunez , A Perez-Heras , (2004) A walnut diet improves endothelial function in hypercholesterolemic subjects: a randomized crossover trial. Circulation 109, 1609–1614.
J Sabate , GE Fraser , K Burke , SF Knutsen , H Bennett & KD Lindsted (1993) Effects of walnuts on serum lipid levels and blood pressure in normal men. N Engl J Med 328, 603–607.
K Shirai (2004) Obesity as the core of the metabolic syndrome and the management of coronary heart disease. Curr Med Res Opin 20, 295–304.
GA Spiller , DA Jenkins , O Bosello , JE Gates , LN Cragen & B Bruce (1998) Nuts and plasma lipids: an almond-based diet lowers LDL-C while preserving HDL-C. J Am Coll Nutr 17, 285–290.
LC Tapsell , LJ Gillen , CS Patch , M Batterham , A Owen , M Bare & M Kennedy (2004) Including walnuts in a low-fat/modified-fat diet improves HDL cholesterol-to-total cholesterol ratios in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 27, 2777–2783.
PJ van Jaarsveld , CM Smuts , HY Tichelaar , M Kruger & AJ Benade (2000) Effect of palm oil on plasma lipoprotein concentrations and plasma low-density lipoprotein composition in non-human primates. Int J Food Sci Nutr 51, Suppl., S21–S30.
MA Wien , JM Sabate , DN Ikle' , SE Cole & FR Kandeel (2003) Almonds vs complex carbohydrates in a weight reduction program. Int J Obes 27, 1365–1372.
E Wirfalt , B Hedblad , B Gullberg , (2001) Food patterns and components of the metabolic syndrome in men and women: a cross-sectional study within the Malmo Diet and Cancer cohort. Am J Epidemiol 154, 1150–1159.
D Zambon , J Sabate , S Munoz , (2000) Substituting walnuts for monounsaturated fat improves the serum lipid profile of hypercholesterolemic men and women. A randomized crossover trial. Ann Intern Med 132, 538–546.
MJ Zibaeenezhad , SJ Shamsnia & M Khorasani (2005) Walnut consumption in hyperlipidemic patients. Angio 56, 581–583.
F Perez-Jimenez , J Lopez-Miranda , MD Pinillos , P Gomez , E Paz-Rojas , P Montilla , C Marin , MJ Velasco , A Blanco-Molina , JA Jimenez Pereperez & JM Ordovas (2001) A Mediterranean and a high-carbohydrate diet improve glucose metabolism in healthy young persons. Diabetologia 44, 2038–2043.
C Rodriguez-Villar , JM Manzanares , E Casals , A Perez-Heras , D Zambon , R Gomis & E Ros (2000) High-monounsaturated fat, olive oil-rich diet has effects similar to a high-carbohydrate diet on fasting and postprandial state and metabolic profiles of patients with type 2 diabetes. Metabolism 49, 1511–1517.
C Thomsen , O Rasmussen , C Christiansen , E Pedersen , M Vesterlund , H Storm , J Ingerslev & K Hermansen (1999) Comparison of the effects of a monounsaturated fat diet and a high carbohydrate diet on cardiovascular risk factors in first degree relatives to type-2 diabetic subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr 53, 818–823.