Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Milk as an effective post-exercise rehydration drink

  • Susan M. Shirreffs (a1), Phillip Watson (a1) and Ronald J. Maughan (a1)
Abstract

The effectiveness of low-fat milk, alone and with an additional 20 mmol/l NaCl, at restoring fluid balance after exercise-induced hypohydration was compared to a sports drink and water. After losing 1·8 (sd 0·1) % of their body mass during intermittent exercise in a warm environment, eleven subjects consumed a drink volume equivalent to 150 % of their sweat loss. Urine samples were collected before and for 5 h after exercise to assess fluid balance. Urine excretion over the recovery period did not change during the milk trials whereas there was a marked increase in output between 1 and 2 h after drinking water and the sports drink. Cumulative urine output was less after the milk drinks were consumed (611 (sd 207) and 550 (sd 141) ml for milk and milk with added sodium, respectively, compared to 1184 (sd 321) and 1205 (sd 142) ml for the water and sports drink; P < 0·001). Subjects remained in net positive fluid balance or euhydrated throughout the recovery period after drinking the milk drinks but returned to net negative fluid balance 1 h after drinking the other drinks. The results of the present study suggest that milk can be an effective post-exercise rehydration drink and can be considered for use after exercise by everyone except those individuals who have lactose intolerance.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Milk as an effective post-exercise rehydration drink
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Milk as an effective post-exercise rehydration drink
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Milk as an effective post-exercise rehydration drink
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr Susan M. Shirreffs, fax +44 (0)1509 226301, email s.shirreffs@lboro.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

LM Burke & JA Hawley (1997) Fluid balance in team sports. Guidelines for optimal practices. Sports Med 24, 3854.

JAL Calbet & MacLean (1997) Role of calorie content on gastric emptying in humans. J Physiol 498, 553559.

S Cheuvront , R Carter & MN Sawka (2003) Fluid balance and endurance exercise performance. Curr Sports Med Rep 2, 202208.

EF Coyle (2004) Fluid and fuel intake during exercise. J Sports Sci 22, 3955.

J Gonzalez-Alonso , CL Heaps & EF Coyle (1992) Rehydration after exercise with common beverages and water. Int J Sport Med 13, 399406.

RJ Maughan & JB Leiper (1995) Sodium intake and post-exercise rehydration in man. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 71, 311319.

RJ Maughan , JB Leiper & SM Shirreffs (1996) Restoration of fluid balance after exercise-induced dehydration: effects of food and fluid intake. Eur J Appl Physiol 73, 317325.

RJ Maughan , JB Leiper & GE Vist (2004 a) Gastric emptying and fluid availability after ingestion of glucose and soy protein hydrolysate solutions in man. Exp Phys 89, 101108.

RJ Maughan , JH Owen , SM Shirreffs & JB Leiper (1994) Post-exercise rehydration in man: effects of electrolyte addition to ingested fluids. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 69, 209215.

RJ Maughan , SM Shirreffs , SJ Merson & CA Horswill (2005) Fluid and electrolyte balance in elite male football (soccer) players training in a cool environment. J Sports Sci 23, 7379.

B Nielsen , G Sjøgaard , J Ugelvig , B Knudsen & B Dohlman (1986) Fluid balance in exercise dehydration and rehydration with different glucose-electrolyte drinks. Eur J Appl Physiol 55, 318325.

M Saat , R Singh , RG Sirisinghe & M Nawawi (2002) Rehydration after exercise with fresh young coconut water, carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage and plain water. J Physiol Anthropol 21, 93104.

SM Shirreffs , LF Aragon-Vargas , M Chamorro , RJ Maughan , L Serratosa & JJ Zachwieja (2005) The sweating response of elite professional soccer players to training in the heat. Int J Sports Med 26, 9095.

SM Shirreffs , LE Armstrong & SN Cheuvront (2004) Fluid and electrolyte needs for preparation and recovery from training and competition. J Sports Sci 22, 5763.

SM Shirreffs , AJ Taylor , JB Leiper & RJ Maughan (1996) Post-exercise rehydration in man: effects of volume consumed and drink sodium content. Med Sci Sports Exerc 28, 12601271.

GE Vist & RJ Maughan (1995) The effect of osmolality and carbohydrate content on the rate of gastric emptying of liquids in man. J Physiol 486, 523531.

T Yawata (1990) Effect of potassium solution on rehydration in rats: comparison with sodium solution and water. Jap J Physiol 40, 369381.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: