Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The effect of exercise on the riboflavin status of adult men

  • M. J. Soares (a1), K. Satyanarayana (a1), M. S. Bamjlt (a1), C. M. Jacob (a1), Y. Venkata Ramana (a1) and S. Sudhakar Rao (a1)...
Abstract

Six sedentary to moderately active men with biochemical signs of riboflavin deficiency were studied under metabolic ward conditions to examine the effects of physical activity on riboflavin status. All participants were subjected to additional exercise (EXER) for an 18 d period between two maintenance (Ml and M2) periods (16 and 13 d respectively) of habitual physical activity. Energy balance and riboflavin intake were maintained throughout the study. Riboflavin status, as judged by a significant reduction in erythrocyte glutathione reductase (EC 1.6.4.2) activation coefficient (EGR-AC), improved on changing from home (1.53 (SD 0.14)) to period M1 (1.36 (SD 0.21)) diets. The exercise period, however, resulted in a significant deterioration in riboflavin status (1.57 (SD 0.31)) which persisted in the subsequent period M2 (1.54 (SD 0.15)). There was a concomitant fall in the urinary excretion of riboflavin only in the EXER period, when results were expressed as a percentage of the dietary intake of riboflavin. These results suggest an increased demand for the vitamin for selective biochemical functions during exercise. However, the energy cost of walking (treadmill 4 km/h), 50 W and 100 W work-loads (bicycle ergometer) as well as delta mechanical efficiency (DME) did not change during the three metabolic periods. The urinary excretion of riboflavin was inversely related to DME (r — 0.49; P < 0.05) and directly correlated with haemoglobin levels (r 0.63; P < 0.005). The present study suggests that riboflavin status further deteriorates during a short period of increased physical activity in individuals whose riboflavin status is marginal.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The effect of exercise on the riboflavin status of adult men
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The effect of exercise on the riboflavin status of adult men
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The effect of exercise on the riboflavin status of adult men
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Adelekan, D. A. & Thurnham, D. I. (1986). The influence of riboflavin deficiency on absorption and liver storage of iron in the growing rat. British Journal oy Nutrition 56, 171179.
Astrand, L. (1960). Mechanical efficiency of young and old people at low and high work loads during cycling. Acta Physiologicn Scandinavica 49, Suppl.2732.
Bamji, M. S., Bhaskaram, P. & Jacob, C. M. (1987). Urinary riboflavin excretion and erythrocyte glutathione reductase activity in preschool children suffering from upper respiratory infections and measles. Annals of Nutrition and Metaholisnim 31, 191196.
Bayoumi, R. A. & Rosalki, S. B. (1976). Evaluation of methods of coenzyme activation of erythrocyte enzymes for detection of deficiency of vitamins B1, B2, and B6. Clinical Cheniistry 22, 327335.
Belko, A. Z., Meredith, M. P., Kalkwarf, H. J., ObarLanek, E., Weinberg, S., Roach, R., McKeon, G. & Roe, D. A. (1985). Effects of exercise on riboflavin requirements: biological validation in weight reducing women. Americun Journul of Clinical Nutrition 41, 270277.
Belko, A. Z., Obarzanek, E., Kalkwarf, H. J., Rotter, M. A., Bogusyz, S., Miller, D., Hass, J. D. & Roe, D. A. (1983). Effects of exercise on riboflavin requirements of young women. American Journal of Clinicul Nutrition 37, 509517.
Belko, A. Z., Obarzanek, E., Roach, R., Rotter, M., Urban, G., Weinberg, S. & Roe, D. A. (1984). Effects of aerobic exercise and weight loss on riboflavin requirements of moderately obese, marginally deficient young women. American Jouriiul of Clinical Nutrition 40, 553561.
Bouchard, C., Angelo, T., Clande, L., Roland, S. & Germian, T. (1983). A method to assess energy expenditure in children and adults. Americun Journal of Clinical Nutrition 37, 461467.
Campbell, T. C., Brun, T., Junshi, C., Zulin, F. & Parpia, B. (1990). Questioning riboflavin recommendations on the basis of survey in China. Americun Journal of Clinicul Nutrition 51, 436445.
Durnin, J. V. G. A., Drummond, S. & Satyanarayana, K. (1988). A cohbordtive EEC study on seasonality and marginal nutrition. The Gkasgow-Hydcrabad (S. India) study. European Journal of Clinical Nurition 44, 1929.
Durnin, J. V. G. A. & Womersley, J. (1974). Body Fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. British Journal of Nutrition 32, 7797.
Gollnick, P. D., Armstrong, R. B., Saltin, B., Saubert, C. W. IV, Sembrowich, W. L. & Shepherd, R. E. (1973) Effect of training on enzyme activity and fibre composition of human skeletal muscle. Journal of Applied Physiology 34, 107111.
Gopalan, C., Ramasastri, B. V. & Balasubramanian, S. C. (1987). Nutritive Value of Indian Foods. Hyderabad, India: National Institute of Nutrition.
James, W. P. T., Ferro-Luzzi, A. & Waterlow, T. C. (1988). Definition of chronic energy deficiency in adults. Report of a working party of the International Dietary Energy Consultative Group. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 42, 969981.
Keys, A., Henschel, A. F., Michelsen, O., Brozek, J. M. & Crawford, J. H. (1944). Physiological and biochemical functions in normal men on a diet restricted in riboflavin. Journal of Nutrition 27, 165178.
Mole, P. A., Oscai, L. B. & Holloszy, J. O. (1971). Adaptation of muscle to exercise: Increases in levels of palmityl CoA synthetase, carnitine palmityltransferase and palmityl CoA dehydrogenase and in the capacity to oxidize fatty acids. Journal oy Clinical Investigation 50, 23232330.
Morell, D. B. & Slater, E. C. (1964). The fluorometric determination of riboflavin in urine. Biochenlical Journal 40, 652657.
National Institute of Nutrition (1988). Annual Report, for the Year 1987–88. Hyderabad, India: National Institute of Nutrition.
National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (1980). Annual Report for the Year 1980. Hyderabad, India: National Institute of Nutrition.
Oser, B. L. (1965). Hawk's Physiologicnl Chmiistry, 14th ed., p. 1233. London: McGrdw-Hill.
Powers, H. J., Bates, C. J., Eccles, M.. Brown, H. & George, E. (1987). Bicycling performance in Gambian children: Effects of supplementation of riboflavin and ascorbic acid. Human Nutrition: Clinicul Nurrition 41 C, 5969.
Powers, H. J., Wright, A. J. A. & Fairweather-Tait, S. A. (1988). The effect of riboflavin deficiency in rats on the absorption and distribution of iron. British Journal of Nutrition 59, 381387.
Prasad, P. A., Lakshmi, A. V. & Bamji, M. S. (1993). Intcrprctation of EGR AC values for assessing riboflavin status. (In the Press).
Prasad, P. A., Bamji, M. S., Lakshmi, A. V. & Satyanarayana, K. (1990). Functional impact of riboflavin supplementation in urban school children. Nutrition Reseurch 10, 275281.
Satyanarayana, K., Venkataramana, Y. & Someswara Rao, M. (1989). Nutrition and work performance: Studies carried out in India. Proceedings of the 14th Intemutional Congress of Nutrition, Seoul, South Korea pp. 302305 [Kim, W. Y., Leel, Y. C., Lee, K. Y., Ju, J. S. and Kim, S. H. editors]. Seoul, Korea: Ewha Women's University Press.
Satyanarayana, K., Venkataramana, Y., Someswara Rao, M., Anuradha, A. & Narasinga Rao, B. S. (1988). Quantitative assessment of physical activity and energy expenditure pattern among rural working women. In update Growth, pp.197205 [Agarwal, K. N. and Bhatia, B. D., editors]. Varanasi, India: Banaras Hindu University.
Tremblay, A., Boilard, M., Bratton, M. F., Bessette, H. & Roberge, A. B. (1984). The effects of a riboflavin supplementation on the nutritional status and performance of elite swimmers. Nutrition Research 4, 201208.
Tucker, R. G., Mickelsen, O. & Keys, A. (1960). The influence of sleep, work, diuresis, heat, acute starvation, thiamine intake and bed rest on human riboflavin excretion. Journal of Nutrition 72, 251261.
Turkki, P. & Lepisto Hunter, K. (1985). Effect of exercise on the riboflavin status of the rat. Federcition Proceedings 44. 1282.
Weight, L. M., Myburgh, K. H. & Noakes, T. D. (1988). Vitamin and mineral supplementation: Effect on the running performance of trained athletes. American Journal of Clinical Nutrifion 47, 192195.
Weiner, J. S. & Lourie, J. A. (1969). Growth and physique. Human Biology: A Guide to Field Methods, IBP Handbook no. 9. pp. 273. Oxford: Blackwell.
Winer, B. R. (1971). Statistrical Principles in Experitwental Design, 2nd ed. Japan: McGraw-Hill Kogakusha Ltd.
Zaman, Z. & Verwilghen, R. L. (1977). Effect of riboflavin deficiency on activity of NADH-FMN oxidoreductase (ferriductase) and iron content of rat liver. Biochemical Society Transactions 5, 306308.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 75 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 222 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd July 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.