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Energy expenditure and physical activity in subjects consuming full- or reduced-fat products aspart of their normal diet

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

Klaas R. Westerterp
Affiliation:
Department of Human Biology, University of Limburg. Maastricht, The Netherlands
P.H.G. Wilhelmine
Affiliation:
Department of Human Biology, University of Limburg. Maastricht, The Netherlands
Verboeket-Van De Venne
Affiliation:
Department of Human Biology, University of Limburg. Maastricht, The Netherlands
Carlijn V. C. Bouten
Affiliation:
Department of Human Biology, University of Limburg. Maastricht, The Netherlands
Cees De Graaf
Affiliation:
Department of Human Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Karin H. Van Het Hof
Affiliation:
Unilever Research Laboratories, Vlaardingen, The Netherlands
Jan A. Weststrate
Affiliation:
Unilever Research Laboratories, Vlaardingen, The Netherlands
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Abstract

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It has been suggested that energy expenditure is higher in subjects consuming reduced-fat, high-carbohydrate diets than in subjects consuming full-fat, low-carbohydrate diets. In a 6-month randomized, controlled trial, seventeen women and twenty men (age 20–35 years; BMI 22–28 kg/m2)had free access either to a range of about forty-five reduced-fat products or the full-fat equivalents. At the end of the 6 months, energy intake, sleeping metabolic rate (SMR), average daily metabolic rate (ADMR), and physical activity (AO) were measured. The intervention resulted in a mean difference of the change of the fat content of the diet of 6% of energy (P < 0·01) between the two groups. SMR, ADMR and AO were virtually the same in both groups. The results suggest that the change in fat content of the diet has no effect on physical activity and energy expenditure. However, subjects with a higher activity level consumed more carbohydrate (ADMR/SMR: r = 0·49, P < 0·01; AO: r = 0·57,p=0·001)

Type
Human and Clinical Nutrition
Copyright
Copyright © The Nutrition Society 1997

References

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