Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Feeding different types of cooked white rice to piglets after weaning influences starch digestion, digesta and fermentation characteristics and the faecal shedding of β-haemolytic Escherichia coli

  • John R. Pluske (a1), Lucile Montagne (a2), Fiona S. Cavaney (a1), Bruce P. Mullan (a3), David W. Pethick (a1) and David J. Hampson (a1)...

Abstract

Forty-eight, 21-d-old pigs were used to examine the effects of different types of cooked white rice on starch digestion, digesta and fermentation characteristics, shedding of β-haemolytic Escherichia coli and performance after weaning. Pigs received one of three rice-based diets: (i) medium-grain Amaroo (AM), (ii) long-grain Doongara (DOON), and (iii) waxy (WAXY). The remainder of the diet consisted predominantly of animal proteins. A fourth diet contained mainly wheat, barley and lupins (WBL). On days 1, 3, 7 and 9 after weaning, a faecal swab was taken for assessment of β-haemolytic E. coli and faecal consistency. Apparent digestibility of starch measured in the ileum 14 d after weaning was highest (P = 0·004) in AM and WAXY and lowest, but the same (P>0·05), in DOON and WBL. Starch digestibility in the rectum was highest in all rice diets (P < 0·001). Digesta viscosity was highest in pigs fed WBL in both the ileum (P < 0·001) and caecum (P = 0·027). Pigs fed rice generally had lighter (P < 0·05) gastrointestinal organs than pigs fed WBL. Performance of pigs was similar for all treatments; however, pigs fed rice-based diets had a higher (P < 0·001) carcass percentage than pigs fed WBL. Pigs fed WBL produced more acid (P < 0·05) but had lower molar proportions of acetate (P < 0·05), isobutyrate (P < 0·01) and isovalerate (P < 0·001) and a higher molar proportion of butyrate (P < 0·01) in the large intestine than pigs fed rice. Shedding of E. coli was low; however, pigs fed AM and WBL shed less E. coli than pigs fed other diets.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Feeding different types of cooked white rice to piglets after weaning influences starch digestion, digesta and fermentation characteristics and the faecal shedding of β-haemolytic Escherichia coli
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Feeding different types of cooked white rice to piglets after weaning influences starch digestion, digesta and fermentation characteristics and the faecal shedding of β-haemolytic Escherichia coli
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Feeding different types of cooked white rice to piglets after weaning influences starch digestion, digesta and fermentation characteristics and the faecal shedding of β-haemolytic Escherichia coli
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Associate Professor John Pluske, fax +61 89 360 6628, J.Pluske@murdoch.edu.au

References

Hide All
Bird, AR, Hayakawa, T, Marsono, Y, Gooden, JM, Record, IR, Correll, RL & Topping, DL (2000) Coarse brown rice increases fecal and large bowel short-chain fatty acids and starch but lowers calcium in the large bowel of pigs. J Nutr 130, 17801787.
Black, JL (2001) Variation in the nutritional value of cereal grains across livestock species. Proc Aust Poult Sci Symp 13, 2229.
Boisen, S, Duldulao, JBA, Mendoza, EMT & Juliano, BO (2001) Comparative protein digestibility in growing rats of cooked rice and protein properties of indica and japonica milled rices. J Cer Sci 33, 183191.
Campbell, RG & Dunkin, AC (1990) Feeding growers and finishers. In Pig Production in Australia, pp. 8594 [Gardner, JAA, Dunkin, AC and Lloyd, LC, editors]. Sydney: Butterworths Pty Limited.
De Schrijver, R, Vanhoof, K & Van de Ginste, J (1999) Nutrient utilization in rats and pigs fed enzyme resistant starch. Nutr Res 19, 13491361.
Fitzgerald, MA, Martin, M, Ward, RM, Park, WD & Shead, HJ (2003) Viscosity of rice flour: a rheological and biological study. J Agric Food Chem 51, 22952299.
Gaskins, HR (2001) Intestinal bacteria and their influence on swine growth. In Swine Nutrition, 2nd ed. pp. 585608 [Lewis, AJ and Southern, LL, editors]. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press LLC.
Högberg, A & Lindberg, JE (2004) Influence of cereal non-starch polysaccharides and enzyme supplementation on digestion site and gut environment in weaned piglets. Anim Feed Sci Technol 116, 113128.
Hollander, M & Wolfe, DA (1973) The one-way layout. In Non-Parametric Statistical Methods, pp. 115132 [Wiley, J, editor]. New York: Hartley.
Hongtrakul, K, Goodband, RD, Behnke, KC, Nelssen, JL, Tokach, MD, Bergström, JR, Nessmith, WB & Kim, IH (1998) The effects of extrusion processing of carbohydrate sources on weanling pig performance. J Anim Sci 76, 30343042.
Hopwood, DE, Pethick, DW & Hampson, DJ (2002) Increasing the viscosity of the intestinal contents stimulates proliferation of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Brachyspira pilosicoli in weaner pigs. Br J Nutr 88, 523532.
Hopwood, DE, Pethick, DW, Pluske, JR & Hampson, DJ (2004) Addition of pearl barley to a rice-based diet for newly weaned piglets increases the viscosity of the intestinal contents, reduces starch digestibility and exacerbates post-weaning colibacillosis. Br J Nutr 92, 419427.
Jensen, BB (2001) Possible ways of modifying type and amount of products from microbial fermentation in the gut. In Gut Environment of Pigs, pp. 181200 [Piva, A, Bach Knudsen, KE and Lindberg, J-E, editors]. Nottingham, UK: Nottingham University Press.
Juliano, BO (1992) Structure, chemistry and function of the rice grain and its fractions. Cereal Foods World 37, 772779.
Kim, J-C, Mullan, BP, Hampson, DJ & Pluske, JR (2005a) Insoluble non-starch polysaccharides fed as oat hulls reduce protein fermentation in the large intestine of newly-weaned pigs. In Manipulating Pig Production X, p. 145 [Paterson, JE, editor]. Perth, Australia: Australasian Pig Science Association, Australia.
Kim, J-C, Mullan, BP, Hampson, DJ, Rijnen, MMJA & Pluske, JR (2006) The digestible energy and net energy content of two varieties of processed rice in pigs of different body weight. Anim Feed Sci Technol. doi:10.1016/janifeedsci.2006.09.016.
Kim, J-C, Mullan, BP & Pluske, JR (2005) A comparison of waxy vs non-waxy wheats in diets for weaner pigs: effects of particle size, enzyme supplementation, and collection day on total tract apparent digestibility and pig performance. Anim Feed Sci Technol 120, 5165.
Kim, J-C, Mullan, BP, Simmins, PH & Pluske, JR (2003) Variation in the chemical composition of wheats grown in Western Australia as influenced by variety, growing region, season and post-harvest storage. Aust J Agric Res 54, 541550.
Kruskal, WH & Wallis, WA (1952) Use of ranks in one criterion variance analysis. J Am Stat Assoc 47, 614617.
Lallès, J-P, Boudry, G, Favier, C, Le Floc'h, N, Luron, I, Montagne, L, Oswald, IP, Piè, S, Piel, C & Sève, B (2004) Gut function and dysfunction in young pigs: physiology. Anim Res 53, 301316.
Lawlor, PG, Lynch, PB, Caffrey, PJ & O'Doherty, JV (2003) Effect of cooking wheat and maize on the performance of newly weaned pigs. 1. Age and weight at weaning. Anim Sci 76, 251261.
Leibholz, J (1982) Wheat starch in the diet of pigs between 7 and 28 days of age. Anim Prod 35, 199207.
Li, DF, Zhang, DF, Piao, XS, Han, IK, Yang, CJ, Li, JB & Lee, JH (2002) Effects of replacing corn with Chinese brown rice on growth performance and apparent fecal digestibility of nutrients in weanling pigs. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 15, 11911197.
Lindberg, JE, Arvidsson, A & Wang, J (2003) Influence of naked barley cultivar with normal, amylose-rich or amylopectin-rich starch and enzyme supplementation on digestibility and piglet performance. Anim Feed Sci Technol 104, 121131.
McDonald, DE, Pethick, DW, Mullan, BP & Hampson, DJ (2001) Increasing viscosity of the intestinal contents alters small intestinal structure and intestinal growth, and stimulates proliferation of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in newly-weaned pigs. Br J Nutr 86, 487498.
McDonald, DE, Pethick, DW, Pluske, JR & Hampson, DJ (1999) Adverse effects of soluble non-starch polysaccharide (guar gum) on piglet growth and experimental colibacillosis immediately after weaning. Res Vet Sci 67, 245250.
Marsono, Y & Topping, DL (1993) Complex carbohydrates in Australian rice products – influence of microwave cooking and food processing. Lebensm Wiss Techno 26, 364370.
Mateos, GG, Martín, F, Latorre, MA, Vicente, B & Lázaro, R (2006) Inclusion of oat hulls in diets for young pigs based on cooked maize or cooked rice. Anim Sci 82, 5763.
Medel, P, Baucells, F, Garcia, MI, de Blas, C & Mateos, GG (2002) Processing of barley and enzyme supplementation in diets for young pigs. Anim Feed Sci Technol 95, 113122.
Medel, P, Garcia, MI, Lazaro, R, De Blas, C & Mateos, GG (2000) Particle size and heat treatment of barley in diets for early-weaned piglets. Anim Feed Sci Technol 84, 1321.
Medel, P, Latorre, MA, de Blas, C, Lazaro, R & Mateos, GG (2004) Heat processing of cereals in mash or pellet diets for young pigs. Anim Feed Sci Technol 113, 127140.
Montagne, L, Cavaney, FS, Hampson, DJ, Lallès, J-P & Pluske, JR (2004) Effect of diet composition on postweaning colibacillosis in piglets. J Anim Sci 82, 23642374.
National Research Council (1998) Nutrient Requirements of Swine, 10th ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Petrie, A & Watson, P (1999) Statistics for Veterinary and Animal Science. Oxford: Blackwell Science Ltd.
Piao, XS, Li, DF, Han, IK, Chen, Y, Lee, JH, Wang, DY, Li, JB & Zhang, DF (2002) Evaluation of Chinese brown rice as an alternative energy source in pig diets. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 15, 8993.
Pluske, JR, Black, B, Pethick, DW, Mullan, BP & Hampson, DJ (2003) Effects of different sources and levels of dietary fibre in diets on performance, digesta characteristics and antibiotic treatment of pigs after weaning. Anim Feed Sci Technol 107, 129142.
Pluske, JR, Montagne, L, Cavaney, FS, Mullan, BP, Pethick, DW & Hampson, DJ (2005) Type of rice fed to pigs after weaning influences apparent digestibility of starch at the ileum, bot not in the rectum. In Manipulating Pig Production X, p. 18 [Paterson, JE, editor]. Perth, Australia: Australasian Pig Science Association, Australia.
Pluske, JR, Pethick, DW, Hopwood, DE & Hampson, DJ (2002) Nutritional influences on some major enteric bacterial diseases of pigs. Nutr Res Rev 15, 333371.
Pluske, JR, Pethick, DW & Mullan, BP (1998) Differential effects of feeding fermentable carbohydrate to growing pigs on performance, gut size and slaughter characteristics. Anim Sci 67, 147156.
Sagum, R & Arcot, J (2000) Effect of domestic processing methods on the starch, non-starch polysaccharides and in vitro starch and protein digestibility of three varieties of rice with varying levels of amylose. Food Chem 70, 107111.
Short, FJ, Gorton, P, Wiseman, J & Boorman, KN (1996) Determination of titanium dioxide added as an inert marker in chicken digestibility studies. Anim Feed Sci Technol 59, 215221.
Svihus, B, Uhlen, AK & Harstad, OM (2005) Effect of starch granule structure, associated components and processing on nutritive value of cereal starch: a review. Anim Feed Sci Technol 122, 303320.
Tetens, I, Biswas, SK, Glitsø, LV, Kabir, KA, Thilsted, SH & Choudhury, NH (1997) Physico-chemical characteristics as indicators of starch availability from milled rice. J Cereal Sci 26, 355361.
Wang, JF, Zhu, YH, Li, DF, Wang, Z & Jensen, BB (2004a) In vitro fermentation of various fiber and starch sources by pig fecal inocula. J Anim Sci 82, 26152622.
Wang, JF, Zhu, YH, Li, DF, Wang, Z & Jensen, BB (2004b) In vitro fermentation of various fiber and starch sources by pig fecal inocula. Anim Sci 78, 109117.
Williams, BA, Verstegen, MWA & Tamminga, S (2001) Fermentation in the large intestine of single-stomached animals and its relationship to animal health. Nutr Res Rev 14, 207227.
Yen, JT, Nienaber, JA, Hill, DA & Pekas, JC (1989) Oxygen consumption by portal vein-drained organs and by the whole animal in conscious growing swine. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 190, 393398.
Zarkadas, LN & Wiseman, J (2002) Influence of micronization temperature and pre-conditioning on performance and digestibility in piglets fed barley-based diets. Anim Feed Sci Technol 95, 7382.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed