1 Ehrenberg HM, Durnwald CP, Catalano P, et al. (2004) The influence of obesity and diabetes on the risk of Cesarean delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol 191, 969–974.
2 Chu SY, Callaghan WM, Kim SY, et al. (2007) Maternal obesity and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 30, 2070–2076.
3 Jain NJ, Denk CE, Kruse LK, et al. (2007) Maternal obesity: can pregnancy weight gain modify risk of selected adverse pregnancy outcomes? Am J Perinatol 24, 291–298.
4 Hill JO & Trowbridge FL (1998) Childhood obesity: future directions and research priorities. Pediatrics 101, 570–574.
5 Jouret B, Ahluwalia N, Cristini C, et al. (2007) Factors associated with overweight in preschool-age children in southwestern France. Am J Clin Nutr 85, 1643–1649.
6 Ley RE, Turnbaugh PJ, Klein S, et al. (2006) Microbial ecology: human gut microbes associated with obesity. Nature 444, 1022–1023.
7 Turnbaugh PJ, Ley RE, Mahowald MA, et al. (2006) An obesity-associated gut microbiome with increased capacity for energy harvest. Nature 444, 1027–1031.
8 Nadal I, Santacruz A, Marcos A, et al. (2009) Shifts in clostridia, bacteroides and immunoglobulin-coating fecal bacteria associated with weight loss in obese adolescents. Int J Obes (Lond) 33, 758–767.
9 Santacruz A, Marcos A, Wärnberg J, et al. (2009) Interplay between weight loss and gut microbiota composition in overweight adolescents. Obesity (Silver Spring) 17, 1906–1915.
10 Collado MC, Laitinen K, Isolauri E, et al. (2008) Distinct composition of gut microbiota during pregnancy in overweight and normal weight women. Am J Clin Nutr 88, 894–899.
11 Institute of Medicine Subcomittee on Nutritional Status and Weight Gain During Pregnancy (1990) Weight gain and nutrient supplements. In Nutrition During Pregnancy, , pp. 1–233. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
12 Farran A, Zamora R & Cervera P (2004) Tablas de Composición de Alimentos del CESNID (CESNID Food Composition Tables), 2nd ed. Barcelona: McGraw-Hill Interamericana.
13 Friedewald WT, Levy RI & Fredrickson DS (1972) Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma, without use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin Chem 18, 499–502.
14 Kalliomäki M, Collado MC, Salminen S, et al. (2008) Early differences in faecal microbiota composition in children may predict later weight-gain? Am J Clin Nutr 87, 534–538.
15 Waldram A, Holmes E, Wang Y, et al. (2009) Top-down systems biology modeling of host metabotype–microbiome associations in obese rodents. J Proteome Res 8, 2361–2375.
16 Cani PD, Neyrinck AM, Fava F, et al. (2007) Selective increases of bifidobacteria in gut microflora improve high-fat-diet-induced diabetes in mice through a mechanism associated with endotoxaemia. Diabetología 50, 2374–2383.
17 Ray JG, Thompson MD, Vermeulen MJ, et al. (2007) Metabolic syndrome features and risk of neural tube defects. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 19 .
18 Nead KG, Halterman JS, Kaczorowski JM, et al. (2004) Overweight children and adolescents: a risk group for iron deficiency. Pediatrics 114, 104–108.
19 Zimmermann MB, Zeder C, Muthayya S, et al. (2008) Adiposity in women and children from transition countries predicts decreased iron absorption, iron deficiency and a reduced response to iron fortification. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, 1098–1104.
20 Zafon C, Lecube A & Simó R (2009) Iron in obesity. An ancient micronutrient for a modern disease. Obes Rev .
21 Chen X, Scholl TO & Stein TP (2006) Association of elevated serum ferritin levels and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnant women: The Camden Study. Diabetes Care 29, 1077–1082.
22 Lecube A, Hernández C, Pelegrí D, et al. (2008) Factors accounting for high ferritin levels in obesity. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, 1665–1669.
23 Shine WE, Silvany R & McCulley JP (1993) Relation of cholesterol-stimulated Staphylococcus aureus growth to chronic blepharitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 34, 2291–2296.
24 Wolever TMS, Spadafora PJ, Cunnane SC, et al. (1995) Propionate inhibits incorporation of colonic [1,2-13C]acetate into plasma lipids in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 61, 1241–1247.
25 Pouteau E, Nguyen P, Ballèvre O, et al. (2003) Production rates and metabolism of short-chain fatty acids in the colon and whole body using stable isotopes. Proc Nutr Soc 62, 87–93.
26 Strozzi GP & Mogna L (2008) Quantification of folic acid in human feces after administration of Bifidobacterium probiotic strains. J Clin Gastroenterol 42, Suppl. 3, S179–S184.
27 Jolivet-Gougeon A, Loréal O, Ingels A, et al. (2008) Serum transferrin saturation increase is associated with decrease of antibacterial activity of serum in patients with HFE-related genetic hemochromatosis. Am J Gastroenterol 103, 2502–2508.
28 Tako E, Glahn RP, Welch RM, et al. (2008) Dietary inulin affects the expression of intestinal enterocyte iron transporters, receptors and storage protein and alters the microbiota in the pig intestine. Br J Nutr 99, 472–480.