Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-nzrtw Total loading time: 0.447 Render date: 2022-12-06T01:45:29.193Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

The inhibition of nutrient digestion by wheat pentosans

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

M. Choct
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, University of Sydney, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia
G. Annison
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, University of Sydney, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

HTML view is not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

Two pentosan-rich fractions (water-extractable, WEP, and alkali-extractable, AEP) were isolated from a wheat milling by-product. When both WEP and AEP were added to a commercial-type broiler diet the apparent metabolizable energy (AME), nitrogen retention, feed utilization and growth of broilers were significantly (P < 0.001) depressed. These depressions were closely correlated (P < 0.001) to the level of pentosans in the diets. At the highest level of inclusion of pentosans (equivalent to 40 g arabinoxylans as AEP/kg) the ileal digestibilities of starch, protein and lipid were decreased by 14.6, 18.7 and 25.8% respectively.

Anti-nutritive effects: Non-starch polysaccharides: Broiler diets

Type
Effects of Complex Carbohydrates on Nutrient Absortion
Copyright
Copyright © The Nutrition Society 1992

References

Aman, P. & Hesselman, K. (1984)Analysis of starch and other main constituents of cereal gains. Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research 14, 135139.Google Scholar
Annison, G. (1989) Determination of the AME of wheat using gnotobiotic chickens. Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition in Australia p. 2A. Armidale, Australia: University of New England.Google Scholar
Annison, G. (1990)Polysaccharide composition of Australian wheats and the digestibility of their starches in broiler chicken diets. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 30, 183186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Annison, G. & Johnson, R. J. (1989) Relationship between AME, starch digestibility and pentosan levels in rice, sorghum and wheat diets for broiler chickens. Proceedings of the Australian Poultry Science Symposium pp. 7982. Sydney, Australia: Sydney University.Google Scholar
Antoniou, T. & Marquardt, R. R. (1981)Influence of rye pentosans on the growth of chicks. Poultry Science 60, 18981904.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Antoniou, T., Marquardt, R. R. & Cansfield, P. E. (1981)Isolation, partial characterisation and antinutritional activity of a factor (pentosans) in rye grain. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 28, 12401247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blakeney, A. B., Harris, P. J., Henry, R. J. & Stone, B. A. (1983)A simple and rapid preparation of alditol acetates for monosaccharide analysis. Carbohydrate Research 113, 291299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, G. L., Rossnagel, B. G., Classen, H. L. & Thacker, P. A. (1989)Genotypic and environmental differences in extract viscosity of barley and their relationship to its nutritive value for broiler chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology 26, 221230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Choct, M. & Annison, G. (1990)The anti-nutritive activity of wheat pentosans in broiler diets. British Poultry Science 31, 811821.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chubb, L. G. (1982) Anti-nutritive factors in animal feedstuffs. In Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition pp. 2137 [W., Hareseign and P., J. A. Cole, editors]. London: Butterworths.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Classen, H. L., Campbell, G. L. & GrootWassink, J. W. D. (1988)Improved feeding value of Saskatchewangrown barley for broiler chickens with dietary enzyme supplementation. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 68, 12531259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Edney, M. J., Campbell, G. L. & Classen, H. L. (1989)The effect of beta-glucanase supplementation on nutrient digestibility and growth in broilers given diets containing barley, oat groats or wheat. Animal Feed Science and Technology 25, 193200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fengler, A. I. & Marquardt, R. R. (1988a)Water-soluble pentosans from rye. I. Isolation, partial purification, and characterisation. Cereal Chemistry 65, 291297.Google Scholar
Fengler, A. I. & Marquardt, R. R. (1988b)Water-soluble pentosans from rye. II. Effects on rate of dialysis and on the retention of nutrients by the chick. jCereal Chemistry 65, 298302.Google Scholar
Fengler, A. I., Aherne, F. X. & Robblee, A. R. (1990)Influence of germination of cereals on viscosity of their aqueous extracts and nutritive value. Animal Feed Science and Technology 28, 243253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fincher, G. B. & Stone, B. A. (1974)A water soluble arabinogalactan peptide from wheat endosperm. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 27, 117132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fincher, G. B. & Stone, B. A. (1986) Cell walls and their components in cereal grain technology. In Advances in Cereal Science and Technology Vol. 8, pp. 207295 [Pomeranz., Y, editor]. Minnesota: AACC.Google Scholar
Gohl, B., Alden, S., Elwinger, K. & Thomke, S. (1978)Influence of barley β-glucanase on the feeding value of barley for poultry and moisture content of excreta. British Poultry Science 19, 4147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Halpin, J. G., Holmes, C. E. & Hart, E. B. (1936)Rye as a feed for poultry. Poultry Science 15, 38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hesselman, K. & Aman, P. (1986)The effect of β-glucanase on the utilization of starch and nitrogen by broiler chickens fed on barley of low or high viscosity. Animal Feed Science and Technology 15, 8393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jeroch, H. (1987) Nutritional value of wheat, rye and triticale in broiler chickens and laying hens. World's Poultry Science Association, 6th European Symposium On Poultry Nutrition pp. A4415. London: Butterworths.Google Scholar
Johnson, R. J. (1987) Metabolisable energy assay systems for broiler chickens. Proceedings of the Seventh Australian Poultry and Feed Convention pp. 127137. Sydney, Australia: WPSA, Australian Branch.Google Scholar
Low, A. G. (1989)Secretory response of the pig gut to non-starch polysaccharides. Animal Feed Science and Technology 23, 5565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCleary, B. V. & Glennie-Holmes, M. (1985)Enzymic quantification of (1–3),(1–4)-β-D-glucan in barley and malt. Journal of the Institute of Brewing 91, 285295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mares, D. J. & Stone, B. A. (1973)Studies on wheat endosperm I. Chemical composition and ultrastructure of the cell walls. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 26, 793812.Google Scholar
Mollah, Y., Bryden, W. L., Wallis, I. R., Balnave, D. & Annison, E. F. (1983)Studies on low metabolisable energy wheats for poultry using conventional and rapid assay procedures and the effects of processing. British Poultry Science 24, 8189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olsen, A. C., Gray, G. M., Chiu, M.-C., Betschart, A. A. & Turnlund, J. R. (1988)Monosaccharides produced by acid hydrolysis of selected foods, dietary fibers, and fecal residues from white and whole wheat bread consumed by humans. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 36, 300304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Outen, G. E., Beever, D. E. & Fenlon, J. S. (1976)Direct methylation of long-chain fatty acids in feeds, digesta and faeces without prior extraction. Journal of the Science and Food and Agriculture 27, 419425.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pettersson, D. & Aman, P. (1988)Effects of enzyme supplementation of diets based on wheat, rye or triticale on their productive value for broiler chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology 20, 313324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rogel, A. M., Annison, E. F., Bryden, W. L. & Balnave, D. (1987)The digestion of wheat starch in broiler chickens. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 38, 639649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saini., H. S. & Henry, R. J. (1989)Fractionation and evaluation of triticale pentosans: Comparison with wheat and rye. Cereal Chemistry 66, 1114.Google Scholar
Vogtmann, H., Pfirter, H. P. & Prabucki, A. L. (1975)A new method of determining metabolisability of energy and digestibility of fatty acids in broiler diets. British Poultry Science 16, 531534.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wagner, D. D. & Thomas, O. P. (1978)An adaptive growth response of chicks fed rye. Poultry Science 57, 230234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ward, A. T. & Marquardt, R. R. (1983)The effect of saturation, chain length of pure triglycerides and age of bird on the utilization of rye diets. Poultry Science 62, 10541062.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ward, A. T. & Marquardt, R. R. (1987)Antinutritional activity of a water-soluble pentosan-rich fraction from rye grain. Poultry Science 66, 16651674.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
White, W. B., Bird, H. R., Sunde, M. L., Burger, W. C. & Marlett, J. A. (1981)The viscosity interaction of barley beta-glucan with Trichoderma viride cellulase in the chick intestine. Poultry Science 60, 10431048.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
You have Access
186
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The inhibition of nutrient digestion by wheat pentosans
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

The inhibition of nutrient digestion by wheat pentosans
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

The inhibition of nutrient digestion by wheat pentosans
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *