Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Laboratory studies of the dental properties of soft drinks

  • T. H. Grenby (a1), A. Phillips (a1), T. Desai (a1) and M. Mistry (a1)
Abstract

The composition and dental properties of eight different soft drinks, representing some of the most popular types used in the UK, were examined. Demineralization experiments were conducted on hydroxylapatite, the basic component of dental enamel, determining calcium dissolving by atomic absorption spectroscopy and phosphorus by u.v. visual spectrophotometry. The titratable acid content of the drinks was found to give a better guide than their pH to their potential dental erosiveness. The sugar content, in their ready-to-drink form, varied from zero in a low-calorie product up to almost 14 % in a blackcurrant drink, but using a technique with a relatively long contact time, and in the absence of intact dental plaque, the demineralizing action on hydroxylapatite of the acids already in the drinks eclipsed the effects of the acid generated by oral micro-organisms from the sugars in the drinks. The pure citrus juices showed potentially the worst dental properties, followed by the orange and blackcurrant concentrates after dilution to their ready-to-drink form, with least demineralization from the carbonated drinks, and a cola drink giving especially low values.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Laboratory studies of the dental properties of soft drinks
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Laboratory studies of the dental properties of soft drinks
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Laboratory studies of the dental properties of soft drinks
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Addy, M., Absi, E.G. & Adams, D. (1987). Dentine hypersensitivity. The effects in vitro of acids and dietary substances on root-planed and burred dentine. Journal of Clinical Periodontology 14, 274279.
Allen, R.J.L. (1940). The estimation of phosphorus. Biochemical Journal 24, 858864.
Birkhed, D. (1984). Sugar content, acidity and effect on plaque pH of fruit juices, fruit drinks, carbonated beverages and sport drinks. Caries Research 18, 120127.
Burt, B.A. (1985). The future of the caries decline. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 45, 261269.
Duke, S.A., Molyneux, K. & Jackson, R.J. (1988). The effect of citrate in drinks on plaque pH. British Dental Journal 64, 8082.
Grenby, T.H. (1983). Nutritive sucrose substitutes and dental health. In Developments in Sweeteners, vol. 2, pp. 5188 [Grenby, T.H.Parker, K.J. and Lindley, M.G., editors]. London: Applied Science.
Grenby, T.H. (1987). Dental and nutritional properties of snack foods and soft drinks. Deutsche Zahnärztliche Zeitschrift 42, S104S106.
Grenby, T.H. (1988). The nutritive properties and dental decay potential of snack foods. Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research 14, 7178.
Grenby, T.H. & Saldanha, M.G. (1988). Comparison of Lycasin® versus sucrose sweets in demineralisation studies of human enamel and hydroxylapatite. Caries Research 22, 269275.
Imfeld, T.N. (1983). Identification of Low Caries Risk Dietary Components, pp. 165174. Basel: Karger.
Jackson, R.J., Duke, S.A., Molyneux, K. & Poile, S. (1988). Effect of citrate on the potential cariogenicity of drinks. Caries Research 22, 110 Abstr.
Jeffries, D.A. (1985). Drink Market Update No. 1. Leatherhead: Food Research Association.
Kleber, C.J., Putt, M.S. & Muhler, J.C. (1979). Changes in salivary pH after ingestion of sorbitol tablets containing various food acidulants. Journal of Dental Research 58, 15641565.
Kulka, R.G. (1956). Colorimetric estimation of ketopentoses and ketohexoses. Biochemical Journal 63, 542548.
Meurman, J.H., Rytomaa, I., Kari, K., Laakso, T.& Murtomaa, H. (1987). Salivary pH and glucose after consuming various beverages, including sugar-containing drinks. Caries Research 21, 353359.
National Association of Soft Drink Manufacturers Ltd (1985). Factsheet no. 8. Twickenham, Middx: NASDM Ltd.
Patel, M.V., Fox, J.L. & Higuchi, W.I. (1987). Effect of acid type on kinetics and mechanism of dental enamel demineralisation. Journal of Dental Research 66, 14251430.
Shacklady, J. (1969). Fruit juices and fruit juice beverages. In Food Industries Manual, 20th ed, pp. 257258 [Woollen, A.H., editor]. London: Leonard Hill.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed