This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
WK Al Delaimy , P Ferrari , N Slimani , (2005) Plasma carotenoids as biomarkers of intake of fruits and vegetables: individual-level correlations in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 1387–1396.
WK Al Delaimy , AL van Kappel , P Ferrari , (2004) Plasma levels of six carotenoids in nine European countries: report from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Public Health Nutr 7, 713–722.
LF Andersen , DR Jacobs Jr, MD Gross , PJ Schreiner , WO Dale & DH Lee (2006) Longitudinal associations between body mass index and serum carotenoids: the CARDIA study. Br J Nutr 95, 358–365.
C Augood , A Fletcher , G Bentham , (2004) Methods for a population-based study of the prevalence of and risk factors for age-related maculopathy and macular degeneration in elderly European populations: the EUREYE study. Ophthalmic Epidemiol 11, 117–129.
CA Augood , JR Vingerling , PT de Jong , (2006) Prevalence of age-related maculopathy in older Europeans: the European Eye Study (EUREYE). Arch Ophthalmol 124, 529–535.
E Cho , JM Seddon , B Rosner , WC Willett & SE Hankinson (2004) Prospective study of intake of fruits, vegetables, vitamins, and carotenoids and risk of age-related maculopathy. Arch Ophthalmol 122, 883–892.
JK Chug-Ahuja , JM Holden , MR Forman , AR Mangels , GR Beecher & E Lanza (1993) The development and application of a carotenoid database for fruits, vegetables, and selected multicomponent foods. J Am Diet Assoc 93, 318–323.
DA Cooper , AL Eldridge & JC Peters (1999) Dietary carotenoids and certain cancers, heart disease, and age-related macular degeneration: a review of recent research. Nutr Rev 57, 201–214.
NE Craft (1992) Carotenoid reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography methods: reference compendium. Methods Enzymol 213, 185–205.
P Galan , FE Viteri , S Bertrais , (2005) Serum concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium are influenced by sex, age, diet, smoking status, alcohol consumption and corpulence in a general French adult population. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 1181–1190.
HC Hung , KJ Joshipura , R Jiang , (2004) Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of major chronic disease. J Natl Cancer Inst 96, 1577–1584.
JF Keaney Jr, MG Larson , RS Vasan , (2003) Obesity and systemic oxidative stress: clinical correlates of oxidative stress in the Framingham Study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 23, 434–439.
AR Mangels , JM Holden , GR Beecher , MR Forman & E Lanza (1993) Carotenoid content of fruits and vegetables: an evaluation of analytic data. J Am Diet Assoc 93, 284–296.
JA Mares-Perlman , AI Fisher , R Klein , M Palta , G Block , AE Millen & JD Wright (2001) Lutein and zeaxanthin in the diet and serum and their relation to age-related maculopathy in the third national health and nutrition examination survey. Am J Epidemiol 153, 424–432.
JD Morrow (2003) Is oxidant stress a connection between obesity and atherosclerosis? Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 23, 368–370.
ME O'Neill , Y Carroll , B Corridan , (2001) A European carotenoid database to assess carotenoid intakes and its use in a five-country comparative study. Br J Nutr 85, 499–507.
S Sasaki , F Ushio , K Amano , M Morihara , O Todoriki , Y Uehara & E Toyooka (2000) Serum biomarker-based validation of a self-administered diet history questionnaire for Japanese subjects. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 46, 285–296.
KJ Scott , DI Thurnham , DJ Hart , SA Bingham & K Day (1996) The correlation between the intake of lutein, lycopene and beta-carotene from vegetables and fruits, and blood plasma concentrations in a group of women aged 50–65 years in the UK. Br J Nutr 75, 409–418.
W Smith , P Mitchell , K Webb & SR Leeder (1999) Dietary antioxidants and age-related maculopathy: the Blue Mountains Eye Study. Ophthalmology 106, 761–767.
SA Stanner , J Hughes , CN Kelly & J Buttriss (2004) A review of the epidemiological evidence for the ‘antioxidant hypothesis’. Public Health Nutr 7, 407–422.
AL van Kappel , JP Steghens , A Zeleniuch-Jacquotte , V Chajes , P Toniolo & E Riboli (2001) Serum carotenoids as biomarkers of fruit and vegetable consumption in the New York Women's Health Study. Public Health Nutr 4, 829–835.
R van Leeuwen , S Boekhoorn , JR Vingerling , JC Witteman , CC Klaver , A Hofman & PT de Jong (2005) Dietary intake of antioxidants and risk of age-related macular degeneration. JAMA 294, 3101–3107.
P van't Veer , MC Jansen , M Klerk & F Kok (2000) Fruits and vegetables in the prevention of cancer and cardiovascular disease. Public Health Nutr 3, 103–107.
GM VandenLangenberg , WE Brady , LC Nebeling , G Block , M Forman , PE Bowen , M Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis & JA Mares-Perlman (1996) Influence of using different sources of carotenoid data in epidemiologic studies. J Am Diet Assoc 96, 1271–1275.
J Vioque & L Gonzalez (1991) Validity of a food frequency questionnaire (preliminary results). Eur J Cancer Prev 1, 19–20.
W Willett (1998) Reproducibility and validity of food-frequency questionnaires. In Nutritional Epidemiology, pp. 101–147 [ W Willet , editor]. New York: Oxford University Press.