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    Wagner, Dale R. 2013. Ultrasound as a Tool to Assess Body Fat. Journal of Obesity, Vol. 2013, p. 1.


    Midorikawa, Taishi Ohta, Megumi Hikihara, Yuki Torii, Suguru and Sakamoto, Shizuo 2015. Prediction and validation of total and regional skeletal muscle volume using B-mode ultrasonography in Japanese prepubertal children. British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 114, Issue. 08, p. 1209.


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Prediction and validation of total and regional fat mass by B-mode ultrasound in Japanese pre-pubertal children

  • Taishi Midorikawa (a1) (a2), Megumi Ohta (a2) (a3), Yuki Hikihara (a4), Suguru Torii (a2), Michael G. Bemben (a5) and Shizuo Sakamoto (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511001103
  • Published online: 09 May 2011
Abstract

The present study was performed to develop regression-based prediction equations for fat mass by ultrasound in Japanese children and to investigate the validity of these equations. A total of 127 healthy Japanese pre-pubertal children aged 6–12 years were randomly separated into two groups: the model development group (fifty-four boys and forty-four girls) and the validation group (eighteen boys and eleven girls). Total body, trunk, arm and leg fat masses were initially determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA, Delphi A-QDR whole-body scanner; Hologic, Inc., Bedford, MA, USA). Then, fat thickness was measured by B-mode ultrasound (5 MHz scanning head) at nine sites (arm: lateral forearm, anterior and posterior upper arm; trunk: abdomen and subscapular; leg: anterior and posterior thigh, anterior and posterior lower leg). Regression analyses were used to describe the relationships between the site-matched fat masses (total body, arm, trunk and leg) obtained by DXA and ultrasound in the development group. When these fat mass prediction equations were applied to the validation group, the measured total and regional fat mass was very similar to the predicted fat mass (mean difference calculated as predicted −  measured fat mass ± 2 sd; total body 0·1 (sd 0·5) kg, arm 0·1 (sd 0·3) kg, trunk − 0·1 (sd 0·3) kg, leg 0·1 (sd 0·5) kg for boys; total body 0·5 (sd 1·3) kg, arm 0·0 (sd 0·3) kg, trunk 0·1 (sd 0·8) kg, leg 0·3 (sd 0·6) kg for girls), and the Bland–Altman analysis did not indicate a bias. These results suggest that ultrasound-derived prediction equations for boys and girls are useful for estimating total and regional fat mass.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: T. Midorikawa, fax +81 42 797 8426, email taishi@obirin.ac.jp
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1SR Daniels , JA Morrison , DL Sprecher , (1999) Association of body fat distribution and cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents. Circulation 99, 541545.

2J Botton , B Heude , A Kettaneh , (2007) Cardiovascular risk factor levels and their relationships with overweight and fat distribution in children: the Fleurbaix Laventie Ville Santé II study. Metabolism 56, 614622.

3T Abe , F Tanaka , Y Kawakami , (1996) Total and segmental subcutaneous adipose tissue volume measured by ultrasound. Med Sci Sports Exerc 28, 908912.

4T Abe , M Kondo , Y Kawakami , (1994) Prediction equations for body composition of Japanese adults by B-mode ultrasound. Am J Hum Biol 6, 161170.

5TJ Cole , MC Bellizzi , KM Flegal , (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 320, 12401243.

9K Sanada , CF Kearns , T Midorikawa , (2006) Prediction and validation of total and regional skeletal muscle mass by ultrasound in Japanese adults. Eur J Appl Physiol 96, 2431.

16K Saito , S Nakaji , T Umeda , (2007) Development of predictive equations for body density of sumo wrestlers using B-mode ultrasound for the determination of subcutaneous fat thickness. Br J Sports Med 37, 144148.

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British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
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