This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
JG Eriksson , V Lindi , M Uusitupa , TJ Forsen , M Laakso , C Osmond & DJ Barker (2002) The effects of the Pro12Ala polymorphism of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 gene on insulin sensitivity and insulin metabolism interact with size at birth. Diabetes 51, 2321–2324.
PD Gluckman & MA Hanson (2004) Living with the past: evolution, development, and patterns of disease. Science 305, 1733–1736.
SC Langley-Evans , L Bellinger & S McMullen (2005) Animal models of programming: early life influences on appetite and feeding behaviour. Matern Child Nutr 1, 142–148.
JD Horton , JL Goldstein & MS Brown (2002) SREBPs: activators of the complete program of cholesterol and fatty acid synthesis in the liver. J Clin Invest 109, 1125–1131.
YL Zhang , A Hernandez-Ono , P Siri , S Weisberg , D Conlon , MJ Graham , RM Crooke , LS Huang & HN Ginsberg (2006) Aberrant hepatic expression of PPARgamma2 stimulates hepatic lipogenesis in a mouse model of obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hepatic steatosis. J Biol Chem 281, 37603–37615.
L Bellinger , DV Sculley & SC Langley-Evans (2006) Exposure to undernutrition in fetal life determines fat distribution, locomotor activity and food intake in ageing rats. Int J Obes (Lond) 30, 729–738.
L Bellinger & SC Langley-Evans (2005) Fetal programming of appetite by exposure to a maternal low-protein diet in the rat. Clin Sci (Lond) 109, 413–420.
SF Leibowitz & KE Wortley (2004) Hypothalamic control of energy balance: different peptides, different functions. Peptides 25, 473–504.
J Lin , R Yang , PT Tarr , (2005) Hyperlipidemic effects of dietary saturated fats mediated through PGC-1beta coactivation of SREBP. Cell 120, 261–273.
SC Langley-Evans , DS Gardner & AA Jackson (1996) Association of disproportionate growth of fetal rats in late gestation with raised systolic blood pressure in later life. J Reprod Fert 106, 307–312.
SC Langley-Evans , GJ Phillips & AA Jackson (1994) In utero exposure to maternal low protein diets induces hypertension in weanling rats, independently of maternal blood pressure changes. Clin Nutr 13, 319–324.
P Chomczynski & N Sacchi (1987) Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction. Anal Biochem 162, 156–159.
T Kakuma , Y Lee , M Higa , Z Wang , W Pan , I Shimomura & RH Unger (2000) Leptin, troglitazone, and the expression of sterol regulatory element binding proteins in liver and pancreatic islets. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97, 8536–8541.
L Jackson , W Wahli , L Michalik , SA Watson , T Morris , K Anderton , DR Bell , JA Smith , CJ Hawkey & AJ Bennett (2003) Potential role for peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) in preventing colon cancer. Gut 52, 1317–1322.
MF Festing (2006) Design and statistical methods in studies using animal models of development. ILAR J 47, 5–14.
G Ravelli , Z Stein & MW Susser (1976) Obesity in young men after famine exposure in utero and in early infancy. New England J Med 295, 349–353.
SE Ozanne , R Lewis , BJ Jennings & CN Hales (2004) Early programming of weight gain in mice prevents the induction of obesity by a highly palatable diet. Clin Sci (Lond) 106, 141–145.
SC Langley & AA Jackson (1994) Increased systolic blood pressure in adult rats induced by fetal exposure to maternal low protein diets. Clin Sci (Lond) 86, 217–222.
AP Jones & MI Friedman (1982) Obesity and adipocyte abnormalities in offspring of rats undernourished during pregnancy. Science 215, 1518–1519.
M Odorizzi , JP Max , P Tankosic , C Burlet & A Burlet (1999) Dietary preferences of Brattleboro rats correlated with an overexpression of galanin in the hypothalamus. Eur J Neurosci 11, 3005–3014.
CB Lawrence , FM Baudoin & SM Luckman (2002) Centrally administered galanin-like peptide modifies food intake in the rat: a comparison with galanin. J Neuroendocrinol 14, 853–860.
A Plagemann , T Harder , A Rake , T Waas , K Melchior , T Ziska , W Rohde & G Dorner (1999) Observations on the orexigenic hypothalamic neuropeptide Y-system in neonatally overfed weanling rats. J Neuroendocrinol. 11, 541–546.
IC McMillen , LJ Edwards , J Duffield & BS Muhlhausler (2006) Regulation of leptin synthesis and secretion before birth: implications for the early programming of adult obesity. Reproduction 131, 415–427.
M Foretz , C Guichard , P Ferre & F Foufelle (1999) Sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c is a major mediator of insulin action on the hepatic expression of glucokinase and lipogenesis-related genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96, 12737–12742.
I Shimomura , M Matsuda , RE Hammer , Y Bashmakov , MS Brown & JL Goldstein (2000) Decreased IRS-2 and increased SREBP-1c lead to mixed insulin resistance and sensitivity in livers of lipodystrophic and ob/ob mice. Mol Cell 6, 77–86.
AC Heijboer , E Donga , PJ Voshol , ZC Dang , LM Havekes , JA Romijn & EP Corssmit (2005) Sixteen hours of fasting differentially affects hepatic and muscle insulin sensitivity in mice. J Lipid Res 46, 582–588.
VC Hannah , J Ou , A Luong , JL Goldstein & MS Brown (2001) Unsaturated fatty acids down-regulate srebp isoforms 1a and 1c by two mechanisms in HEK-293 cells. J Biol Chem 276, 4365–4372.
TS Worgall , SL Sturley , T Seo , TF Osborne & RJ Deckelbaum (1998) Polyunsaturated fatty acids decrease expression of promoters with sterol regulatory elements by decreasing levels of mature sterol regulatory element-binding protein. J Biol Chem 273, 25537–25540.
J Xu , M Tern-Garcia , JH Park , MT Nakamura & SD Clarke (2001) Polyunsaturated fatty acids suppress hepatic sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 expression by accelerating transcript decay. J Biol Chem 276, 9800–9807.
CJ Petry , MW Dorling , DB Pawlak , SE Ozanne & CN Hales (2001) Diabetes in old male offspring of dams fed a reduced protein diet. Int J Exp Diabetes Res 2, 139–143.
DS Fernandez-Twinn , A Wayman , S Ekizoglou , MS Martin , CN Hales & SE Ozanne (2005) Maternal protein restriction leads to hyperinsulinemia and reduced insulin-signaling protein expression in 21-month-old female rat offspring. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 288, R368–R373.
JG Eriksson , T Forsen , J Tuomilehto , C Osmond & DJ Barker (2001) Early growth and coronary heart disease in later life: longitudinal study. BMJ 322, 949–953.
J Eriksson , T Forsen , J Tuomilehto , C Osmond & D Barker (2001) Size at birth, childhood growth and obesity in adult life. Int J Obes 25, 735–740.