This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1 RM van Dam & FB Hu (2005) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review. JAMA 294, 97–104.
2 RM van Dam & EJ Feskens (2002) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Lancet 360, 1477–1478.
3 RM van Dam , JM Dekker , G Nijpels , CD Stehouwer , LM Bouter , RJ Heine & Hoorn Study (2004) Coffee consumption and incidence of impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, and type 2 diabetes: the Hoorn Study. Diabetologia 47, 2152–2159.
4 J Tuomilehto , G Hu , S Bidel , J Lindstrom & P Jousilahti (2004) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus among middle-aged Finnish men and women. JAMA 291, 1213–1219.
5 S Carlsson , N Hammar , V Grill & J Kaprio (2004) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in Finnish twins. Int J Epidemiol 33, 616–617.
6 A Reunanen , M Heliovaara & K Aho (2003) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Lancet 361, 702–703.
7 G Hu , P Jousilahti , M Peltonen , S Bidel & J Tuomilehto (2006) Joint association of coffee consumption and other factors to the risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective study in Finland. Int J Obes 30, 1742–1749.
8 U Peters , C Poole & L Arab (2001) Does tea affect cardiovascular disease? A meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol 154, 495–503.
9 M Woodward & H Tunstall-Pedoe (1999) Coffee and tea consumption in the Scottish Heart Health Study follow up: conflicting relations with coronary risk factors, coronary disease, and all cause mortality. J Epidemiol Community Health 53, 481–487.
10 MG Marmot , GD Smith , S Stansfeld , C Patel , F North , J Head , I White , E Brunner & A Feeney (1991) Health inequalities among British civil servants: the Whitehall II study. Lancet 337, 1387–1393.
12American Diabetes Association (2004) Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 27, S5–S10.
13 P Martikainen , E Brunner & M Marmot (2003) Socioeconomic differences in dietary patterns among middle-aged men and women. Soc Sci Med 56, 1397–1410.
14 MA Pereira , ED Parker & AR Folsom (2006) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: an 11-year prospective study of 28 812 postmenopausal women. Arch Intern Med 166, 1311–1316.
15 A Saremi , M Tulloch-Reid & WC Knowler (2003) Coffee consumption and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 26, 2211–2212.
16 RM van Dam , WC Willett , JE Manson & FB Hu (2006) Coffee, caffeine, and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study in younger and middle-aged U.S. women. Diabetes Care 29, 398–403.
17 NP Paynter , HC Yeh , S Voutilainen , MI Schmidt , G Heiss , AR Folsom , FL Brancati & WH Kao (2006) Coffee and sweetened beverage consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study. Am J Epidemiol 164, 1075–1084.
18 JA Greenberg , KV Axen , R Schnoll & CN Boozer (2005) Coffee, tea and diabetes: the role of weight loss and caffeine. Int J Obes (Lond) 29, 1121–1129.
19 RM van Dam , WJ Pasman & P Verhoef (2004) Effects of coffee consumption on fasting blood glucose and insulin concentrations: randomized controlled trials in healthy volunteers. Diabetes Care 27, 2990–2992.
22 A Wachmann , RS Hattner , B George & DS Bernstein (1970) Effects of decaffeinated and nondecaffeinated coffee ingestion on blood glucose and plasma radioimmunoreactive insulin responses to rapid intravenous infusion of glucose in normal man. Metabolism 19, 539–546.
24 A Steptoe , EL Gibson , R Vuononvirta , M Hamer , J Wardle , JA Rycroft , JF Martin & JD Erusalimsky (2007) The effects of chronic tea intake on platelet activation and inflammation: a double-blind placebo controlled trial. Atherosclerosis 193, 277–282.
25 A Ceriello & E Motz (2004) Is oxidative stress the pathogenic mechanism underlying insulin resistance, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease? The common soil hypothesis revisited. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 24, 816–823.
26 H Iso , C Date , K Wakai , M Fukui , A Tamakoshi & JACC Study Group (2006) The relationship between green tea and total caffeine intake and risk for self-reported type 2 diabetes among Japanese adults. Ann Intern Med 144, 554–562.
28 Y Song , JE Manson , JE Buring , HD Sesso & S Liu (2005) Associations of dietary flavonoids with risk of type 2 diabetes, and markers of insulin resistance and systemic inflammation in women: a prospective study and cross-sectional analysis. J Am Coll Nutr 24, 376–384.
30 M Hamer & Y Chida (2007) Intake of fruit, vegetables, and antioxidants and risk of type 2 diabetes: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Hypertens 25, 2361–2369.
31 S Liu , IM Lee , Y Song , M Van Denburgh , NR Cook , JE Manson & JE Buring (2006) Vitamin E and risk of type 2 diabetes in the women's health study randomized controlled trial. Diabetes 55, 2856–2862.
32 S Liu , U Ajani , C Chae , C Hennekens , JE Buring & JE Manson (1999) Long-term beta-carotene supplementation and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 282, 1073–1075.