Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 21
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ekmekcioglu, Cem Wallner, Peter Kundi, Michael Weisz, Ulli Haas, Willi and Hutter, Hans-Peter 2016. Red meat, diseases and healthy alternatives: A critical review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, p. 00.

    Forster, Genevieve M. Nealon, Nora Jean Hill, Dale Jensen, Tracey D. Stone, Teva L. Bauer, John E. and Ryan, Elizabeth P. 2016. Navy and black bean-based dog foods are digestible during weight loss in overweight and obese adult companion dogs. Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition, Vol. 4,

    Ramdath, Dan Renwick, Simone and Duncan, Alison M. 2016. The Role of Pulses in the Dietary Management of Diabetes. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Vol. 40, Issue. 4, p. 355.

    Saraf-Bank, Sahar Esmaillzadeh, Ahmad Faghihimani, Elham and Azadbakht, Leila 2016. Effects of Legume-Enriched Diet on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Individuals at Risk for Diabetes: A Crossover Study. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 35, Issue. 1, p. 31.

    Anand, Sonia S. Hawkes, Corinna de Souza, Russell J. Mente, Andrew Dehghan, Mahshid Nugent, Rachel Zulyniak, Michael A. Weis, Tony Bernstein, Adam M. Krauss, Ronald M. Kromhout, Daan Jenkins, David J.A. Malik, Vasanti Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A. Mozaffarian, Dariush Yusuf, Salim Willett, Walter C. and Popkin, Barry M. 2015. Food Consumption and its Impact on Cardiovascular Disease: Importance of Solutions Focused on the Globalized Food System. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 66, Issue. 14, p. 1590.

    Augustin, Livia S. A. Chiavaroli, Laura Campbell, Janice Ezatagha, Adish Jenkins, Alexandra L. Esfahani, Amin and Kendall, Cyril W. C. 2015. Post-prandial glucose and insulin responses of hummus alone or combined with a carbohydrate food: a dose–response study. Nutrition Journal, Vol. 15, Issue. 1,

    Curiel, José Antonio Coda, Rossana Centomani, Isabella Summo, Carmine Gobbetti, Marco and Rizzello, Carlo Giuseppe 2015. Exploitation of the nutritional and functional characteristics of traditional Italian legumes: The potential of sourdough fermentation. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Vol. 196, p. 51.

    Duc, Gérard Agrama, Hesham Bao, Shiying Berger, Jens Bourion, Virginie De Ron, Antonio M. Gowda, Cholenahalli L. L. Mikic, Aleksandar Millot, Dominique Singh, Karam B. Tullu, Abebe Vandenberg, Albert Vaz Patto, Maria C. Warkentin, Thomas D. and Zong, Xuxiao 2015. Breeding Annual Grain Legumes for Sustainable Agriculture: New Methods to Approach Complex Traits and Target New Cultivar Ideotypes. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, Vol. 34, Issue. 1-3, p. 381.

    Luhovyy, Bohdan L. Mollard, Rebecca C. Panahi, Shirin Nunez, Maria Fernanda Cho, France and Anderson, G. Harvey 2015. Canned Navy Bean Consumption Reduces Metabolic Risk Factors Associated with Obesity. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, Vol. 76, Issue. 1, p. 33.

    Salehi-Abargouei, Amin Saraf-Bank, Sahar Bellissimo, Nick and Azadbakht, Leila 2015. Effects of non-soy legume consumption on C-reactive protein: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition, Vol. 31, Issue. 5, p. 631.

    Saraf-Bank, Sahar Esmaillzadeh, Ahmad Faghihimani, Elham and Azadbakht, Leila 2015. Effect of non-soy legume consumption on inflammation and serum adiponectin levels among first-degree relatives of patients with diabetes: A randomized, crossover study. Nutrition, Vol. 31, Issue. 3, p. 459.

    Barnosky, Adrienne R. Hoddy, Kristin K. Unterman, Terry G. and Varady, Krista A. 2014. Intermittent fasting vs daily calorie restriction for type 2 diabetes prevention: a review of human findings. Translational Research, Vol. 164, Issue. 4, p. 302.

    da Costa, Teresa H. M. Reis, Caio E. G. da Silva, Fábio V. P. and Casulari, Luiz A. 2014. Improvement in metabolic parameters in obese subjects after 16 weeks on a Brazilian-staple calorie-restricted diet. Nutrition Research and Practice, Vol. 8, Issue. 4, p. 410.

    Eslinger, Amanda J. Eller, Lindsay K. and Reimer, Raylene A. 2014. Yellow pea fiber improves glycemia and reduces Clostridium leptum in diet-induced obese rats. Nutrition Research, Vol. 34, Issue. 8, p. 714.

    Hanson, Matthew G. Zahradka, Peter and Taylor, Carla G. 2014. Lentil-based diets attenuate hypertension and large-artery remodelling in spontaneously hypertensive rats. British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 111, Issue. 04, p. 690.

    Li, Siying S. Kendall, Cyril W.C. de Souza, Russell J. Jayalath, Viranda H. Cozma, Adrian I. Ha, Vanessa Mirrahimi, Arash Chiavaroli, Laura Augustin, Livia S.A. Blanco Mejia, Sonia Leiter, Lawrence A. Beyene, Joseph Jenkins, David J.A. and Sievenpiper, John L. 2014. Dietary pulses, satiety and food intake: A systematic review and meta-analysis of acute feeding trials. Obesity, Vol. 22, Issue. 8, p. 1773.

    Pistollato, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio 2014. Role of plant-based diets in the prevention and regression of metabolic syndrome and neurodegenerative diseases. Trends in Food Science & Technology, Vol. 40, Issue. 1, p. 62.

    Rebello, C. J. Greenway, F. L. and Finley, J. W. 2014. A review of the nutritional value of legumes and their effects on obesity and its related co-morbidities. Obesity Reviews, Vol. 15, Issue. 5, p. 392.

    Rebello, Candida J. Greenway, Frank L. and Finley, John W. 2014. Whole Grains and Pulses: A Comparison of the Nutritional and Health Benefits. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 62, Issue. 29, p. 7029.

    Rizzello, Carlo Giuseppe Calasso, Maria Campanella, Daniela De Angelis, Maria and Gobbetti, Marco 2014. Use of sourdough fermentation and mixture of wheat, chickpea, lentil and bean flours for enhancing the nutritional, texture and sensory characteristics of white bread. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Vol. 180, p. 78.


Regular consumption of pulses for 8 weeks reduces metabolic syndrome risk factors in overweight and obese adults

  • R. C. Mollard (a1), B. L. Luhovyy (a1), S. Panahi (a1), M. Nunez (a1), A. Hanley (a1) and G. H. Anderson (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 23 August 2012

Pulses are low in energy density, supporting their inclusion in the diet for the management of risk factors of the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn). The aim of the present study was to describe the effects of frequent consumption (five cups/week over 8 weeks) of pulses (yellow peas, chickpeas, navy beans and lentils), compared with counselling to reduce energy intake by 2093 kJ/d (500 kcal/d), on risk factors of the MetSyn in two groups (nineteen and twenty-one subjects, respectively) of overweight or obese (mean BMI 32·8 kg/m2) adults. Body weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting blood parameters and 24 h food intakes were measured at weeks 1, 4 and 8. Blood glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and ghrelin were measured after a 75 g oral glucose load at weeks 1 and 8. At week 8, both groups reported reductions in energy intake, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, glycosylated Hb (HbA1c) and glucose AUC and homeostasis model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) following the glucose load (P < 0·05). However, HDL, fasting C-peptide and insulin AUC responses were dependent on diet (P < 0·05). HDL and C-peptide increased by 4·5 and 12·3 %, respectively, in the pulse group, but decreased by 0·8 and 7·6 %, respectively, in the energy-restricted group. Insulin AUC decreased in both females and males on the energy-restricted diet by 24·2 and 4·8 %, respectively, but on the pulse diet it decreased by 13·9 % in females and increased by 27·3 % in males (P < 0·05). In conclusion, frequent consumption of pulses in an ad libitum diet reduced risk factors of the MetSyn and these effects were equivalent, and in some instances stronger, than counselling for dietary energy reduction.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Regular consumption of pulses for 8 weeks reduces metabolic syndrome risk factors in overweight and obese adults
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Regular consumption of pulses for 8 weeks reduces metabolic syndrome risk factors in overweight and obese adults
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Regular consumption of pulses for 8 weeks reduces metabolic syndrome risk factors in overweight and obese adults
      Available formats
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr G. H. Anderson, fax +1 416 978 5882, email
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

5S Malik , ND Wong , SS Franklin , (2004) Impact of the metabolic syndrome on mortality from coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease, and all causes in United States adults. Circulation 110, 12451250.

6I Abete , A Astrup , JA Martinez , (2010) Obesity and the metabolic syndrome: role of different dietary macronutrient distribution patterns and specific nutritional components on weight loss and maintenance. Nutr Rev 68, 214231.

12CL Wong , RC Mollard , TA Zafar , (2009) Food intake and satiety following a serving of pulses in young men: effect of processing, recipe, and pulse variety. J Am Coll Nutr 28, 543552.

13LA Bazzano , AM Thompson , MT Tees , (2009) Non-soy legume consumption lowers cholesterol levels: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21, 94103.

16SE Brien & PT Katzmarzyk (2006) Physical activity and the metabolic syndrome in Canada. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 31, 4047.

18J Liu , AJ Hanley , TK Young , (2006) Characteristics and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among three ethnic groups in Canada. Int J Obes (Lond) 30, 669676.

19J Liu , TK Young , B Zinman , (2006) Lifestyle variables, non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors, and the metabolic syndrome in an Aboriginal Canadian population. Obesity (Silver Spring) 14, 500508.

20PT Katzmarzyk , I Janssen , R Ross , (2006) The importance of waist circumference in the definition of metabolic syndrome: prospective analyses of mortality in men. Diabetes Care 29, 404409.

21B Balkau , JE Deanfield , JP Després , (2007) International Day for the Evaluation of Abdominal Obesity (IDEA): a study of waist circumference, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes mellitus in 168,000 primary care patients in 63 countries. Circulation 116, 19421951.

22S Yusuf , S Hawken , S Ounpuu , (2004) Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case–control study. Lancet 364, 937952.

23T Pischon , H Boeing , K Hoffman , (2008) General and abdominal adipocity and risk of death in Europe. N Engl J Med 359, 21052120.

24EJ Jacobs , CC Newton , Y Wang , (2010) Waist circumference and all-cause mortality in a large US cohort. Arch Int Med 170, 12931301.

26DM Winham & AM Hutchins (2007) Baked bean consumption reduces total cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic adults. Nutr Res 27, 380386.

27DM Winham , AM Hutchins & CS Johnston (2007) Pinto bean consumption reduces biomarkers for heart disease risk. J Am Coll Nutr 26, 243249.

28JK Pittaway , IK Robertson & MJ Ball (2008) Chickpeas may influence fatty acid and fiber intake in an ad libitum diet, leading to small improvements in serum lipid profile and glycemic control. J Am Diet Assoc 108, 10091013.

31JK Pittaway , KD Ahuja , M Cehun , (2006) Dietary supplementation with chickpeas for at least 5 weeks results in small but significant reductions in serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterols in adult women and men. Ann Nutr Metab 50, 512518.

32JK Pittaway , KD Ahuja , IK Robertson , (2007) Effects of a controlled diet supplemented with chickpeas on serum lipids, glucose tolerance, satiety and bowel function. J Am Coll Nutr 26, 334340.

36RG Marques , MJ Fontaine & J Rogers (2004) C-peptide: much more than a byproduct of insulin biosynthesis. Pancreas 29, 231238.

37B Wilhelm , P Kann & A Pfützner (2008) Influence of C-peptide on glucose utilisation. Exp Diabetes Res 2008, 769483.

38Y Papanikolaou & VL Fulgoni III (2008) Bean consumption is associated with greater nutrient intake, reduced systolic blood pressure, lower body weight, and a smaller waist circumference in adults: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2002. J Am Coll Nutr 27, 569576.

39M Dalton , AJ Cameron , PZ Zimmet , (2003) Waist circumference, waist-hip ratio and body mass index and their correlation with cardiovascular disease risk factors in Australian adults. J Intern Med 254, 555563.

40S Stanley , K Wynne , B McGowan , (2005) Hormonal regulation of food intake. Physiol Rev 85, 11311158.

42T Kadowaki , T Yamauchi , N Kubota , (2006) Adiponectin and adiponectin receptors in insulin resistance, diabetes, and the metabolic syndrome. J Clin Invest 116, 17841792.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *