Ajani, UA, Ford, ES & Mokdad, AH (2004) Dietary fiber and C-reactive protein: findings from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. J Nutr 134, 1181–1185.
Albert, MA, Glynn, RJ & Ridker, PM (2003) Alcohol consumption and plasma concentration of C-reactive protein. Circulation 107, 443–447.
Bruunsgaard, H, Poulsen, HE, Pedersen, BK, Nyyssonen, K, Kaikkonen, J & Salonen, JT (2003) Long-term combined supplementations with alpha-tocopherol and vitamin C have no detectable anti-inflammatory effects in healthy men. J Nutr 133, 1170–1173.
Calfee-Mason, KG, Spear, BT & Glauert, HP (2002) Vitamin E inhibits hepatic NF-kappaB activation in rats administered the hepatic tumor promoter, phenobarbital. J Nutr 132, 3178–3185.
Carcamo, JM, Borquez-Ojeda, O & Golde, DW (2002) Vitamin C inhibits granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor-induced signaling pathways. Blood 99, 3205–3212.
Choi, JS, Choi, YJ, Park, SH, Kang, JS & Kang, YH (2004) Flavones mitigate tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced adhesion molecule upregulation in cultured human endothelial cells: role of nuclear factor-kappa. J Nutr 134, 1013–1019.
Danesh, J, Collins, R, Appleby, P & Peto, R (1998) Association of fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, albumin or leukocyte count with coronary heart disease: meta-analysis of prospective studies. JAMA 279, 1477–1482.
Demerath, E, Towne, B, Blangero, J & Siervogel, RM (2001) The relationship of soluble ICAM-1, VCAM-1, P-selectin and E-selectin to cardiovascular disease risk factors in healthy men and women. Ann Hum Biol 28, 664–678.
Ford, ES, Liu, S, Mannino, DM, Giles, WH & Smith, SJ (2003) C-reactive protein concentration and concentrations of blood vitamins, carotenoids, and selenium among United States adults. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 1157–1163.
Gao, X, Bermudez, OI & Tucker, KL (2004) Plasma C-reactive protein and homocystein concentrations are related to frequent fruit and vegetable intake in Hispanic and non-Hispanic white elders. J Nutr 134, 913–918.
Gerritsein, ME, Carley, WW & Ranges, GE (1995) Flavonoids inhibit cytokine-induced endothelial cell adhesion protein gene expression. Am J Pathol 147, 278–292.
Goudev, A, Kyurkchiev, S, Gergova, V, Karshelova, E, Georgiev, D, Atar, D, Kehayou, I & Nacheu, C (2000) Reduced concentrations of soluble adhesion molecules after antioxidant supplementation in postmenopausal women with high cardiovascular risk profiles – a randomized double-blind study. Cardiology 94, 227–232.
Graziano, JM, Manson, JE, Branch, LG, Colditz, GA, Willett, WC & Buring, JE (1995) A prospective study of consumption of carotenoids in fruits and vegetables and decreased cardiovascular mortality in the elderly. Ann Epidemiol 5, 255–260.
Han, TS, Sattar, N, Williams, K, Gonzalez-Villalpando, C, Lean, ME & Haffner, SM (2002) Prospective study of C-reactive protein in relation to the development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in the Mexico City Diabetes Study. Diabetes Care 25, 2016–2021.
Imhof, A, Froehlich, M, Brenner, H, Boeing, H, Peyps, MB & Koenig, W (2001) Effect of alcohol consumption on systemic markers of inflammation. Lancet 357, 763–767.
King, DE, Egan, BM & Geesey, ME (2003) Relation of dietary fat and fibre to elevation of C-reactive protein. Am J Cardiol 92, 1335–1339.
Kritchevsky, SB, Bush, AJ, Pahor, M & Gross, MD (2000) Serum carotenoids and markers of inflammation in nonsmokers. Am J Epidemiol 152, 1065–1071.
Lind, L (2003) Circulating markers of inflammation and atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis 169, 203–214.
Matsuda, M & DeFronzo, RA (1999) Insulin sensitivity indices from oral glucose tolerance testing: comparison with the euglycemic insulin clamp. Diabetes Care 22, 1462–1470.
Middleton, E, Kandaswami, C Jr, Theoharides, TC (2000) The effects of plant flavonoids on mammalian cells: implications for inflammation, heart disease, and cancer. Pharmacol Rev 52, 673–751.
Palozza, P, Serini, S & Torsello, A (2003) β-Carotene modulates NF-kB DNA-binding activity by a redox mechanism in human leukemia and colon adenocarcinoma cells. J Nutr 133, 381–388.
Parhami, F, Fang, ZT, Fogelman, AM, Andalibi, A, Territo, MC & Berliner, JA (1993) Minimally modified low density lipoprotein-induced inflammatory responses in endothelial cells are mediated by cyclic adenosine monophosphate. J Clin Invest 92, 471–478.
Pellegrini, N, Del, Rio, D, Colombi, B, Bianchi M, Brighenti, F (2003a) Application of the 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical cation assay to a flow injection system for the evaluation of antioxidant activity of some pure compounds and beverages. J Agric Food Chem 51, 260–264.
Pellegrini, N, Serafini, M, Colombi, B, Del, Rio, D, Salvatore, S, Bianchi M, Brighenti, F (2003b) Total antioxidant capacity of plant foods, beverages and oils consumed in Italy assessed by three different in vitro assays. J Nutr 133, 2812–2819.
Riso, P & Porrini, M (1997) Determination of carotenoids in vegetable foods and plasma. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 67, 47–54.
Saito, M, Ishimitsu, T, Minami, J, Ono, H, Ohrui, M & Matsuoka, H (2003) Relations of plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein to traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Atherosclerosis 167, 73–79.
Salvini, S (1997) A food composition database for epidemiological studies in Italy. Cancer Lett 114, 299–300.
Sanchez-Moreno, C, Cano, MP, de Ancos, B, Cano, MP, Plaza, L, Olmedilla, B, Granado, F & Martin, A (2003) High-pressurized orange juice consumption affects plasma vitamin C, antioxidative status and inflammatory markers in healthy humans. J Nutr 133, 2204–2209.
Sanchez-Moreno, C, Dashe, JF, Scott, T, Thaler, D, Folstein, MF & Martin, A (2004) Decreased levels of plasma vitamin C and increased concentrations of inflammatory and oxidative stress markers after stroke. Stroke 35, 163–168.
Tall, AR (2004) C-reactive protein reassessed. N Engl J Med 350, 1450–1452.
Van Dam, B, van Hinsbergh, VW, Stehouwer, CD, Versiteilen, A, Dekker, H, Buytenhek, R, Princen, HM & Schalkunjk, C (2003) Vitamin E inhibits lipid peroxidation-induced adhesion molecules expression in endothelial cells and decreases soluble cell adhesion molecules in healthy subjects. Cardiovasc Res 57, 563–571.
Visser, M, Bouter, LM, McQuillan, GM, Wener, MH & Harris, TB (1999) Elevated C-reactive protein levels in overweight and obese adults. JAMA 282, 2131–2135.
Wattanapitayakul, SK & Bauer, JA (2001) Oxidative pathways in cardiovascular disease: roles, mechanisms, and therapeutic implications. Pharmacol Ther 89, 187–206.
Willerson, JT & Ridker, PM (2004) Inflammation as a cardiovascular risk factor. Circulation 109, 2–10.
Willett, W & Stampfer, MJ (1986) Total energy intake: implications for epidemiologic analyses. Am J Epidemiol 124, 17–27.