1 Booth, GL, Kapral, MK, Fung, K, et al. (2006) Relation between age and cardiovascular disease in men and women with diabetes compared with non-diabetic people: a population-based retrospective cohort study. Lancet 368, 29–36.
2 Soeters, MR, Sauerwein, HP, Groener, JE, et al. (2007) Gender-related differences in the metabolic response to fasting. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92, 3646–3652.
3 Laeger, T, Metges, CC & Kuhla, B (2010) Role of beta-hydroxybutyric acid in the central regulation of energy balance. Appetite 54, 450–455.
4 Taggart, AK, Kero, J, Gan, X, et al. (2005) (d)-beta-Hydroxybutyrate inhibits adipocyte lipolysis via the nicotinic acid receptor PUMA-G. J Biol Chem 280, 26649–26652.
5 Haymond, MW, Karl, IE, Clarke, WL, et al. (1982) Differences in circulating gluconeogenic substrates during short-term fasting in men, women, and children. Metabolism 31, 33–42.
6 Magkos, F, Patterson, BW, Mohammed, BS, et al. (2007) Women produce fewer but triglyceride-richer very low-density lipoproteins than men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92, 1311–1318.
7 Adiels, M, Taskinen, MR, Packard, C, et al. (2006) Overproduction of large VLDL particles is driven by increased liver fat content in man. Diabetologia 49, 755–765.
8 Humphreys, SM & Frayn, KN (1988) Micro-method for preparing perchloric extracts of blood. Clin Chem 34, 1657.
9 Bickerton, AS, Roberts, R, Fielding, BA, et al. (2007) Preferential uptake of dietary fatty acids in adipose tissue and muscle in the postprandial period. Diabetes 56, 168–176.
10 Beylot, M, Beaufrere, B, Normand, S, et al. (1986) Determination of human ketone body kinetics using stable-isotope labelled tracers. Diabetologia 29, 90–96.
11 Hodson, L, Bickerton, AS, McQuaid, SE, et al. (2007) The contribution of splanchnic fat to VLDL-triglyceride is greater in insulin resistant than insulin sensitive men and women: studies in the postprandial state. Diabetes 56, 2433–2441.
12 Wolfe, RR & Chinkes, D (2005) Isotope Tracers in Metabolic Research. Hoboken: John Wiley, Sons, Inc.
13 Hellerstein, MK, Christiansen, M, Kaempfer, S, et al. (1991) Measurement of de novo hepatic lipogenesis in humans using stable isotopes. J Clin Invest 87, 1841–1852.
14 Tan, GD, Neville, MJ, Liverani, E, et al. (2006) The in vivo effects of the Pro12Ala PPARgamma2 polymorphism on adipose tissue NEFA metabolism: the first use of the Oxford Biobank. Diabetologia 49, 158–168.
15 Havel, RJ, Kane, JP, Balasse, EO, et al. (1970) Splanchnic metabolism of free fatty acids and production of triglycerides of very low density lipoproteins in normotriglyceridemic and hypertriglyceridemic humans. J Clin Invest 49, 2017–2035.
16 Evans, K, Burdge, GC, Wootton, SA, et al. (2008) Tissue-specific stable isotope measurements of postprandial lipid metabolism in familial combined hyperlipidaemia. Atherosclerosis 197, 164–170.
17 Vice, E, Privette, JD, Hickner, RC, et al. (2005) Ketone body metabolism in lean and obese women. Metabolism 54, 1542–1545.
18 Burdge, GC & Wootton, SA (2003) Conversion of alpha-linolenic acid to palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic and oleic acids in men and women. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 69, 283–290.
19 Grey, NJ, Karl, I & Kipnis, DM (1975) Physiologic mechanisms in the development of starvation ketosis in man. Diabetes 24, 10–16.
20 Johnston, DG & Alberti, KG (1982) Hormonal control of ketone body metabolism in the normal and diabetic state. Clin Endocrinol Metab 11, 329–361.
21 Beylot, M, Picard, S, Chambrier, C, et al. (1991) Effect of physiological concentrations of insulin and glucagon on the relationship between nonesterified fatty acids availability and ketone body production in humans. Metabolism 40, 1138–1146.
22 Merimee, TJ & Fineberg, SE (1973) Homeostasis during fasting. II. Hormone substrate differences between men and women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 37, 698–702.
23 Keller, U, Gerber, PP & Stauffacher, W (1988) Fatty acid-independent inhibition of hepatic ketone body production by insulin in humans. Am J Physiol 254, E694–E699.
24 Miles, JM, Haymond, MW, Nissen, SL, et al. (1983) Effects of free fatty acid availability, glucagon excess, and insulin deficiency on ketone body production in postabsorptive man. J Clin Invest 71, 1554–1561.
25 Mittendorfer, B, Magkos, F, Fabbrini, E, et al. (2009) Relationship between body fat mass and free fatty acid kinetics in men and women. Obesity (Silver Spring) 17, 1872–1877.
26 Wilding, JP (2007) The importance of free fatty acids in the development of type 2 diabetes. Diabet Med 24, 934–945.
27 Gibbons, GF, Islam, K & Pease, RJ (2000) Mobilisation of triacylglycerol stores. Biochim Biophys Acta 1483, 37–57.
28 Avogaro, A, Nosadini, R, Bier, DM, et al. (1990) Ketone body kinetics in vivo using simultaneous administration of acetoacetate and 3-hydroxybutyrate labelled with stable isotopes. Acta Diabetol Lat 27, 41–51.