Alasia, A. (2010). Population change across Canadian communities, 1981 to 2006: The role of sector restructuring, agglomeration, diversification and human capital. Rural and Small Town Canada Analysis Bulletin (Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 21-006-X, Vol. 8, No. 4).
Alley, D., Liebig, P., Pynoos, J., Banerjee, T., & Choi, I.H. (2007). Creating elder-friendly communities: Preparing for an aging society. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 49, 1–18.
Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Becker, G. (2003). Meanings of place and displacement in three groups of older immigrants. Journal of Aging Studies, 17, 129–149.
Berke, E.M., Koepsell, T.D., Moudon, A.V., Hoskins, R.E., & Larson, E.B. (2007). Association of the built environment with physical activity and obesity in older persons. American Journal of Public Health, 97, 486–492.
Berkman, L.F., & Syme, S.L. (1979). Social networks, host resistance, and mortality: A nine-year follow-up study of Alameda County residents. American Journal of Epidemiology, 109, 186–204.
Binstock, R.H. (2000). Older people and voting participation: Past and future. The Gerontologist, 40, 18–41.
Bracken, L., & Oughton, E. (2006). What do you mean? The importance of language in developing interdisciplinary research. Transitions of the Institute of British Geographers, 31, 371–382.
Brierly, G., Fryirs, K., & Jain, V. (2006). Landscape connectivity: The geographic basis of geomorphic applications. Area, 38, 165–174.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist, 32, 513–531.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1994). Ecological models of human development. In Husen, T., & Poslethwaite, T. (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Education (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 1643–1647). New York: Elsevier Science.
Broome, K., McKenna, K., Fleming, J., & Worrall, L. (2009). Bus use and older people: A literature review applying the person-environment-occupation model in macro practice. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 16, 3–12.
Brownson, R.C., Baker, E.A., Housemann, R.A., Brennan, L.K., & Bacak, S.J. (2001). Environmental and policy determinants of physical activity in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 91, 1995–2003.
Buchanan, N., Barnett, R., Kingham, S., & Johnston, D. (2006). The effect of urban growth on commuting patterns in Christchurch, New Zealand. Journal of Transport Geography, 14, 342–354.
Burholt, V. (2006). Theoretical contexts of attachment to place for mature and older people in rural North Wales. Environment and Planning, 38, 1095–1114.
Butler-Jones, D. (2010). The Chief Public Health Officer’s Report on the State of Public Health in Canada, 2010: Growing Older – Adding Life to Years. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Public Health Agency of Canada.
Clark, C.R., Kawachi, I., Ryan, L., Ertel, K., Fay, M.E., & Berkman, L.F. (2009). Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: The hazards of poverty. BMC Public Health, 9, 162. doi:10, 1186/1471-2458-9-162.
Conor, O., Luanaigh, Y., & Lawlor, B.A. (2008). Loneliness and the health of older people. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23, 1213–1221.
Cranswick, K., & Dosman, D. (2008). Eldercare: What do we know? Canadian Social Trends (Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-008-x).
Creswell, J.W. (2008). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Dannenberg, A.L., Jackson, R.J., Frumkin, H., Schieber, R.A., Pratt, M., Kochtitzky, C., et al. . (2003). The impact of community design and land-use choices on public health: A scientific research agenda. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1500–1508.
Davey, J.A. (2007). Older people and transport: Coping without a car. Ageing & Society, 27, 49–65.
Dekker, K. (2010). Social capital, neighbourhood attachment and participation in distressed urban areas: A case study in The Hague and Utrecht, the Netherlands. Housing Studies, 22, 355–379.
Denton, M., Ploeg, J., Tindale, J., Hutchison, B., Brazil, K., Akhtar-Danesh, N., et al. . (2008). Where would you turn for help? Older adults’ awareness of community support services. Canadian Journal on Aging, 27, 359–370.
Dickerson, A.E., Molnar, L.J., Eby, D.W., Adler, G., Bedard, M., Berg-Weger, M., et al. . (2007). Transportation and aging: A research agenda for advancing safe mobility. The Gerontologist, 47, 578–590.
Diez Roux, A.V., Borrell, L.N., Haan, M., Jackson, S.A., & Schultz, R. (2004). Neighbourhood environments and mortality in an elderly cohort: Results from the cardiovascular health study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 58, 917–923.
DiPietro, L. (2001). Physical activity in aging: Changes in patterns and their relationship to health and function. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Medical Sciences, 56, 13–22.
du Plessis, V., Beshiri, R., Bollman, R.D., & Clemenson, H. (2002). Definitions of rural. Agriculture and Rural Working Paper Series (Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 21-601-MIE-No. 061).
Eales, J., Keefe, J., & Keating, J. (2008). In Keating, N. (Ed.), Rural Aging: A Good Place to Grow Old? (pp. 109–120). Bristol, England: Policy Press.
Edwards, K., & McCluskey, A. (2010). A survey of adult power wheelchair and scooter users. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 5, 411–419.
Evans, S. (2009). “That lot up there and us down here”: Social integration and a sense of community in a mixed tenure UK retirement village. Ageing and Society, 29, 199–216.
Evans, R.G., & Stoddart, G.L. (1990). Producing health, consuming health care. Social Science & Medicine, 31, 1347–1363.
Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers Responsible for Seniors. (2007). Age-Friendly Rural and Remote Communities: A Guide. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Public Health Agency of Canada, Division of Aging and Seniors.
Federal/Provincial/Territorial Working Group on Healthy Aging. (2009). Healthy Aging in Canada: A New Vision, A Vital Investment. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Division of Aging and Seniors.
Feldman, P.H., & Oberlink, M.R. (2003). The AdvantAge Initiative: Developing community indicators to promote the health and well-being of older people. Family and Community Health, 26, 268–274.
Field, J. (2003). Social Capital, Key Ideas. London: Routledge.
Fisher, K.J., Li, F., & Cleveland, M. (2004). Neighborhood level influences on physical activity among older adults: A multilevel analysis. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 12, 45–63.
Fonda, S.J., Wallace, R.B., & Herzog, A.R. (2001). Changes in driving patterns and worsening depressive symptoms among older adults. Journal of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 56, S343–S351.
Frank, L.D., Greenwald, M.J., Winkelman, S., Chapman, J., & Kavage, S. (2010). Carbonless footprints: Promoting health and climate stabilization through active transportation. Preventive Medicine, 50, S99–S105.
Giles-Corti, B. (2006). People or places: What should be the target? Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 9, 357–366.
Gitlin, L. (2003). Conducting research on home environments: Lessons learned and new directions. The Gerontologist, 43, 628–637.
Golant, S. (2003). Conceptualizing time and behaviour in environmental gerontology: A pair of old issues deserving new thought. The Gerontologist, 43, 638–648.
Green, L.W., Richard, L., & Potvin, L. (1996). Ecological foundations of health promotion. American Journal of Health Promotion, 10, 270–281.
Grenade, L., & Boldy, D. (2008). Social isolation and loneliness among older people: Issues and future challenges in community and residential settings. Australian Health Review, 32, 468–478.
Grzywacz, J.G., & Fuqua, J. (2000). The social ecology of health: Leverage points and linkages. Behavioral Medicine, 26, 101–115.
Hanson, D., & Emlet, C.A. (2006). Assessing a community’s elder friendliness: A case example of the AdvantAge Initiative. Family and Community Health, 29, 266–278.
Havens, B. (1995). Long-term care diversity within the care continuum. Canadian Journal on Aging, 14, 245–262.
Hess, D.B. (2009). Access to public transit and its influence on ridership for older adults in two U. S. cities. Journal of Transport and Land Use, 2, 3–27.
Hendricks, J., Applebaum, R., & Kunkel, S. (2010). A world apart? Bridging the gap between theory and applied social gerontology. The Gerontologist, 50, 284–293.
Irwin, E.G., & Bockstael, N.E. (2007). The evolution of urban sprawl: Evidence of spatial heterogeneity and increasing land fragmentation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104, 20672–20677.
Jacobs, J. (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Vintage.
Kawachi, I., & Berkman, L.F. (2003). Neighborhoods and Health. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Keating, N., & Phillips, J. (2008). A critical ecology perspective on rural ageing. In Keating, N. (Ed.), Rural Ageing: A Good Place to Grow Old? (pp. 1–10). Bristol, England: Policy Press.
Kendig, H. (2003). Directions in environmental gerontology: A multidisciplinary field. The Gerontologist, 43, 611–615.
Lawlor, D.A., Davey, S.G., Patel, R., & Ebrahim, S. (2005). Life-course socioeconomic position, area deprivation, and coronary heart disease: Findings from the British women’s heart and health study. American Journal of Public Health, 95, 91–97.
Lawton, M.P. (1999). Environmental taxonomy: Generalizations from research with older adults. In Friedman, S.L., & Wachs, T.D. (Eds.), Measuring Environment Across the Life Span: Emerging Methods and Concepts (pp. 91–124). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Lawton, M.P., & Nahemow, L. (1973). Ecology and the aging process. In Eisdorfer, C., & Lawton, M.P. (Eds.), The Psychology of Aging and Adult Development (pp. 619–674). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Lehning, A., Chun, Y., & Scharlach, A. (2007). Structural barriers to developing ‘aging-friendly’ communities. Public Policy & Aging Report, 17, 15–20.
Lehning, A.J., Scharlach, A.E., & Dal Santo, T.S. (2010). A web-based approach for helping communities become more “aging friendly.” Journal of Applied Gerontology, 29, 415–433.
Leroy, K.R., Bibeau, D., Steckler, A., & Glanz, K. (1988). An ecological perspective on health promotion programs. Health Education Behavior, 15, 351–377.
Li, F., Fisher, J., Brownson, R.C., & Bosworth, M. (2005). Multilevel modeling of built environment characteristics related to neighborhood walking activity in older adults. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59, 558–564.
Lui, C.W., Everingham, J.A., Warburton, J., Cuthill, M., & Bartlett, H. (2009). What makes a community age-friendly: A review of the international literature. Australasian Journal on Aging, 28, 116–121.
Luptak, M., Dailey, N., Juretic, M., Rupper, R., Hill, R.D., Hicken, B.L., et al. . (2010). The care coordination home telehealth (CCHT) rural demonstration project: A symptom-based approach for serving older veterans in remote geographical settings. Rural and Remote Health, 10, 1375. : http://www.rrh.org.au/home/defaultnew.asp
Manitoba Highways and Transportation. (2001). Traffic Collision Statistics Report. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada: Manitoba Highways and Transportation.
Marottoli, R.A. (2000). Consequences of driving cessation: Decreased out-of-home activity levels. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 55, S334–S340.
Marottoli, R.A., Mendes de Leon, C.F., Glass, T.A., Williams, C.S., Cooney, L.M. Jr., Berkman, L.F., et al. . (1997). Driving cessation and increased depressive symptoms: Prospective evidence from the New Haven EPESE. Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 45, 202–206.
Martinson, M., & Minkler, M. (2006). Civic engagement and older adults: A critical perspective. The Gerontologist, 46, 318–324.
McLeroy, K. R., Bibeau, D., Steckler, A. & Glanz, K. (1988). An ecological perspective on health promotion programs. Health Education Quarterly, 15, 351–377.
Means, R., & Smith, R. (1988). Implementing a pluralistic approach to evaluation in health education. Policy and Politics, 16, 17–28.
Menec, V.H., Shooshtari, S., Nowicki, S., & Fournier, S. (2010). Does the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic status and health persist into very old age: A population-based study. Journal of Aging and Health, 22, 27–47.
Michael, Y.L., Green, M.K., & Farquhar, S.A. (2006). Neighborhood design and active aging. Health & Place, 12, 734–740.
Nagel, C.L., Carlson, N.E., Bosworth, M., & Michael, Y.L. (2008). The relation between neighborhood built environment and walking activity among older adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 168, 461–468.
Narayanan, A., Jain, A., & Bouder, B. (2005). Providing rural connectivity infrastructure: ICT diffusion through private sector participation. International Journal of Services Technology and Management, 6, 415–436.
Nichols, T.A., Rogers, W.A., & Fisk, A.D. (2006). Design for aging. In Salvendy, G. (Ed.), Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics (3rd ed., pp. 1418–1445). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Phillipson, C. (2007). The ‘elected’ and the ‘excluded’: Sociological perspective on the experience of place and community in old age. Ageing and Society, 27, 321–342.
Pucher, J., & Dijkstra, L. (2003). Promoting safe walking and cycling to improve public health: Lessons from the Netherlands and Germany. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1509–1516.
Putnam, D. (2000). Bowling Alone. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Randall, R.A., & Baetz, B.W. (2001). Evaluating pedestrian connectivity for suburban sustainability. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 127, 1–15.
Rosenbloom, S. (2001). Sustainability and automobility among the elderly: An international assessment. Transportation, 28, 375–408.
Rozanova, J., Dosman, D., & de Jong Gierveld, J. (2008). Participation in rural contexts: Community matters. In Keating, N. (Ed.), Rural Aging: A Good Place to Grow Old? (pp. 75–86). Bristol, UK: Policy Press.
Saelens, B.E., & Handy, S.L. (2008). Built environment correlates of walking: A review. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 40, S550–S566.
Sallis, J.E., Cervero, R.B., Ascher, W., Henderson, K.A., Kraft, M.K., & Kerr, J. (2006). An ecological approach to creating active living communities. Annual Review of Public Health, 27, 297–322.
Scharf, T., & Bartlam, B. (2006). Rural Disadvantage: Quality of Life and Disadvantage Amongst Older People – A Pilot Study. London: Commission for Rural Communities.
Scharf, T., & Bartlam, B. (2008). Ageing and social exclusion in rural communities. In Keating, N. (Ed.), Rural Ageing: A Good Place to Grow Old? (pp. 97–108). Bristol, England: Policy Press.
Scharf, T., Phillipson, C., & Smith, A. (2004). Poverty and social exclusion: Growing older in deprived urban neighbourhoods. In Walker, A., & Hennessy, C. (Eds.), Growing Older: Quality of Life in Old Age (pp. 81–106). Maidenhead, England: Open University Press.
Schieber, F. (2006). Vision and aging. In Birren, J.E., & Schaie, K.W. (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (6th ed., pp. 129–161). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.
Scott, M., & Murray, M. (2010). Housing rural communities: Connecting rural dwellings to rural development in Ireland. Housing Studies, 24, 755–774.
Shergold, I., & Parkhurst, G. (2010). Operationalising “sustainable mobility”: The case of transport policy for older citizens in rural areas. Journal of Transport Geography, 18, 336–339.
Shigematsu, R., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Cain, K.L., et al. . (2009). Age differences in the relation of perceived neighborhood environment to walking. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 41, 314–321.
Smith, A. (2009). Ageing in Urban Neighbourhoods: Place Attachment and Social Exclusion. Bristol, England: Policy Press.
Special Senate Committee on Aging. (2009). Canada’s Aging Population: Seizing the Opportunity. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: The Senate.
Spencer, L., & Pahl, R. (2006). Rethinking Friendship: Hidden Solidarities Today. Princetown, England: Princetown University Press.
Srinivasan, S., Liam, R., O’Fallon, L.R., & Dearry, A. (2003). Creating healthy communities, healthy homes, healthy people: Initiating a research agenda on the built environment and public health. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1446–1450.
Stokols, D. (1992). Establishing and maintaining healthy environments: Toward a social ecology of health promotion. American Psychologist, 47, 6–22.
Stokols, D. (1996). Translating social ecological theory into guidelines for community health promotion. American Journal of Health Promotion, 10, 282–298.
Thornton, R., & Light, L.L. (2006). Language comprehension and production in normal aging. In Birren, J.E., & Schaie, K.W. (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (6th ed., pp. 261–287). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.
Travisi, C.M., Camagni, R., & Nijkamp, P. (2010). Impacts of urban sprawl and commuting: A modelling study for Italy. Journal of Transport Geography, 18, 382–392.
Veenhof, B., & Timusk, P. (2009). Online activities of Canadian boomers and seniors. Canadian Social Trends (Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-008-x).
Wahl, H.W. (2003). Environmental gerontology at the beginning of the new millennium: Reflections on its historical, empirical, and theoretical developments. The Gerontologist, 43, 616–627.
Webber, S.C., Porter, M.M., & Menec, V.H. (2010). Mobility in older adults: A comprehensive framework. The Gerontologist, 50, 443–450.
Weiner, B. (1995). Judgements of Responsibility: A Foundation for a Theory of Social Conduct. New York: Guilford Press.
Wiles, J.L., Allen, R.E.S., Palmer, A.J., Hayman, K.J., Keeling, S., & Kerse, N. (2009). Older people and their social spaces: A study of well-being and attachment to place in Aotearoa New Zealand. Social Science & Medicine, 68, 664–671.
Woolcock, M. (2001). The place of social capital in understanding social and economic outcomes. ISUMA: Canadian Journal of Policy Research, 2, 1–17.
World Health Organization (WHO). (2001). International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps: A Manual of Classification Relating to the Consequences of Disease. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
World Health Organization (WHO). (2002). Active Aging: A Policy Framework. Madrid, Spain: Second United Nations World Assembly on Ageing.
World Health Organization (WHO). (2007). Global Age-Friendly Cities: A Guide. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
Yeom, H.A., Keller, C., & Fleury, J. (2009). Interventions for promoting mobility in community-dwelling older adults. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 21, 95–100.
Yoon, C., Cole, C.A., & Lee, M.P. (2009). Consumer decision making and aging: Current knowledge and future directions. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 19, 2–16.