Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Effet paradoxal du vieillissement sur des tâches de mémoire prospective time-based en situation de laboratoire et en milieu naturel : Rôle des fonctions exécutives

  • Barbara Azzopardi (a1), Caroline Auffray (a2) and Christophe Kermarrec (a2)
Abstract

The current study investigates the specific role of three executive functions in the explanation of performance variability on laboratory and naturalistic time-based prospective memory tasks in aging. Ninety people aged 18 to 80 years performed three executive tasks assessing inhibition, flexibility and updating, one laboratory time-based task and one naturalistic time-based task. The results indicate that age has a negative impact on the laboratory time-based task and a positive impact on the naturalistic task. The mediation analysis shows that inhibition and flexibility operate as a mediator in the negative relationship between age and the laboratory time-based task. Additionally, the hierarchical regression analyses show that, after controlling for age, none of the executive functions evaluated is predictive of performance of the naturalistic time-based task. Overall, these results seem to suggest that different cognitive processes underlie the performance on naturalistic and on laboratory time-based tasks. Future studies should confirm these results.

Cette recherche étudie le rôle spécifique de trois fonctions exécutives dans l’explication des différences de performances à des tâches de mémoire prospective time-based conduites en laboratoire et en milieu naturel au cours du vieillissement. Quatre-vingt-dix adultes âgés de 18 à 80 ans ont effectué trois tâches évaluant l’inhibition, la flexibilité et la mise à jour, une tâche time-based de laboratoire et une tâche time-based naturelle. Les résultats ont montré que l’âge a un effet négatif sur la tâche time-based de laboratoire et un effet positif sur la tâche naturelle. L’inhibition et la flexibilité médiatisent totalement l’effet de l’âge sur la performance à la tâche de laboratoire. Par ailleurs, après contrôle des effets de l’âge, aucune des fonctions exécutives évaluées n’est prédictrice de la performance à la tâche naturelle. Ces résultats semblent suggérer que les performances à des tâches time-based de laboratoire et naturelles pourraient être sous-tendues par des processus cognitifs différents. Des études futures devraient permettre de confirmer ces résultats.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Effet paradoxal du vieillissement sur des tâches de mémoire prospective time-based en situation de laboratoire et en milieu naturel : Rôle des fonctions exécutives
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Effet paradoxal du vieillissement sur des tâches de mémoire prospective time-based en situation de laboratoire et en milieu naturel : Rôle des fonctions exécutives
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Effet paradoxal du vieillissement sur des tâches de mémoire prospective time-based en situation de laboratoire et en milieu naturel : Rôle des fonctions exécutives
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*La correspondance et les demandes de tirés à part doivent être adressées à : / Correspondence and requests for offprints should be sent to: Barbara Azzopardi (centre PsyClé) Aix-Marseille Université, 29 Avenue Robert Schuman, 13100 Aix-en-Provence, France (barbara.azzopardi@gmail.com)
References
Hide All
Aberle, I., Rendell, P. G., Rose, N. S., McDaniel, M. A., & Kliegel, M. (2010). The age prospective memory paradox: Young adults may not give their best outside of the lab. Developmental Psychology, 46(6), 14441453.
Arbuthnott, K. & Frank, J. (2000). Trail making test, part B as a measure of executive control: validation using a set-switching paradigm. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology (Neuropsychology, Development and Cognition: Section A), 22(4), 518528.
Bailey, P. E., Henry, J. D., Rendell, P. G., Phillips, L. H., & Kliegel, M. (2010). Dismantling the “age–prospective memory paradox”: The classic laboratory paradigm simulated in a naturalistic setting. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63(4), 646652.
Baron, R. M. & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 11731182.
Bayard, S., Erkes, J., et Moroni, C. (2009). Test du Stroop VictoriaAdaptation francophone : Matériel, consignes, procédure de cotation et données normatives. Retrieved from http://nca.recherche.univ-lille3.fr/uploads/File/f-SV%20_Bayard%20Erkes%20Moroni%20-%20nov09_%20Manuel.pdf.
Braver, T. S. & West, R. (2008). Working memory, executive control, and aging. In Craik, F. I. M. & Salthouse, T. A. (Eds.), The handbook of aging and cognition. (3rd ed., pp. 311372). New York, NY: Psychology Press.
Christensen, H., Mackinnon, A. J., Korten, A. E., Jorm, A. F., Henderson, A. S., Jacomb, P., et al. (1999). An analysis of diversity in the cognitive performance of elderly community dwellers: Individual differences in change scores as a function of age. Psychology and Aging, 14(3), 365379.
Cona, G., Arcara, G., Tarantino, V., & Bisiacchi, P. S. (2012). Age-related differences in the neural correlates of remembering time-based intentions. Neuropsychologia, 50(11), 26922704.
Craik, F. I. M. & Salthouse, T. A. (2007). The handbook of aging and cognition (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Psychology Press.
Craik, F. I. M. (1986). Human memory and cognitive capabilities. Mechanisms and performances. In Klix, F. & Hagendorf, H. (Eds.), A functional account of age differences in memory (pp. 395422). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers.
Cuttler, C. & Graf, P. (2007). Personality predicts prospective memory task performance: An adult lifespan study. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 48(3), 215231.
Einstein, G. O. & McDaniel, M. A. (1990). Normal aging and prospective memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 16(4), 717726.
Einstein, G. O., McDaniel, M. A., Richardson, S. L., Guynn, M. J., & Cunfer, A. R. (1995). Aging and prospective memory: Examining the influences of self-initiated retrieval processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 21(4), 9961007.
Folstein, M. F., Folstein, S. E., & McHugh, P. R. (1975). “Mini-mental state.” A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of psychiatric research, 12(3), 189198.
Gonneaud, J., Kalpouzos, G., Bon, L., Viader, F., Eustache, F., & Desgranges, B. (2011). Distinct and shared cognitive functions mediate event- and time-based prospective memory impairment in normal ageing. Memory, 19(4), 360377.
Henry, J. D., MacLeod, M. S., Phillips, L. H., & Crawford, J. R. (2004). A meta-analytic review of prospective memory and aging. Psychology and Aging, 19(1), 2739.
Hull, R., Martin, R. C., Beier, M. E., Lane, D., & Hamilton, A. C. (2008). Executive function in older adults: A structural equation modeling approach. Neuropsychology, 22(4), 508522.
Huppert, F. A., Johnson, T., & Nickson, J. (2000). High prevalence of prospective memory impairment in the elderly and in early-stage dementia: Findings from a population-based study. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 14(7), S63S81.
Kliegel, M., Mackinlay, R., & Jäger, T. (2008). Complex prospective memory: Development across the lifespan and the role of task interruption. Developmental Psychology, 44(2), 612617.
Martin, M., Kliegel, M., & McDaniel, M. A. (2003). The involvement of executive functions in prospective memory performance of adults. International Journal of Psychology, 38(4), 195206.
Masumoto, K., Nishimura, C., Tabuchi, M., & Fujita, A. (2011). What factors influence prospective memory for elderly people in a naturalistic setting?: Naturalistic study of prospective memory. Japanese Psychological Research, 53(1), 3041.
McDowd, J. M. & Hoffman, L. (2008). Challenges in attention. Measures, methods, and applications. In Hofer, S. M. & Alwin, D. F. (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive aging: Interdisciplinary perspectives (pp. 122133). Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.
McFarland, C. P. & Glisky, E. L. (2009). Frontal lobe involvement in a task of time-based prospective memory. Neuropsychologia, 47(7), 16601669.
Meacham, J. A. & Singer, J. (1977). Incentive effects in prospective remembering. The Journal of Psychology, 97(2), 191197.
Mioni, G. & Stablum, F. (2014). Monitoring behaviour in a time-based prospective memory task: The involvement of executive functions and time perception. Memory, 22(5), 536552.
Miyake, A. (2000). The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex “frontal lobe” tasks: A latent variable analysis. Cognitive Psychology, 41(1), 49100.
Monsell, S. (2005). The chronometrics of task-set control. In Duncan, J., McLeod, P., & Phillips, L. (Eds.), Measuring the mind: Speed, control, and age (1st ed., pp. 161190). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Niedźwieńska, A. & Barzykowski, K. (2012). The age prospective memory paradox within the same sample in time-based and event-based tasks. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 19(1–2), 5883.
Phillips, L. H., Henry, J. D., & Martin, M. (2008). Adult aging and prospective memory: The importance of ecological validity. In Kliegel, M., McDaniel, M. A., & Einstein, G. O. (Eds.), Prospective memory: Cognitive, neuroscience, developmental, and applied perspectives (pp. 161185). New York, NY: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Preacher, K. J. & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40(3), 879891.
Rendell, P. G. & Craik, F. I. M. (2000). Virtual week and actual week: Age-related differences in prospective memory. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 14(7), S43S62.
Rendell, P. G. & Thomson, D. M. (1999). Aging and prospective memory: Differences between naturalistic and laboratory tasks. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 54B(4), P256P269.
Salthouse, T. A., Berish, D. E., & Siedlecki, K. L. (2004). Construct validity and age sensitivity of prospective memory. Memory & Cognition, 32(7), 11331148.
Sánchez-Cubillo, I., Periáñez, J. A., Adrover-Roig, D., Rodríguez-Sánchez, J. M., Ríos-Lago, M., Tirapu, J., et al. (2009). Construct validity of the Trail Making Test: Role of task-switching, working memory, inhibition/interference control, and visuomotor abilities. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 15(03), 438.
Schnitzspahn, K. M., Ihle, A., Henry, J. D., Rendell, P. G., & Kliegel, M. (2011). The age-prospective memory-paradox: An exploration of possible mechanisms. International Psychogeriatrics, 23(04), 583592.
Schnitzspahn, K. M., Stahl, C., Zeintl, M., Kaller, C. P., & Kliegel, M. (2013). The role of shifting, updating, and inhibition in prospective memory performance in young and older adults. Developmental Psychology, 49(8), 15441553.
Smith, R. E. (2003). The cost of remembering to remember in event-based prospective memory: Investigating the capacity demands of delayed intention performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 29(3), 347361.
Smith, R. E. & Bayen, U. J. (2004). A multinomial model of event-based prospective memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 30(4), 756777.
Uttl, B. (2011). Transparent meta-analysis: Does aging spare prospective memory with focal vs. non-focal cues? PLoS ONE, 6(2), e16618.
Voigt, B., Mahy, C. E. V., Ellis, J., Schnitzspahn, K., Krause, I., Altgassen, M., et al. (2014). The development of time-based prospective memory in childhood: The role of working memory updating. Developmental Psychology, 50(10), 23932404.
West, R., Murphy, K. J., Armilio, M. L., Craik, F. I. M., & Stuss, D. T. (2002). Lapses of intention and performance variability reveal age-related increases in fluctuations of executive control. Brain and Cognition, 49(3), 402419.
Zeintl, M., Kliegel, M. & Hofer, S. M. (2007). The role of processing resources in age-related prospective and retrospective memory within old age. Psychology and Aging, 22(4), 826834.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Canadian Journal on Aging / La Revue canadienne du vieillissement
  • ISSN: 0714-9808
  • EISSN: 1710-1107
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-on-aging-la-revue-canadienne-du-vieillissement
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed