Bernhard, B. J., Dickens, D. R., & Shapiro, P. D. (2007). Gambling alone? A study of solitary and social gambling in America. UNLV Gaming Research and Review Journal, 11(2), 1–13.
Bjelde, K., Chromy, B., & Pankow, D. (2008). Casino gambling among older adults in North Dakota: A policy analysis. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24, 423–440. doi: 10.1007/s10899-008-9102-z Botterill, E., Gill, P. R., McLaren, S., & Gomez, R. (2016). Marital status and problem gambling among Australian older adults: The mediating role of loneliness. Journal of Gambling Studies, 32(3), 1027–1038. doi: 10.1007/s10899-015-9575-5
Brown, S., & Coventry, L. (1997). Queen of hearts: The needs of women with gambling problems. Melbourne, AUS: Financial & Consumer Rights Council.
Chipperfield, J. G., & Havens, B. (2001). Gender differences in the relationship between marital status transitions and life satisfaction in later life. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 56(3), 176–186. doi: 10.1093/geronb/56.3.P176 Cohen-Mansfield, J., Hazan, H., Lerman, Y., & Shalom, V. (2016). Correlates and predictors of loneliness in older-adults: A review of quantitative results informed by qualitative insights. International Psychogeriatrics, 28(4), 557–576. doi: 10.1017/S1041610215001532
Currie, S. R., Casey, D. M., & Hodgins, D. C. (2010). Improving the psychometric properties of the Problem Gambling Severity Index. Canadian Consortium for Gambling Research.
Currie, S. R., Hodgins, D. C., Wang, J. L., el-Guebaly, N., Wynne, H., & Chen, S. (2006). Risk of harm among gamblers in the general population as a function of level of participation in gambling activities. Addiction, 101(4), 570–580. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2006.01392.x Dykstra, P. A., & de Jong Gierveld, J. (2004). Gender and marital-history differences in emotional and social loneliness among Dutch older adults. Canadian Journal of Aging, 23, 141–155. doi: 10.1353/cja.2004.0018 Dykstra, P. A., Van Tilburg, T. G., & de Jong Gierveld, J. (2005). Changes in older adult loneliness: Results from a seven-year longitudinal study. Research on Aging, 27(6), 725–747. doi: 10.1177/0164027505279712 Ferreira-Alves, J., Magalhães, P., Viola, L., & Simoes, R. (2014). Loneliness in middle and old age: Demographics, perceived health, and social satisfaction as predictors. Archives of Gerontology, 59(3), 613–623. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2014.06.010
Ferris, J., & Wynne, H. (2001). The Canadian problem gambling index: Final report. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse.
Gilmour, H. (2012). Social participation and the health and well-being of Canadian seniors. Health Reports, 23(4), 23–32.
Grant Stitt, B., Giacopassi, D., & Nicols, M. (2003). Gambling among older adults: A comparative analysis. Experimental Aging Research, 29, 189–203. doi: 10.1080/03610730303713
Griffiths, M. D., & Parke, J. (2003). The environmental psychology of gambling. In Reith, G. (Ed.), Gambling: who wins? Who loses? (pp. 277–292). New York, NY: Prometheus Books.
Hall, M., & Havens, B. (1999). The effect of social isolation and loneliness on the health of older women. Winnipeg, MB: University of Manitoba.
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Hayes, A. F., & Preacher, K. J. (2014). Statistical mediation analysis with a multicategorical independent variable. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 67(3), 451–470. doi: 10.1111/bmsp.12028
Hing, N., Russell, A., Tolchard, B., & Nower, L. (2014). A comparative study of men and women gamblers in Victoria. North Melbourne, AUS: Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation.
Hirsch, P. (2000). Seniors and gambling: exploring the issues: Summary report. Edmonton, AB: Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission.
Hirshorn, B. A., Young, C. A., & Bernhard, B. J. (2007). Factors associated with recreational gambling frequency among older adults. International Gambling Studies, 7(3), 345–360. doi: 10.1080/14459790701601513
Human Resources and Skills Development Canada [HRSDC]. (2016a). Canadians in context - aging population. Ottawa, ON: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada.
Human Resources and Skills Development Canada [HRSDC]. (2016b). Canadians in context - population size and growth. Ottawa, ON, Canada: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada.
Kerber, C., Adelman-Mullally, T., Kim, M., & Schafer Astroth, K. (2015). The impact of disordered gambling among older adults. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 53(10), 41–47. doi: 10.3928/02793695-20150923-03 Kim, J., & Moen, P. (2002). Retirement transitions, gender, and psychological well-being: A life-course, ecological model. The Journal of Gerontology, 57, 212–222. doi: 10.1093/geronb/57.3.P212 Kobayashi, K. M., Cloutier-Fisher, D., & Roth, M. (2008). Making meaningful connections: A profile of social isolation and health among older adults in small town and small city, British Columbia. Journal of Aging and Health, 21(2), 374–397. doi: 10.1177/0898264308329022 Ladd, G. T., Molina, C. A., Kerins, G. J., & Petry, N. M. (2003). Gambling participation and problems among older adults. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 16, 172–177. doi: 10.1177/0891988703255692 Loroz, P. S. (2004). Golden-age gambling: Psychological benefits and self-concept dynamics in aging consumers’ consumption experiences. Psychology of Marketing, 21(5), 323–349. doi: 10.1002/mar.20008
MacLaren, V. V., Ellery, M., & Knoll, T. (2014). Gambling motives and cognitive distortions mediate effects of personality on problem gambling in electronic gambling machine player. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Gambling Research Program.
MacLaren, V. V., Fugelsang, J. A., Harrigan, K. A., & Dixon, M. J. (2012). Effects of impulsivity, reinforcement sensitivity, and cognitive style on pathological gambling symptoms among frequent slot machine players. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 390–394. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2011.10.044 McCready, J., Mann, R. E., Turner, N. E., Hamilton, H., Schrans, T., & Ialomiteanu, A. (2014). Seniors’ gambling in Ontario: An assessment of gambling and problem gambling among older adults who patronize Ontario casinos. Available at https://dataverse.scholarsportal.info/dataset.xhtml?persistentId=hdl:10864/10807 McCready, J., Mann, R. E., Zhao, J., Birchall, E., & Eves, R. (2010). Gambling and seniors: Sociodemographic and mental health factors associated with problem gambling in older adults in Canada. Toronto, ON: Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre. Available at http://www.greo.ca/Modules/EvidenceCentre/files/McCready%20et%20al%282010%29Gambling_and_seniors.pdf
McCready, J., Mann, R. E., Zhao, J., & Eves, R. (2005). Seniors and gambling: Sociodemographic and mental health factors associated with problem gambling in older adults in Ontario. Toronto, ON: Community Outreach Programs in Addictions.
McCready, J., Mann, R. E., Zhao, J., & Eves, R. (2008). Correlates of gambling-related problems among older adults in Ontario. Journal of Gambling Issues, 22, 174–194. doi: 10.4309/jgi.2008.22.3 McNeilly, D. P., & Burke, W. J. (2000). Late life gambling: The attitudes and behaviors of older adults. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16, 393–415. doi: 10.1023/A:1009432223369
McQuade, A., & Gill, P. (2012). The role of loneliness and self-control in predicting problem gambling behaviour. Gambling Research, 24(1), 18–30.
Mishra, S., Morgan, M., Lalumiere, M. L., & Williams, R. J. (2010). Mood and audience effects on video lottery terminal gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 26(3), 373–386. doi: 10.1007/s10899-009-9158-4 Newall, N. E. G., Chipperfield, J. G., & Bailis, D. S. (2014). Predicting stability and change in loneliness in later life. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 31(3), 335–351. doi: 10.1177/0265407513494951 Parekh, R., & Morano, C. (2009). Senior gambling: Risk or reward? Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 52, 686–694. doi: 10.1080/01634370802716224 Petry, N. M. (2002). A comparison of young, middle-aged, and older adult treatment-seeking pathological gamblers. The Gerontologist, 42(1), 92–99. doi: 10.1093/geront/42.1.92 Philippe, F., & Vallerand, R. J. (2007). Prevalence rates of gambling problems in Montreal, Canada: A look at old adults and the role of passion. Journal of Gambling Studies, 23, 275–283. doi: 10.1007/s10899-006-9038-0 Pietrzak, R. H., & Petry, N. M. (2006). Severity of gambling problems and psychosocial functioning in older adults. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 19(2), 106–113. doi: 10.1177/0891988706286508
Pilver, C. E., & Potenza, M. N. (2013). Increased incidence of cardiovascular conditions among older adults with pathological gambling features in a prospective study. Journal of Addictive Medicine, 7(6), 387–393.
Pinquart, M. (2003). Loneliness in married, widowed, divorced, and never-married older adults. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 20(1), 31–53. doi: 10.1177/02654075030201002 Rockloff, M. J., & Greer, N. (2011). Audience influence on EGM gambling: The protective effects of having others watch you play. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27(3), 443–451. doi: 10.1007/s10899-010-9213-1 Ryan, M. C. (1996). Loneliness, social support and depression as interactive variables with cognitive status: Testing Roy’s model. Nursing Science Quarterly, 9(3), 107–114. doi: 10.1177/089431849600900309 Sampson, R. J., Laub, J. H., & Wimer, C. (2006). Does marriage reduce crime? A counterfactual approach to within-individual causal effects. Criminology, 44(3), 465–508. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2006.00055.x
Schellinck, T., Schrans, T., Walsh, G., & Grace, J. (2002). Seniors Survey – Prevalence of substance use and gambling among New Brunswick adults aged 55+. Halifax, NS: New Brunswick Department of Health and Wellness: Focal Research Consultants Ltd.
Tira, C., Jackson, A. C., & Tomnay, J. E. (2014). Pathways to late-life problematic gambling in seniors: A grounded theory approach. The Gerontologist, 54(6), 1035–1048. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnt107 Tse, S., Hong, S., & Ng, K. (2013). Estimating the prevalence of problem gambling among older adults in Singapore. Psychiatry Research, 210, 607–611. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2013.06.017 Tse, S., Hong, S. I., Wang, C. W., & Cunningham-Williams, R. M. (2012). Gambling behaviour and problems among older adults: A systematic review of empirical studies. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67(5), 639–652. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbs068
Umberson, D. (1987). Family status and health behaviors: Social control as a dimension of social integration. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 28(3), 306–319.
Umberson, D. (1992). Gender, marital status and the social control of health behavior. Social Science and Medicine, 34(8), 907–917. doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(92)90259-S
Umberson, D., Crosnoe, R., & Reczek, C. (2010). Social relationships and health behavior across the life course. Annual Review of Sociology, 36, 139–157.
Victor, C. R., Scambler, S. J., Bowling, A. N. N., & Bond, J. (2005). The prevalence of, and risk factors for, loneliness in later life: A survey of older people in Great Britain. Ageing and Society, 25(6), 357–375. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X04003332 Victor, C. R., & Yang, K. (2012). The prevalence of loneliness among adults: A case study of the United Kingdom. The Journal of Psychology, 146(1-2), 85–104. doi: 10.1080/00223980.2011.613875 Welte, J., Wieczorek, W. F., Barnes, G. M., & Tidwell, M. (2006). Multiple risk factors for pathological gambling: Individual, social, and ecological. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36, 1545–1565. doi: 10.1111/j.0021-9029.2006.00071.x
Wiebe, J. (2002). Gambling behaviour and factors associated with problem gambling among older adults [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB.
Wiebe, J., Single, E., & Falkowski-Ham, A. (2001). Measuring gambling and problem gambling in Ontario. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, Responsible Gambling Council (Ontario).
Wiebe, J., Single, E., Falkowski-Ham, A., & Mun, P. (2004). Gambling and problem gambling among older adults in Ontario. Toronto, ON: Responsible Gambling Council.
Zaranek, R. R., & Lichtenberg, P. A. (2008). Urban elders and casino gambling: Are they at risk of a gambling problem? Journal of Aging Studies, 22, 13–23. doi: 10.1016/j.jaging.2007.11.001