Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Perspective écologique sur les déterminants de la vitalité cognitive des aînés

  • Anne-Marie Belley (a1), Manon Parisien (a1) (a2), Kareen Nour (a3), Nathalie Bier (a2), Guylaine Ferland (a4) (a5), Danielle Guay (a1), Petre Popov (a1) and Sophie Laforest (a1) (a6) (a7)...
Abstract

Cognitive aging is a heterogeneous reality among the senior population. Studies have recently identified certain factors that may contribute to maintaining the cognitive health of seniors. To date, these research studies have primarily focused on individual determinants, namely: health conditions and lifestyle habits. A review of the literature was conducted in order to explore the socio-environmental factors that may influence the cognitive vitality of seniors. This review demonstrates that studies that have examined this potential link are very rare. Only the type and socioeconomic level of the neighbourhood of the residence, as well as the size of the social network, were identified as influential factors. However, studies have shown that the environment could modulate certain lifestyle habits which, in turn, can influence cognition. This article uses an ecological approach to illustrate individual and socio-environmental targets for the promotion of the cognitive health of seniors.

Le vieillissement cognitif demeure une réalité très hétérogène chez la population aînée. Des études ont récemment identifié certains facteurs pouvant contribuer à maintenir la santé cognitive des aînés. À ce jour, ces recherches ont principalement porté sur des déterminants individuels, notamment : les conditions de santé et les habitudes de vie. Une recension des écrits a été réalisée afin d’explorer les facteurs socio-environnementaux qui peuvent influencer la vitalité cognitive des aînés. Cette recension montre que les études qui ont examiné ce lien potentiel sont très rares. Seuls le type et le niveau socio-économique du quartier de résidence, ainsi que la taille du réseau social ont été identifiés comme facteurs d’influence. Par contre, des études ont montré que l’environnement pouvait moduler certaines habitudes de vie qui, à leur tour, peuvent influencer la cognition. Le présent article s’inspire d’une approche écologique afin d’illustrer des cibles individuelles et socio-environnementales de la promotion de la santé cognitive des aînés.

Cet article fait suite à un projet réalisé dans le cadre de la 62ième session de la Commission permanente de Coopération Franco-Québécoise 2009–2010, financée par le Ministère des Relations internationales du Québec.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*La correspondance et les demandes de tirés-à-part doivent être adressées à : Correspondence and requests for offprints should be sent to: Manon Parisien, erg., M.Sc. Agente de planification CSSS Cavendish–Centre affilié universitaire 5800, Cavendish, Suite 600 Côte St-Luc, QC H4W 2T5 (manon.parisien.cvd@ssss.gouv.qc.ca)
References
Hide All
Alzheimer’s Australia. (2010). Towards a national dementia preventative health strategy. Canberra: Author.
American Society on Aging (2007). Attitudes and awareness of brain health pool. Consulté le 13 février 2010, à partir dehttp://asaging.org/asav2/mindalert/brainhealthpoll.cfm.
Amieva, H., Le Goff, M., Millet, X., Orgogozo, J.M., Peres, K., Barberger-Gateau, P., et al. . (2008). Prodromal Alzheimer’s disease: Successive emergence of the clinical symptoms. Annals of Neurology, 64, 492498.
Andel, R., Crowe, M., Pedersen, N.L., Fratiglioni, L., Johansson, B., et Gatz, M. (2008). Physical exercise at midlife and risk of dementia three decades later: A population-based study of Swedish twins. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 63A, 6266.
Anstey, K.J., von Sanden, C., Salim, A., et O’Kearney, R. (2007). Smoking as a risk factor for dementia and cognitive decline: A meta-analysis of prospective studies. American Journal of Epidemiology, 166, 367378.
Bassuk, S.S., Glass, T.A., et Berkman, L.F. (1999). Social disengagement and incident cognitive decline in community-dwelling elderly persons. Annals of Internal Medicine, 131(3), 165173.
Buchman, A.S., Wilson, R.S., et Bennett, D.A. (2008). Total daily activity is associated with cognition in older persons. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16(8), 697701.
Carlson, M.C., Helms, M.J., Steffens, D.C., Burke, J.R., Potter, G.G., et Plassman, B.L. (2008). Midlife activity predicts risk of dementia in older male twin pairs. Alzheimers & Dementia, 4, 324331.
Celsis, P. (2000). Age-related cognitive decline, mild cognitive impairment or preclinical Alzheimer’s disease? Annuls of Medicine, 32(1), 614.
Christensen, H. (2001). What cognitive changes can be expected with normal ageing? The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35(6), 768775.
Colcombe, S., et Kramer, A.F. (2003). Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: A meta-analytic study. Psychological Science, 14(2), 125130.
Crowe, M., Andel, R., Pederson, N.L., Johansson, B., et Gatz, M. (2003). Does participation in leisure activities lead to reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease? A prospective study of Swedish twins. The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 58, 249255.
Desjardins, N., D’Amours, G., Poissant, J., et Manseau, S. (2008). Avis scientifique sur les interventions efficaces en promotion de la santé mentale et en prévention des troubles mentaux. Montréal: Institut national de santé publique du Québec. Retrieved fromhttp://www.inspq.qc.ca/pdf/publications/789_Avis_sante_mentale.pdf.
Dik, M.G., Jonker, C., Comijs, H.C., Bouter, L.M., Twisk, J. W.R., van Kamp, G.J., et al. . (2001). Memory complaints and APOE-epsilon4 accelerate cognitive decline in cognitively normal elderly. Neurology, 57(12), 22172222.
Espino, D.V., Lichtenstein, M.J., Palmer, R.F., et Hazuda, H.P. (2001). Ethnic differences in mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores: Where you live makes a difference. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49(5), 538548.
Fillit, H.M., Butler, R.N., O’Connell, A.W., Albert, M.S., Birren, J.E., Cotman, C.W., et al. . (2002). Achieving and maintaining cognitive vitality with aging. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 77(7), 681696.
Foley, D., Monjan, A., Masaki, K., Ross, W., Havlik, R., et Launer, L. (2001). Daytime sleepiness is associated with 3-year incident dementia and cognitive decline in older Japanese-American men. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49, 16281632.
Forette, F., Seux, M.-L., Staessen, J.A., Thijs, L., Bikhenhäger, W.H., Babarskiene, M.R., et al. . (1998). Prevention of dementia in randomised double-blind placebo-controlled Systolic Hypertension in Europe (Syst-Eur) trial. Lancet, 352(9137), 13471351.
Fratiglioni, L., Wang, H.X., Ericsson, K., Maytan, M., et Winblad, B. (2000). Influence of social network on occurrence of dementia: A community-based longitudinal study. The Lancet, 355(9212), 13151319.
Fritsch, T., Smyth, K.A., Debanne, S.M., et Friedland, R.P. (2005). Participation in novelty-seeking leisure activities and Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 18, 134–41.
Galvin, J.A., Benson, H., Deckro, G.R., Fricchione, G.L., et Dusek, J.A. (2006). The relaxation response: Reducing stress and improving cognition in healthy aging adults. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 12, 186191.
Ganguli, M., Snitz, B., Bilt, J.V., et Chang, H.C.-C. (2009). How much do depressive symptoms affect cognition at the population level? The Monongahela–Youghiogheny Healthy Aging Team (MYHAT) study, International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 24, 12771284.
Gauvin, L., Riva, M., Barnett, T., Richard, L., Craig, C.L., Spivock, M.I., et al. . (2008). Association between neighborhood active living potential and walking. American Journal of Epidemiology, 167(8), 944953.
Gillette-Guyonnet, S., et Vellas, B. (2007). Alimentation et prévention du déclin cognitif et de la démence. Revue Canadienne de la maladie d’Alzheimer et autres démences, Septembre 18–27.
Hendrie, H.C., Albert, M.S., Butters, M.A., Gao, S., Knopman, D.S., Launer, L.J., et al. . (2006). The NIH Cognitive and Emotional Health Project. Report of the Critical Evaluation Study Committee. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 2(1), 1232.
Hughes, T.F., Andel, R., Small, B.J., Borenstein, A.A., et Mortimer, J.A. (2008). The association between social resources and cognitive change in older adults: Evidence from the Charlotte County Healthy Aging Study. The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 4, 241244.
Hughes, T., et Ganguli, M. (2009). Modifiable midlife risk factors for late-life cognitive impairment and dementia. Current Psychiatry Reviews, 5(2), 7392.
Hughes, S.L., Seymour, R.B., Campbell, R.T., Whitelaw, N., et Bazzarre, T. (2009). Best-practice physical activity programs for older adults: Findings from the National Impact Study. American Journal of Public Health, 99(2), 362368.
Hultsch, D.F., Hertzog, C., Small, B.G., et Dixon, R.A., (1999). Use it or lose it: Engaged lifestyle as a buffer against cognitive decline in aging. Psychology and Aging, 14, 245263.
Kalpouzos, G., Eustache, F., et Desgranges, B. (2008). Réserve cognitive et fonctionnement cérébral au cours du vieillissement normal et de la maladie d’Alzheimer. Psychologie & Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement, 6(2), 97105.
Karp, A., Paillard-Borg, S., Wang, H.X., Silverstein, M., Winblad, B., et Fratiglioni, L. (2006). Mental, physical and social components in leisure activities equally contribute to decrease dementia risk. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 21(2), 6573.
Katzman, R., Terry, R., DeTeresa, R., Brown, T., Davies, P., Fuld, P., et al. . (1988). Clinical pathological, and neurochemical changes in dementia: a subgroup with preserved mental status and numerous neocortical plaques. Annals of Neurology, 23(2), 138144.
Kino-Québec (2004). Les stratégies éprouvées ou prometteuses pour promouvoir la pratique régulière d’activités physiques au Québec. Avis du comité scientifique de Kino-Québec. Québec: Ministère des Affaires municipales, du Sport et du Loisir. Gouvernement du Québec.
Kramer, A.F., Bherer, L., Colcombe, S.J., Dong, W., et Greenough, W.T. (2004). Environmental influences on cognitive and brain plasticity during aging. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 59(9), M940M957.
Kubzansky, L.D., Subramanian, S.V., Kawachi, I., Fay, M.E., Soobader, M.J., et Berkman, L.F. (2005). Neighborhood contextual influences on depressive symptoms in the elderly. American Journal of Epidemiology, 162(3), 253260.
Laitinen, M.H., Ngandu, T., Rovio, S., Helkala, E.L., Uusitalo, U., Viitanen, M., et al. . (2006). Fat intake at midlife and risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease: A population-based study. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 22, 99107.
Lang, I.A., Llewellyn, D.J., Langa, K.M., Wallace, R.B., Huppert, F.A., et Melzer, D. (2008). Neighborhood deprivation, individual socioeconomic status, and cognitive function in older people: Analyses from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society , 56(2), 191198.
Li, F.Z., Fisher, K.J., Bauman, A., Ory, M.G., Chodzko-Zajko, W., Harmer, P., et al. . (2005). Neighborhood influences on physical activity in middle-aged and older adults: A multilevel perspective. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 13(1), 87114.
Li, F.Z., Harmer, P., Cardinal, B.J., Bosworth, M., et Johnson-Shelton, D. (2009). Obesity and the built environment: Does the density of neighborhood fast-food outlets matter? American Journal of Health Promotion, 23(3), 203209.
Middleton, L.E., Mitnitski, A., Fallah, N., Kirkland, S.A., et Rockwood, K. (2008). Changes in cognition and mortality in relation to exercise in late life: A population based study. PLoS One, 3(9), e3124.
Organisation mondiale de la santé, (2003). Les déterminants sociaux de la santé: Les Faits. Genève: Organisation mondiale de la Santé.
Parrott, M., et Greenwood, C.E. (2007). Dietary influences on cognitive function with aging. From high-fat diets to healthful eating. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1114, 389397.
Payette, H., et Shatenstein, B. (2005). Les déterminants de la saine alimentation des personnes âgées vivant dans les collectivités. Revue canadienne de santé publique, 96(3), S30S35.
Peila, R., White, L., Masaki, K., Petrovitch, H., et Launer, L.J. (2006). Reducing the risk of dementia: Efficacy of long-term treatment of hypertension. Stroke 37, 11651170.
Perren, K., Arber, S., et Davidson, K. (2003). Men’s organisational affiliations in later life: The influence of social class and marital status on informal group membership. Ageing and Society, 23, 6982.
Peters-Davis, N.D., Burant, C.L., et Braunschweig, H.M. (2001). Factors associated with volunteer behavior among community dwelling older persons. Activity, Adaptation & Aging, 26(2), 2944.
Rapp, M.A., Schnaider-Beeri, M., Wysocki, M., Guerrero-Berroa, E., Grossman, H.T., et Haroutunian, V. (2011). Cognitive decline in patients with dementia as a function of depression. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19(4), 357363.
Richard, L., Gauvin, L., et Raine, K. (2010). Ecological models revisited: Their uses and evolution in health promotion over two decades. Annual Review of Public Health, 32, 307326. doi: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031210-101141.
Satariano, W.A. (2006). Epidemiology of aging: An ecological approach. Sudbury, Ontario: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Seeman, T., Lusignolo, T., Albert, M., et Berkman, L. (2001). Social relationships, social support, and patterns of cognitive aging in healthy, high-functioning older adults: MacArthur studies of successful aging. Health Psychology, 20(4), 243255.
Seeman, T., McAvay, G., Merrill, S., Albert, M., et Rodin, J. (1996). Self-efficacy beliefs and change in cognitive performance: MacArthur studies of successful aging. Psychology and Aging, 11(3), 538551.
Solfrizzi, V., Colacicco, A.M., Introno, A.D., Capurso, C., Torres, F., Rizzo, C., et al. . (2006). Dietary intake of unsaturated fatty acids and age-related cognitive decline: A 8.5-year follow-up of the Italian Longitudinal Study on Aging. Neurobiology of Aging, 27(11), 16941704.
Stern, Y. (2009). Cognitive reserve. Neuropsychologia, 47, 20152028.
Veninga, J. (2006). Capital social et sain vieillissement. Recherche sur les politiques de santé. Bulletin de Santé Canada, 12, 2124.
Verghese, J., Lipton, R.B., Katz, M.J., Hall, C.B., Derby, C.A., Kuslansky, G., et al. . (2003). Leisure activities and the risk of dementia in the elderly. New England Journal of Medicine, 348(25), 25082516.
Warburton, J. (2007). Factors affecting volunteering among older rural and city dwelling adults in Australia. Educational Gerontology, 33, 2343.
Wight, R.G., Aneshensel, C.S., Miller-Martinez, D., Botticello, A.L., Cummings, J.R., Karlamangla, A.S., et al. . (2006). Urban neighborhood context, educational attainment, and cognitive function among older adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 163(12), 10711078.
Wilson, R.S., Barnes, L.L., et Bennett, D.A. (2003). Assessment of lifetime participation in cognitively stimulating activities. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 25(5), 634642.
Wilson, R.S., Krueger, K.R., Arnold, S.E., Schneider, J.A., Kelly, J.F., Barnes, L.L., et al. . (2007). Loneliness and risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, 234240.
Woodward, M. (2007). Dementia risk reduction: The evidence. Canberra: Alzheimer’s Australia.
Zunzunegui, M.V., Alvarado, B.E., Del Ser, T., et Otero, A. (2003). Social networks, social integration and social engagement determine cognitive decline in community-dwelling Spanish older adults. Journal of Gerontology, 58(2), 93100.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Canadian Journal on Aging / La Revue canadienne du vieillissement
  • ISSN: 0714-9808
  • EISSN: 1710-1107
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-on-aging-la-revue-canadienne-du-vieillissement
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed