Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Attachment with affectively ill and well mothers: Concurrent behavioral correlates

  • Elizabeth K. DeMulder (a1) and Marian Radke-Yarrow (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

The objective of this study is to explore relations between the quality of attachment relationships and control and affective interaction in families with unipolar depressed, bipolar depressed, and well mothers. As part of a large longitudinal project, attachment assessments were made, using the Strange Situation procedure, with 112 mothers and their children (aged 15–52 months). Sixty-seven percent of the children of bipolar depressed mothers were classified insecure, in comparison with 42% of children of well and unipolar mothers. Mothers of insecure children were more downcast, tended to show less tenderness/affection, were more likely to express extreme levels of anger/irritability, and were more likely to express high levels of two or more negative affects (i.e., anger, anxiousness, downcast) than were mothers of secure children. Relations were strongest in the depressed-mother groups. Insecure children expressed less tenderness/affection than did secure children (particularly in the unipolar group), and insecure girls were more likely to express high levels of anger/irritability than were secure girls. The value of studying risk and protective factors from an interactive perspective is emphasized.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address reprint requests to: Dr. Elizabeth DeMulder, NIMH, 15-K, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M. Allen (1976). Twin studies of affective illness. Archives of General Psychiatry, 33, 14761478.

A. G. Billings , & R. H. Moos (1983). Comparisons of children of depressed and nondepressed parents: A social-environmental perspective. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 11, 463486.

M. C. Blehar , A. F. Lieberman , & M. D. S. Ainsworth (1977). Early face-to-face interaction and its relation to later infant-mother attachment. Child Development, 48, 182194.

R. Cadoret , T. O'Gorman , E. Heywood , & E. Troughton (1985). Genetic and environmental factors in major depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 9, 155164.

P. M. Crittenden (1985). Maltreated infants: Vulnerability and resilience. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 26, 8596.

G. Downey , & J. C. Coyne (1990). Children of depressed parents: An integrative review. Psychological Bulletin, 108(1), 5076.

T. J. Gaensbauer , R. J. Harmon , A. M. Gulp , L. A. Schultz , W. J. Van Doorninck , & P. Dawson (1985). Relationships between attachment behavior in the laboratory and the caretaking environment. Infant Behavior and Development, 8, 355369.

H. H. Goldsmith , & J. A. Alansky (1987). Maternal and infant temperamental predictors of attachment: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 805816.

D. W. Harder , R. F. Kokes , L. Fisher , & J. S. Strauss (1980). Child competence and psychiatric risk. IV. Relationships of parent diagnostic classifications and parent psychopathology severity to child functioning. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 168, 343347.

G. Kochanska , L. Kuczynski , M. Radke-Yarrow , & J. D. Welsh (1987). Resolutions of control episodes between well and affectively ill mothers and their children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 15(3), 441456.

L. Kuczynski , G. Kochanska , M. Radke-Yarrow , & O. Girnius-Brown (1987). A developmental interpretation of young children's noncompliance. Developmental Psychology, 23(6), 799806.

K. Lyons-Ruth , D. Connell , & H. Grunebaum (1990). Infants at social risk: Maternal depression and family support services as mediators of infant development and security of attachment. Child Development, 61, 8598.

K. Lyons-Ruth , D. Connell , D. Zoll , & J. Stahl (1987). Infants at social risk: Relations among infant maltreatment, maternal behavior, and infant attachment behavior. Developmental Psychology, 23(2), 223232.

M. Main , N. Kaplan , & J. Cassidy (1985). Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50, 66104.

M. Main , L. Tomasini , & W. Tolan (1979). Differences among mothers of infants judged to differ in security. Developmental Psychology, 15(4), 472473.

C. Malatesta , C. Culver , J. Tesman , & B. Shepard (1989). The development of emotion expression during the first two years of life. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 54(1–2) (Serial No. 219).

L. Matas , R. A. Arend , & L. A. Sroufe (1978). Continuity of adaptation in the second year: The relationship between quality of attachment and later competence. Child Development, 49, 547556.

S. Nolen-Hoeksema (1987). Sex differences in unipolar depression: Evidence and theory. Psychological Bulletin, 101(2), 257282.

M. Radke-Yarrow , E. M. Cummings , L. Kuczynski , & M. Chapman (1985). Patterns of attachment in two- and three-year-olds in Normal Fami-lies and Families with parental depression. Child Development, 56, 884893.

A. Von Knorring , R. Cloninger , M. Bohman , & S. Sigvardsson (1983). An adoption study of depressive disorders and substance abuse. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40, 943950.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Development and Psychopathology
  • ISSN: 0954-5794
  • EISSN: 1469-2198
  • URL: /core/journals/development-and-psychopathology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 16 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 137 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 26th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.