This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Y. Amiel , F.A. Cowell and W. Gaertner 2009. To be or not to be involved: a questionnaire-experimental view on Harsanyi's utilitarian ethics. Social Choice and Welfare 32: 299–316.
N. Ashraf , C. Camerer and G. Loewenstein 2005. Adam Smith, behavioral economist. Journal of Economic Perspectives 19: 131–145.
L. Babcock and G. Loewenstein 1997. Explaining bargaining impasse: the role of self-serving biases. Journal of Economic Perspectives 11: 109–126.
G. Bolton and A. Ockenfels 2000. ERC: a theory of equity, reciprocity, and competition. American Economic Review 90: 166–193.
A. Broadie 2006. Sympathy and the impartial spectator. In The Cambridge Companion to Adam Smith, ed. K. Haakonssen, 158–188. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
G. Charness and M. Rabin 2002. Understanding social preferences with simple tests. Quarterly Journal of Economics 117: 817–869.
G. Charness , R. Cobo-Reyes and N. Jiménez 2008. An investment game with third-party intervention. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 68: 18–28.
R. Croson and J. Konow 2009. Social preferences and moral biases. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 69: 201–212.
D.L. Dickinson and J. Tiefenthaler 2002. What is fair? Experimental evidence. Southern Economic Journal 69: 414–428.
M. Dufwenberg and G. Kirchsteiger 2004. A theory of sequential reciprocity. Games and Economic Behavior 47: 268–298.
D. Dunning , J.A. Meyerowitz and A.D. Holzberg 1989. Ambiguity and self-evaluation: the role of idiosyncratic trait definitions in self-serving assessments of ability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 1082–1090.
J. Elster 1998. Deliberative Democracy. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
D. Engelmann and M. Strobel 2004. Inequality aversion, efficiency, and maximin preferences in simple distribution experiments. American Economic Review 94: 857–869.
A. Falk and U. Fischbacher 2006. A theory of reciprocity. Games and Economic Behavior 54: 293–315.
E. Fehr and U. Fischbacher 2004 a. Social norms and human cooperation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8: 1364–1366.
E. Fehr and U. Fischbacher 2004 b. Third party punishment and social norms. Evolution and Human Behavior 25: 63–87.
E. Fehr and K.M. Schmidt 1999. A theory of fairness, competition and cooperation. Quarterly Journal of Economics 114: 817–868.
S. Fleischacker 1991. Philosophy in moral practice: Kant and Adam Smith. Kant Studien 82: 249–269.
F. Forman-Barzalai 2005. Sympathy in space(s). Political Theory 33: 189–217.
C. Fricke and H.-P. Schütt 2005. Adam Smith als Moralphilosoph. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
D. Fudenberg and D. Levine 2006. A dual-self model of impulse control. American Economic Review 96: 1449–1476.
S. Gächter and A. Riedl 2006. Dividing justly in bargaining problems with claims. Social Choice and Welfare 27: 571–594.
W. Gaertner , J. Jungeilges and R. Neck 2001. Cross-cultural equity evaluations: a questionnaire-experimental approach. European Economic Review 45: 953–963.
M.B. Gill and S. Nichols 2008. Sentimentalist pluralism: moral psychology and philosophical ethics. Philosophical Issues 18: 143–163.
J.D. Greene , R.B. Sommerville, L.E. Nystrom, J.M. Darley and J.D. Cohen 2001. An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment. Science 293: 2105–2108.
C.L. Griswold 2006. Imagination: morals, science, and arts. In The Cambridge Companion to Adam Smith, ed. K. Haakonssen, 22–56. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
R.P. Hanley 2008. Enlightened nation building; the ‘science of the legislator’ in Adam Smith and Rousseau. American Journal of Political Science 52: 219–234.
W.T. Harbaugh , U. Mayr and D.R. Burghart 2007. Neural responses to taxation and voluntary giving reveal motives for charitable donations. Science 316: 1622–1625.
J. Henrich , R. Boyd, S. Bowles, C. Camerer, E. Fehr and H. Gintis 2004. Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-scale Societies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
L. Hill 2001. The hidden theology of Adam Smith. European Journal of the History of Economic Thought 8: 1–29.
D. Kahneman , J.L. Knetsch and R.H. Thaler 1986. Fairness and the assumptions of economics. Journal of Business 59: S285–S300.
J. Konow 2000. Fair shares: accountability and cognitive dissonance in allocation decisions. American Economic Review 90: 1072–92.
J. Konow 2003. Which is the fairest one of all? A positive analysis of justice theories. Journal of Economic Literature 41: 1186–1237.
J. Konow 2009 a. Is fairness in the eye of the beholder? An impartial spectator analysis of justice. Social Choice and Welfare 33: 101–127.
J. Konow 2010. Mixed feelings: theories of and evidence on giving. Journal of Public Economics 94: 279–297.
D.K. Levine 1998. Modeling altruism and spitefulness in experiments. Review of Economic Dynamics 1: 593–622.
M.C. Nussbaum and A. Sen, eds. 1993. The Quality of Life. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
J.R. Otteson 2002. Adam Smith's Marketplace of Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
J. Parrish 2007. Paradoxes of Political Ethics: From Dirty Hands to the Invisible Hand. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
D.D. Raphael 2007. The Impartial Spectator. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
D.C. Rasmussen 2008. Whose impartiality? Which self-interest? Adam Smith on utility, happiness and cultural relativism. The Adam Smith Review 4: 247–253.
D.A. Redman 1993. Adam Smith and Isaac Newton. Scottish Journal of Political Economy 40: 210–230.
E. Schokkaert , B. Capeau and K. Devooght 2003. Responsibility-sensitive fair compensation in different cultures. Social Choice and Welfare 21: 207–242.
E. Schwitzgebel 2008. The unreliability of naive introspection. Philosophical Review 117: 245–273.
R.H. Thaler and H.M. Shefrin 1981. An economic theory of self-control. Journal of Political Economy 89: 392–406.
L. Thompson and G. Loewenstein 1992. Egocentric interpretations of fairness and interpersonal conflict. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 51: 176–197.
S. Traub , C. Seidl, U. Schmidt and M.V. Levati 2005. Friedman, Harsanyi, Rawls, Boulding – or somebody else? An experimental investigation of distributive justice. Social Choice and Welfare 24: 283–309.
C.J. Turillo , R. Folger, J.J. Lavelle, E.E. Umphress and J.O. Gee 2002. Is virtue its own reward? Self-sacrificial decisions for the sake of fairness. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 89: 839–865.
R. Verburg 2000. Adam Smith's growing concern on the issue of distributive justice. European Journal of the History of Economic Thought 7: 23–44.
J.T. Young 1992. Natural morality and the ideal impartial spectator in Adam Smith. International Journal of Social Economics 19: 71–82.
L. Zagzebski 2004. Divine Motivation Theory. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.