Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 11
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    du Toit, Marié J. Kotze, D. Johan and Cilliers, Sarel S. 2016. Landscape history, time lags and drivers of change: urban natural grassland remnants in Potchefstroom, South Africa. Landscape Ecology, Vol. 31, Issue. 9, p. 2133.

    Feng, Qi Ma, Hua Jiang, Xuemei Wang, Xin and Cao, Shixiong 2015. What Has Caused Desertification in China?. Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, p. 15998.

    Jin, Gui Li, Zhaohua Lin, Qiaowen Shi, Chenchen Liu, Bing and Yao, Lina 2015. Land Use Suitability Assessment in Low-Slope Hilly Regions under the Impact of Urbanization in Yunnan, China. Advances in Meteorology, Vol. 2015, p. 1.

    Shi, Chenchen Zhan, Jinyan Yuan, Yongwei Wu, Feng and Li, Zhihui 2015. Land Use Zoning for Conserving Ecosystem Services under the Impact of Climate Change: A Case Study in the Middle Reaches of the Heihe River Basin. Advances in Meteorology, Vol. 2015, p. 1.

    Conte, Thomas J. and Tilt, Bryan 2014. The Effects of China’s Grassland Contract Policy on Pastoralists’ Attitudes towards Cooperation in an Inner Mongolian Banner. Human Ecology, Vol. 42, Issue. 6, p. 837.

    Deng, Xiangzheng Zhao, Chunhong Lin, Yingzhi Zhang, Tao Qu, Yi Zhang, Fan Wang, Zhan and Wu, Feng 2014. Downscaling the Impacts of Large-Scale LUCC on Surface Temperature along with IPCC RCPs: A Global Perspective. Energies, Vol. 7, Issue. 4, p. 2720.

    Ma, Enjun Deng, Xiangzheng Zhang, Qian and Liu, Anping 2014. Spatial Variation of Surface Energy Fluxes Due to Land Use Changes across China. Energies, Vol. 7, Issue. 4, p. 2194.

    Deng, Xiangzheng Huang, Jikun Lin, Yingzhi and Shi, Qingling 2013. Interactions between Climate, Socioeconomics, and Land Dynamics in Qinghai Province, China: A LUCD Model-Based Numerical Experiment. Advances in Meteorology, Vol. 2013, p. 1.

    Li, Yanfei Li, Zhaohua Li, Zhihui Geng, Xiaoli and Deng, Xiangzheng 2013. Numerical Simulation of the Effects of Grassland Degradation on the Surface Climate in Overgrazing Area of Northwest China. Advances in Meteorology, Vol. 2013, p. 1.

    Lin, Yingzhi Liu, Anping Ma, Enjun and Zhang, Fan 2013. Impacts of Future Climate Changes on Shifting Patterns of the Agro-Ecological Zones in China. Advances in Meteorology, Vol. 2013, p. 1.

    Zhang, Fan Li, Xing Wang, Weimin Ke, Xinli and Shi, Qingling 2013. Impacts of Future Grassland Changes on Surface Climate in Mongolia. Advances in Meteorology, Vol. 2013, p. 1.

  • Environment and Development Economics, Volume 16, Issue 6
  • December 2011, pp. 751-773

Do roads lead to grassland degradation or restoration? A case study in Inner Mongolia, China

  • Xiangzheng Deng (a1), Jikun Huang (a2), Qiuqiong Huang (a3), Scott Rozelle (a4) and John Gibson (a5)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 02 August 2011

We use satellite remote sensing data of grassland cover in Inner Mongolia, China to test whether the existence of and the size of roads in 1995 is associated with the nature of the grassland in 2000 and/or if it affects the rate of change of the grassland between 1995 and 2000. The regression results show that the impact of roads on grassland cover depends on the nature of the resource. When the grassland is composed of relatively high quality grassland, roads lead to degradation, whereas when grassland resources are sparse, access to a road results in the restoration of the resource.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A. Abadie and G.W. Imbens (2006), ‘Large sample properties of matching estimators for average treatment effects’, Econometrica 74(1): 235267.

T. Akiyama and K. Kawamura (2007), ‘Grassland degradation in China: methods of monitoring, management and restoration’, Grassland Science 53(1): 117.

L. Anselin (2001), ‘Spatial effects in econometric practice in environmental and resource economics’, American Journal of Agricultural Economics 83(3): 705710.

D.A. Black and J.A. Smith (2004), ‘How robust is the evidence on the effects of college quality? Evidence from matching’, Journal of Econometrics 121(1–2): 99124.

K.M. Chomitz and D.A. Gray (1996), ‘Roads, land use, and deforestation: a spatial model applied to Belize’, The World Bank Economic Review 10(3): 487512.

R.T. Conant , K. Paustian , and E.T. Elliott (2001), ‘Grassland management and conversion into grassland: effects on soil carbon’, Ecological Applications 11(2): 343355.

M. Cropper , J. Puri , and C. Griffiths (2001), ‘Predicting the location of deforestation: the role of roads and protected areas in North Thailand’, Land Economics 77(2): 172186.

R.H. Dehejia and S. Wahba (2002), ‘Propensity score-matching methods for nonexperimental causal studies’, Review of Economics and Statistics 84(1): 151161.

K. Deininger and B. Minten (2002), ‘Determinants of deforestation and the economics of protection: an application to Mexico’, American Journal of Agricultural Economics 84(4): 943960.

X.Z. Deng , J. Huang , S. Rozelle , and E. Uchida (2006), ‘Cultivated land conversion and potential agricultural productivity in China’, Land Use Policy 23(4): 372384.

X. Z Deng , J. Huang , S. Rozelle , and E. Uchida (2008a), ‘Growth, population and industrialization, and urban land expansion of China’, Journal of Urban Economics 63(1): 96115.

X.Z. Deng , H. Su , and J.Y. Zhan (2008b), ‘Integration of multiple data sources to simulate the dynamics of land systems’, Sensors 8: 620634.

C.N.H. Doll , J.P. Muller , and C.D. Elvidge (2000), ‘Night-time imagery as a tool for global mapping of socio-economic parameters and greenhouse gas emissions’, AMBIO 29(3): 157162.

C.N.H. Doll , J.P. Muller , and J.G. Morley (2006), ‘Mapping regional economic activity from night-time light satellite imagery’, Ecological Economics 57(1): 7592.

R.T.T. Forman (2000), ‘Estimate of the area affected ecologically by the road system in the United States’, Conservation Biology 14(1): 3135.

R.T.T. Forman , B. Reineking , and A.M. Hersperger (2002), ‘Road traffic and nearby grassland bird patterns in a suburbanizing landscape’, Environmental Management 29(6): 782800.

L.S. Gong , Y. Harazono , T. Oikawa , H.L. Zhao , Z. Ying He , and X.L. Chang (2000), ‘Grassland desertification by grazing and the resulting micrometeorological changes in Inner Mongolia’, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 102(2–3): 125137.

J.G. Han , Y.J. Zhang , C.J. Wang , W.M. Bai , Y.R. Wang , G.D. Han , and L.H. Li (2008), ‘Rangeland degradation and restoration management in China’, Rangeland Journal 30(2): 233239.

G.J. Jenkins , J.J. Ephraums , and J.T. Houghton (1990), Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment, New York: Cambridge University Press.

A. Kravchenko and D.G. Bullock (1999), ‘A comparative study of interpolation methods for mapping soil properties’, Journal of Agronomy 91: 393400.

G.D. Liu , D.L. Michalk , C.J. Bai , D.G. Yu , and Z.Q. Chen (2008), ‘Grassland development in tropical and subtropical southern China’, Rangeland Journal 30(2): 255270.

B. Mertens and E.F. Lambin (1997), ‘Spatial modelling of deforestation in southern Cameroon – spatial disaggregation of diverse deforestation processes’, Applied Geography 17(2): 143162.

MOA (Ministry of Agriculture) (2009), Sixty Years of New China's Agriculture, Beijing: China Agriculture Press.

A.S.P. Pfaff (1999), ‘What drives deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon? Evidence from satellite and socioeconomic data’, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 37(1): 2643.

P.R. Rosenbaum and D.B. Rubin (1983), ‘The central role of the propensity score in observational studies for causal effects’, Biometrika 70(1): 4155.

S. Rozelle , J. Huang , and L. Zhang (1997), ‘Poverty, population and environmental degradation in China’, Food Policy 22(3): 229251.

D. Tilman and J.A. Downing (1994), ‘Biodiversity and stability in grasslands’, Nature 367(6461): 363365.

D. Tilman , S. Polasky , and C. Lehman (2005), ‘Diversity, productivity and temporal stability in the economies of humans and nature’, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 49(3): 405426.

S.C. Trombulak and C.A. Frissell (2000), ‘Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities’, Conservation Biology 14(1): 1830.

N.S.G. Williams (2007), ‘Environmental, landscape and social predictors of native grassland loss in western Victoria, Australia’, Biological Conservation 137(2): 308318.

N.S.G. Williams , J.W. Morgan , M.A. McCarthy , and M.J. McDonnell (2006), ‘Local extinction of grassland plants: the landscape matrix is more important than patch attributes’, Ecology 87(12): 30003006.

N.S.G. Williams , J.W. Morgan , M.J. McDonnell , and M.A. McCarthy (2005), ‘Plant traits and local extinctions in natural grasslands along an urban–rural gradient’, Journal of Ecology 93(6): 12031213.

B. Wu and L.J. Ci (2002), ‘Landscape change and desertification development in the Mu Us Sandland, Northern China’, Journal of Arid Environments 50(3): 429444.

T.X. Yue , Y.A. Wang , J.Y. Liu , S.P. Chen , D.S. Qiu , X.Z. Deng , M.L. Liu , Y.Z. Tian , and B.P. Su (2005), ‘Surface modeling of human population distribution in China’, Ecological Modelling 181(4): 461478.

Y.R. Zheng , Z.X. Xie , C. Robert , L.H. Jiang , and H. Shimizu (2006), ‘Did climate drive ecosystem change and induce desertification in Otindag sandy land, China over the past 40 years?’, Journal of Arid Environments 64(3): 523541.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environment and Development Economics
  • ISSN: 1355-770X
  • EISSN: 1469-4395
  • URL: /core/journals/environment-and-development-economics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
Type Description Title
Supplementary Appendices

Deng Supplementary Appendices
Deng Supplementary Appendices

 Unknown (221 KB)
221 KB