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Wildlife conservation, labor supply and time values in rural Botswana

  • Douglas M. Larson (a1), Elizabeth F. Pienaar (a2) and Lovell S. Jarvis (a3)

To improve wildlife conservation incentives in community-based natural resource management programs, a better understanding of rural communities' willingness to engage in wildlife conservation jobs is needed. We implement a discrete choice model explaining reservation wages for nine conservation jobs using contingent behavior data from rural Botswana residents. We present a model in which the conditional indirect utility function incorporates a more general value of time than has previously been used, and this specification outperforms the standard model. Sample estimates indicate that reservation wages are modestly higher for women than for men, and that residents have higher reservation wages for jobs requiring more exertion or involving more danger.

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Environment and Development Economics
  • ISSN: 1355-770X
  • EISSN: 1469-4395
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