Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-7ccbd9845f-ktfbs Total loading time: 0.385 Render date: 2023-01-30T23:40:17.334Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Is psychoeducation for parents and teachers of children and adolescents with ADHD efficacious? A systematic literature review

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 April 2020

A. Montoya
Clinical Research, Lilly Research Laboratories, Avenida de la Industria 30, 28108Alcobendas, Spain
F. Colom
Psychoeducation and Psychological Treatments Area, Barcelona Bipolar Disorders Program, IDIBAPS-CIBERSAM, Institute of Neurosciences, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
M. Ferrin*
Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Unit, Complejo Hospitalario Jaen, Spain Developmental Neuropsychiatry Team at the Michael Rutter Centre, Department of Child & Adolescent, Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London, UK
*Corresponding author. E-mail address: (M. Ferrin).
Get access



To identify evidence from comparative studies on the effects of psychoeducation programs on clinical outcomes in children and adolescents with ADHD.


Articles published between January 1980 and July 2010 were searched through electronic databases and hand search. A qualitative systematic review of comparative studies of psychoeducation in ADHD was performed. Psychoeducation was considered if studies use a specific therapeutic program focusing on the didactically communication of information and provide patients and families with coping skills.


Seven studies were identified (four randomized-controlled trials, three uncontrolled pre-post treatment designs). Studies differed on whether psychoeducation approaches were applied to parents of ADHD children (three studies), to ADHD children/adolescents and their families (three studies) or to their teachers (one study). Positive outcomes measured as improvement on a number of different variables, including patient's behavior, parent and child satisfaction, child's knowledge of ADHD, children's opinion of the use of medication and adherence to medical recommendations were found.


Although available evidence is limited and some findings may be difficult to be interpreted, the positive role of psychoeducation and other educational interventions in children and adolescents with ADHD in regard to several outcome measures is supported by most of the literature referenced in this review.

Copyright © Elsevier Masson SAS 2011

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Bäuml, J, Froböse, T, Kraemer, S, Rentrop, M, Pitschel-Walz, GPsychoeducation: a basic psychotherapeutic intervention for patients with schizophrenia and their families. Schizophr Bull 2006;32(Suppl. 1):S1S9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bäuml, J, Pitschel-Walz, GPsychoedukation bei schizophrenen Erkrankungen. Stutgart, Germany: Schattauer: 2003Google Scholar
Biederman, J, Faraone, SVAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Lancet 2005;366(9481):237248.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cochrane Effective Practice and Organization of Care Review Group (EPOC). Data collection checklist. Available at: Accessed September 20th, 2009.Google Scholar
Colom, F, Vieta, E, Scott, JPsychoeducation Manual for Bipolar Disorder. Cambridge University Press:2006Google Scholar
Corkum, P, Rimer, P, Schachar, RParental knowledge of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and opinions of treatment options: impact on enrollment and adherence to a 12-month treatment trial. Can J Psychiatry 1999;44(10):10431048.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cummings, CM, Fristad, MAMedications prescribed for children with mood disorders: effects of a family-based psychoeducation program. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2007;15(6):555562.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dixon, L, McFarlane, WR, Lefley, H, Lucksted, A, Cohen, M, Falloon, I, Mueser, K, Miklowitz, D, Solomon, P, Sondheimer, DEvidence-based practices for services to families of people with psychiatric disabilities. Psychiatr Serv 2001;52(7):903910.Google ScholarPubMed
Fristad, MAPsychoeducational treatment for school-aged children with bipolar disorder. Dev Psychopathol 2006;18(4):12891306[Fall]Google ScholarPubMed
Hack, S, Chow, BPediatric psychotropic medication compliance: a literature review and research-based suggestions for improving treatment compliance. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2001;11(1):5967.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hogarty, GE, Anderson, CM, Reiss, DJ, et al.Family psychoeducation, social skills training, and maintenance chemotherapy in the aftercare treatment of schizophrenia. II. Two-year effects of a controlled study on relapse and adjustment. Environmental-Personal Indicators in the Course of Schizophrenia (EPICS) Research Group. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1991;48(4):340347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ialongo, NS, Horn, WF, Pascoe, JM, et al.The effects of a multimodal intervention with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder children: a 9-month follow-up. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1993;32(1):182189.Google ScholarPubMed
Jadad, AR, Cook, DJ, Jones, A, et al.Methodology and reports of systematic reviews and meta-analyses: a comparison of Cochrane reviews with articles published in paper-based journals. JAMA 1998;280(3):278280.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Khan, KS, Kunz, R, Kleijnen, J, Antes, GFive steps to conducting a systematic review. J R Soc Med 2003;96(3):118121.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lee, JK, Grace, KA, Taylor, AJEffect of a pharmacy care program on medication adherence and persistence, blood pressure, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2006;296(21):25632571.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Liu, C, Robin, AL, Brenner, S, Eastman, JSocial acceptability of methylphenidate and behavior modification for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Pediatrics 1991;88(3):560565.Google ScholarPubMed
Lopez, MA, Toprac, MG, Crismon, ML, Boemer, C, Baumgartner, JA psychoeducational program for children with ADHD or depression and their families: results from the CMAP feasibility study. Community Ment Health J 2005;41(1):5166.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCleary, L, Ridley, TParenting adolescents with ADHD: evaluation of a psychoeducation group. Patient Educ Couns 1999;38(1):310.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Miklowitz, DJ, Axelson, DA, Birmaher, B, et al.Family-focused treatment for adolescents with bipolar disorder: results of a 2-year randomized trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2008;65(9):10531061.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Miranda, A, Presentacion, MJ, Soriano, MEffectiveness of a school-based multicomponent program for the treatment of children with ADHD. J Learn Disabil 2002;35(6):546562.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Monastra, VJOvercoming the barriers to effective treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a neuro-educational approach. Int J Psychophysiol 2005;58(1):7180.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Methylphenidate, atomoxetine and dexamfetamine for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence; 2006.Google Scholar
NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. Undertaking systematic reviews of research on effectiveness: CRD's guidance for carrying out or commissioning reviews. CRD Report 4. 2nd ed. University of York; 2001.Google Scholar
Oxman, AD, Guyatt, GHValidation of an index of the quality of review articles. J Clin Epidemiol 1991;44(11):12711278.Google ScholarPubMed
Reeves, G, Anthony, BMultimodal treatments versus pharmacotherapy alone in children with psychiatric disorders: implications of access, effectiveness, and contextual treatment. Paediatr Drugs 2009;11(3):165169.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rostain, AL, Power, TJ, Atkins, MSAssessing parents’ willingness to pursue treatment for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1993;32(1):175181.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schachar, RJ, Tannock, R, Cunningham, C, Corkum, PVBehavioral, situational, and temporal effects of treatment of ADHD with methylphenidate. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1997;36(6):754763.Google ScholarPubMed
Sonuga-Barke, E, Daley, D, Thompson, M, Laver-Bradbury, C, Weeks, AParent-based therapies for preschool attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a randomized, controlled trial with a community sample. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2001;40(4):402408.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Svanborg, P, Thernlund, G, Gustafsson, PA, Hagglof, B, Poole, L, Kadesjo, BEfficacy and safety of atomoxetine as add-on to psychoeducation in the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in stimulant-naive Swedish children and adolescents. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2009;18(4):240249.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ferrin M, Taylor E. Parents’ and children's perceptions of ADHD. Future Neurol 2011 [in press].Google Scholar
The MTA Cooperative Group Moderators and mediators of treatment response for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: the Multimodal Treatment Study of children with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1999;56(12):10881096.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Submit a response


No Comments have been published for this article.
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Is psychoeducation for parents and teachers of children and adolescents with ADHD efficacious? A systematic literature review
Available formats

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Is psychoeducation for parents and teachers of children and adolescents with ADHD efficacious? A systematic literature review
Available formats

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Is psychoeducation for parents and teachers of children and adolescents with ADHD efficacious? A systematic literature review
Available formats

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *