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    Bersani, D. and Lottici, P. P. 2016. Raman spectroscopy of minerals and mineral pigments in archaeometry. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 47, Issue. 5, p. 499.

    Goler, Sarah Yardley, James T. Cacciola, Angela Hagadorn, Alexis Ratzan, David and Bagnall, Roger 2016. Characterizing the age of ancient Egyptian manuscripts through micro-Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy,

    Askeland, Christian 2015. A Lycopolitan Forgery of John's Gospel. New Testament Studies, Vol. 61, Issue. 03, p. 314.

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Characterization of the Chemical Nature of the Black Ink in the Manuscript of The Gospel of Jesus's Wife through Micro-Raman Spectroscopy

  • James T. Yardley (a1) and Alexis Hagadorn (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2014
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Lucia Burgio, Robin J. H. Clark, and Richard R. Hark, “Raman Microscopy and X-ray Fluorescence Analysis of Pigments on Medieval and Renaissance Italian Manuscript Cuttings,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107 (2010) 5726–31

Lucia Burgio and Robin J. H. Clark, “Library of FT-Raman Spectra of Pigments, Minerals, Pigment Media and Varnishes, and Supplement to Existing Library of Raman Spectra of Pigments with Visible Excitation,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 57 (2001) 1491–521

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Alana S. Lee, Vincent Otieno-Alego, and Dudley C. Creagh, “Identification of Iron-Gall Inks with Near-Infrared Raman Microspectroscopy,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 39 (2008) 1079–84

Marina Bicchieri et al., “All That is Iron-Ink is Not Always Iron-Gall!,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 39 (2008) 1074–78

Marina Bicchieri et al., “Non-Destructive Spectroscopic Investigation on Historic Yemenite Scriptorial Fragments: Evidence of Different Degradation and Recipes for Iron Tannic Inks,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 405 (2013) 2713–21

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Lubomir Slavov et al., “Raman Spectroscopy Investigation of Magnetite Nanoparticles in Ferrofluids,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 322 (2010) 1904–11

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Laurence C. Abbott et al.Resonance Raman and UV-Visible Spectroscopy of Black Dyes on Textiles,” Forensic Science International 202 (2010) 5463

Irina Geiman et al.Application of Raman Spectroscopy and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering to the Analysis of Synthetic Dyes Found in Ballpoint Pen Inks,” Journal of Forensic Sciences 54 (2009) 947–52

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James D. Womack, Thomas J. Vickers, and Charles K. Mann, “Determination of Azo Dyes by Resonance-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” Applied Spectroscopy 41 (1987) 117–19

Ian M. Bell, Robin J. H. Clark, and Peter J. Gibbs, “Raman Spectroscopic Library of Natural and Synthetic Pigments (pre- Approximately 1850 AD),” Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 53 (1997) 2159–79

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Harvard Theological Review
  • ISSN: 0017-8160
  • EISSN: 1475-4517
  • URL: /core/journals/harvard-theological-review
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