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OXFORD HOUSE HEADS AND THEIR PERFORMANCE OF RELIGIOUS FAITH IN EAST LONDON, 1884–1900*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 September 2016

LUCINDA MATTHEWS-JONES*
Affiliation:
Liverpool John Moores University
*
John Foster Building, Liverpool John Moores, 80–90 Mount Pleasant, Liverpool, l3 5uzl.m.matthew-jones@ljmu.ac.uk

Abstract

This article considers how lecturing in Victoria Park in the East End of London allowed three early heads of the university settlement Oxford House to engage local communities in a discussion about the place of religion in the modern world. It demonstrates how park lecturing enabled James Adderley, Hebert Hensley Henson, and Arthur Winnington-Ingram, all of whom also held positions in the Church of England, to perform and test out their religious identities. Open-air lecturing was a performance of religious faith for these settlement leaders. It allowed them to move beyond the institutional spaces of the church and the settlement house in order to mediate their faith in the context of open discussion and debate about religion and modern life. The narratives they constructed in and about their park sermons reveal a good deal about how these early settlement leaders imagined themselves as well as their relationship with the working-class men they hoped to reach through settlement work. A vivid picture of Victorian religious and philanthropic life emerges in their accounts of lecturing in Victoria Park.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2016 

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Footnotes

*

I would like to thank the anonymous reviewers of the Historical Journal for their helpful suggestions. I would like to acknowledge the help of Julie-Marie Strange and Bertrand Taithe when this was a Ph.D. chapter. Mike Benbough-Jackson, Diana Maltz, and James Mansell kindly read this chapter and offered comments. I would especially like to thank the late Neil Armstrong for his generous support and advice on earlier drafts and for encouraging me with this research.

References

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57 See ‘Sunday Lecture Society’, Oxford House Chronicle, 13 (1891), p. 4.

58 ‘“The Park” on Sunday’, Oxford House Chronicle, 8 (1894), p. 7.

59 Koven, Slumming, p. 279.

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70 Blathwayth, ‘The bishop of London’, p. 6.

71 Ibid., p. 6.

72 Bevir, Mark, ‘The immanentist pulpit and reformist pulpit’, in Hewitt, Martin, ed., Platform – pulpit – rhetoric (Leeds, 2000), p. 139 Google Scholar.

73 Winnington-Ingram, Why, p. 103.

74 Winnington-Ingram, The mysteries of God, p. 262.

75 Herbert Hensley Henson diary, 11 July 1886, vol. 4, Durham Cathedral.

76 See Garnett et al., Redefining, p. 79.

77 Herbert Hensley Henson diary, 11 July 1886, vol. 4, Durham Cathedral, fo. 384.

78 Winnington-Ingram, Why, p. 34.

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82 Winnington-Ingram, Why, p. 132.

83 Colpus, ‘Lecturing’, p. 40.

84 Nead, Lynda, ‘Mapping the self: gender, space and modernity in mid-Victorian London’, in Porter, Roy, ed., Rewriting the self: histories from the Renaissance to the present (London, 1997), p. 167 Google Scholar.

85 Dixon, Joy, ‘Modernity, heterodoxy, and the transformation of religious cultures’, in de Vries, Jacqueline and Morgan, Sue, eds., Women, gender and religious cultures (London, 2010), pp. 211–30Google Scholar.

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