Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-xbgml Total loading time: 0.854 Render date: 2022-08-09T18:58:40.109Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

A profile of humanity: the cultural signature of Earth's inhabitants beyond the atmosphere

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 August 2018

Paul E. Quast*
Affiliation:
Beyond the Earth foundation, Edinburgh, UK
*
Author for correspondence: Paul E. Quast, E-mail: info@beyondtheearth.org

Abstract

The eclectic range of artefacts and ‘messages’ we dispatch into the vast expanse of space may become one of the most enduring remnants of our present civilization, but how does his protracted legacy adequately document the plurality of societal values and common, cultural heritage on our heterogeneous world? For decades now, this rendition of the egalitarian principle has been explored by the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence community in order to draft theoretical responses to ‘who speaks for Earth?’ for hypothetical extra-terrestrial communication strategies. However, besides the moral, ethical and democratic advancements made by this particular enterprise, there remains little practical exemplars of implementing this garnered knowledge into other experimental elements that could function as mutual emissaries of Earth; physical artefacts that could provide accessible details about our present world for future archaeological observations by our space-faring progeny, potential visiting extrasolar denizens or even for posterity. While some initiatives have been founded to investigate this enduring dilemma of humanity over the last half-century, there are very few comparative studies in regards to how these objects, time capsules and transmission events collectively disseminate content about the aggregate of our species and the Earth system it inhabits. This catalogue, assembled for extended study as part of the Beyond the Earth foundation, is intended as an initial, dialogic step towards evaluating such a ‘profile of humanity’. This investigation will endeavour to collate all cultural resources that can presently be garnered from spacecraft (non-mission orientated, cultural material that conveys an impression of Earth) and non-terrestrial transmissions (electromagnetic signals that are intentionally aimed off-world to embody humanities’ evolving, philosophical identity) in the expanse beyond our planetary borders in order to cross-analyse how we presently illustrate the diversity of our planet before, subsequently, deducing how we could appropriately depict our collective human civilization [and biosphere] within deep space and cosmic time.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2018

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Ainsworth, D (1998) Mars ’98 Payload Integrates As Scientists View First Close-Ups Of Strange, Layered Polar Terrain. NASA. Retrieved on 4 September 2017, Available at http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/releases/98/m98integ.html.Google Scholar
Almár, I and Shuch, PH (2006) The San Marino scale: a new analytical tool for assessing transmission risk. Acta Astronautica 60, 5759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Analytics India (2017) Claim your moonshot, send your name to moon via Team Indus Moon Mission. Analytics India Magazine. Retrieved on 19 July 2018, Available at https://analyticsindiamag.com/claim-moonshot-send-name-moon-via-team-indus-moon-mission/.Google Scholar
Aphids (2008) Willoh S. Weiland Yelling at the Stars. Aphids Archive (online). Retrieved on 27 September 2017, Available at http://aphids.net/archive/Yelling_At_Stars_Next_Wave_Festival.Google Scholar
Ashraf, SF (2003) Once Upon a Time, 50,000 years ago… Rediff (online). Retrieved on 1 September 2016, Available at http://www.rediff.com/news/2002/oct/15spec.htm.Google Scholar
Astronet (1998) Spacecraft with Human Hair and DNA Planned for Interstellar Flight. Astronet website. Retrieved on 16 February 2018, Available at https://carlkop.home.xs4all.nl/humanha.html.Google Scholar
Atkinson, N (2008) Messages From Earth Beamed to Alien World. Universe Today; Space and Astronomy News. Retrieved on 5 January 2017, Available at https://www.universetoday.com/19335/messages-from-earth-beamed-to-alien-world/.Google Scholar
Atri, D, DeMarines, J and Haqq-Misra, J (2011) A protocol for messaging to extraterrestrial intelligence. Acta Astronautica 27, 165169.Google Scholar
Barras, C (2008) First space ad targets hungry aliens. New Scientist (online). Retrieved on 5 January 2017, Available at https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn14130-first-space-ad-targets-hungry-aliens/?feedId=online-news_rss20.Google Scholar
BBC (2008) Is anyone listening out there? BBC News; Science & Environment. Retrieved on 29 August 2017, Available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7660449.stm.Google Scholar
BBC News (2005) Turkmen book ‘blasted into space’. BBC News (online). Retrieved on 14 May 2016, Available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4190148.stm.Google Scholar
Beagles 2 website (2004) Blur Call Sign. Beagle 2 Retrieved on 19 August 2017, Available at http://www.beagle2.com/resources/blursignal.htm.Google Scholar
Benford, G (1999) Deep Time: How Humanity Communicates Across Millennia. New York: Avon Books, Inc. (ISBN: 0380975378).Google Scholar
Billingham, J and Benford, G (2011) Costs and Difficulties of Large-Scale ‘Messaging’, and the Need for International Debate on Potential Risks. California, USA: Cornell University Library (arXiv:1102.1938).Google Scholar
Blackrock Castle Observatory (2017) Pan Galactic Email Station. Retrieved on 16 September 2016, Available at https://www.bco.ie/whats-here/cosmos-at-the-castle/pangalactic/.Google Scholar
Boyle, R (2012) How A Sundial Lets Curiosity See Mars in Living Color. Popular Science. Retrieved on 5 November 2017, Available at https://www.popsci.com/science/article/2012-08/how-mars-rover-curiositys-sundial-will-help-rover-see-mars-living-color.Google Scholar
Braastad, R and Zaitsev, AL (2003) Synthesis and Transmission of Cosmic Call 2003 Interstellar Radio Message. Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio-engineering and Electronics. Retrieved on 30 September 2016, Available at http://www.cplire.ru/html/ra&sr/irm/CosmicCall-2003/index.html.Google Scholar
Brin, D (2014) The search for extra-terrestrial intelligence (SETI) and whether to send “messages” (METI): a case for conversation, patience and due diligence. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 67, 816.Google Scholar
Britt, R (2018) SpaceX Launches Isaac Asimov's ‘Foundation’ Books Into Deep Space. Inverse.com. Retrieved on 7 February 2018, Available at https://www.inverse.com/article/41025-space-x-tesla-spaceman-asimov-foundation-arch-books-falcon.Google Scholar
Browne, S (2013) A Perfect Day. Susanna Browne website. Retrieved on 16 November 2017, Available at http://susannabrowne.com/A-Perfect-Day.Google Scholar
Busch, MW (2013) Lone Signal and Jamesburg Earth Station Technologies: Technical Setup. Retrieved on 14 September 2016, Available at http://www.webcitation.org/6Ik4qwRQ5?url=https://s3.amazonaws.com/lonesignal-prod-web/Lone%2BSignal%2BTechnical%2BSetup_06042013.pdf.Google Scholar
Butler, D (1998) Space ‘time capsule’ could send a message to the future. Nature 391, 112. Retrieved on 14 September 2017, Available at https://www.nature.com/articles/34252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Byrd, D (2013) Got something to say to an alien? Lone Signal can beam your message. EarthSky, Retrieved on 1 November 2016, Available at http://earthsky.org/space/got-something-to-say-to-an-alien-lone-signal-wants-to-beam-your-message.Google Scholar
Campbell, H (2015) Kids, Send your Art into Space on the Cheops Satellite. Space 2.0.com. Retrieved on 13 March 2017, Available at http://www.science20.com/kids_send_your_art_into_space_on_the_cheops_satellite-155368.Google Scholar
Carey, B (2005) 625,000 Names to be vaporized in Deep Impact. Space.com. Retrieved on 17 February 2017, Available at https://www.space.com/1255-625-000-names-vaporized-deep-impact.html.Google Scholar
Chakelian, A (2012) Tweets in Space: Contacting E.T., 140 Characters at a Time. Time Magazine (online). Retrieved on 16 August 2017, Available at http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/05/10/tweets-in-space-contacting-e-t-140-characters-at-a-time/.Google Scholar
Chandler, DL (2009) ET: Check your voicemail. MIT News (online). Retrieved on 2 October 2017, Available at http://news.mit.edu/2009/sketch-rubisco.Google Scholar
Chilton, M (2016) 100 weird objects sent into space. The Telegraph. Retrieved on 27 September 2016, Available at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/music/news/100-weird-objects-in-space/Google Scholar
Chorost, M (2016) How a Couple of Guys Built the Most Ambitious Alien Outreach Project Ever. Smithsonian Air & Space Magazine (online). Retrieved on 7 June 2017, Available at http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-couple-guys-built-most-ambitious-alien-outreach-project-ever-180960473/.Google Scholar
Closer Productions (2015) Sam Klemke's Time Machine. Closer Productions. Retrieved on 19 October 2017, Available at http://closerproductions.com.au/films/sam-klemkes-time-machine.Google Scholar
Coldewey, D (2016) To the Moon! Lunar XPRIZE team looks to send Wikipedia into space aboard homemade rover. TechCrunch. Retrieved on 20 April 2018, Available at https://techcrunch.com/2016/04/21/to-the-moon-lunar-xprize-team-looks-to-send-wikipedia-into-space-aboard-homemade-rover/.Google Scholar
Collect Space (2008) To Pluto, with postage: Nine mementos fly with NASA's first mission to the last planet. CollectSpace.com. Retrieved on 3 January 2017, Available at http://www.collectspace.com/news/news-102808a.html.Google Scholar
Collect Space (2011) LEGO figures flying on NASA Jupiter probe. CollectSpace.com. Retrieved on 17 January 2017, Available at http://www.collectspace.com/news/news-080411a.html.Google Scholar
Collect Space (2014) Your name in space: NASA asteroid probe latest mission to fly names. Collect Space.com. Retrieved on 18 February 2017, Available at http://www.collectspace.com/news/news-011514a-send-your-name-space.html.Google Scholar
Coyle, J (2008) Stephen Colbert to have his DNA sent to space. Welt (online). Retrieved on 7 June 2017, Available at https://www.welt.de/english-news/article2411553/Stephen-Colbert-to-have-his-DNA-sent-to-space.html.Google Scholar
Creative Time (2017) Trevor Paglen: The Last Pictures. Creative Time website. Retrieved on 2 January 2017, Available at http://creativetime.org/projects/the-last-pictures/.Google Scholar
Davis, J (2016) Selfies, messages and names delivered for LightSail 2 flight. The Planetary Society. Retrieved on 17 April 2017, Available at http://www.planetary.org/blogs/jason-davis/2016/20160328-mini-DVD-delivered.html.Google Scholar
De Paulis, D (2017) Cogito. Daniela de Paulis website. Retrieved on 12 June 2018, Available at http://www.danieladepaulis.com/?p=307Google Scholar
De Paulis, D (2018) Cogito. Cogito website. Retrieved on 12 June 2018, Available at http://www.cogitoinspace.org/CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Debczak, M (2017) Artist Plans to Launch a Giant Sculpture into Orbit. Mental Floss.com. Retrieved on 2 October 2017, Available at http://mentalfloss.com/article/504849/artist-plans-launch-giant-sculpture-orbit.Google Scholar
Diamond Sky Productions (2013) Message to the Milky Way. Diamond Sky Productions. Retrieved on 14 August 2017, Available at http://diamondskyproductions.com/recent/index.php#mmw.Google Scholar
Dominus, M (2015) A Message to the Aliens (Introduction). The Universe of Discourse (blog). Retrieved on 18 August 2017, Available at http://blog.plover.com/aliens/dd/intro.html.Google Scholar
Dumas, S (2010) The 1999 and 2003 messages explained. Retrieved on 1 February 2017, Available at http://www.plover.com/misc/Dumas-Dutil/messages.pdf.Google Scholar
Dumas, S (2015) Message to Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence – a Historical Perspective. Researchgate. Available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281036518_Message_to_Extra-Terrestrial_Intelligence_-_a_historical_perspective.Google Scholar
Dumas, S and Dutil, Y (2010) The Evpatoria Messages. SETI League; Contact in Context. Retrieved on 23 April 2017, Available at https://www.plover.com/misc/Dumas-Dutil/evpatoria07.pdf.Google Scholar
Dumas, S and Dutil, Y (2016) Annotated Cosmic Call Primer. Smithsonian Air & Space Magazine (online). Retrieved on 14 October 2016, Available at https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/annotated-cosmic-call-primer-180960566/.Google Scholar
Elwenspoek, MC (2011) Long-time data storage: relevant time scales. Challenges, Vol.2 Issue 1 pp 19–16.Google Scholar
European Space Agency (2004 a) Rock'N’Rolling for Titan. European Space Agency: Our Activities. Retrieved on 5 November 2017, Available at http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Cassini-Huygens/Rock_n_roll_heading_for_Titan.Google Scholar
European Space Agency (2004 b) CD-ROM Attached to Huygens. European Space Agency: Cassini-Huygens. Retrieved on 4 January 2017, Available at http://sci.esa.int/cassini-huygens/26564-cd-rom-attached-to-huygens/.Google Scholar
European Space Agency (2013) Wake Up, Rosetta! European Space Agency: Our Activities. Retrieved on 6 April 2015, Available at http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Rosetta/Wake_up_Rosetta.Google Scholar
European Space Agency (2014) The Competition Winners Who Helped Us Wake Up Rosetta! European Space Agency: Rosetta. Retrieved on 12 November 2017, Available at http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Rosetta/The_competition_winners_who_helped_us_wake_up_RosettaGoogle Scholar
European Space Agency (2016) Three Thousand Drawings to Fly into Space on CHEOPS. European Space Agency: CHEOPS. Retrieved on 5 April 2017, Available at http://sci.esa.int/cheops/57659-three-thousand-drawings-to-fly-into-space-on-cheops/.Google Scholar
European Space Agency (2018) ESA honoured to take part in Hawking tribute. European Space Agency: Art & Culture in Space. Retrieved on 15 June 2018, Available at https://www.esa.int/About_Us/Art_Culture_in_Space/ESA_honoured_to_take_part_in_Hawking_tribute.Google Scholar
Explore Mars (2014) Time Capsule to Mars. Time Capsule to Mars website. Retrieved on 13 September 2017, Available at http://www.timecapsuletomars.com/.Google Scholar
Foust, J (2016) German X Prize team announces launch contract. SpaceNews (online). Retrieved on 20 April 2018, Available at http://spacenews.com/german-x-prize-team-announces-launch-contract/.Google Scholar
Gertz, J (2016) Reviewing METI: a critical analysis of the arguments. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, 31–36 (arXiv: 1605.05663).Google Scholar
Gilster, P (2009) “RuBisCo Stars” and the Riddle of Life. Centauri-Dreams (online). Retrieved on 19 May 2017, Available at https://www.centauri-dreams.org/?p=10283.Google Scholar
Gitlin, JM (2015) Building an archive on the Moon (and doing science, too). Ars Technica. Retrieved on 15 March 2017, Available at https://arstechnica.com/science/2015/12/lunar-mission-one-is-crowdsourcing-a-trip-to-the-moon/.Google Scholar
Gohring, N (2013) Lone Signal aims to send “hello!” tweets to extraterrestrials. CNN Money. Retrieved on 28 May 2017, Available at http://www.webcitation.org/6Hk9s9TD4?url=http://money.cnn.com/2013/06/17/technology/enterprise/lone-signal/index.html.Google Scholar
Goldsmith, D and Owen, TC (2001) The Search for Life in the Universe. Herndon, VA: University Science Books (ISBN: 1891389165).Google Scholar
Greicius, T (2017) More Than 2.4 Million Names Are Going to Mars. NASA. Retrieved on 14 September 2017, Available at https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/more-than-24-million-names-are-going-to-mars.Google Scholar
Griffin, A (2014) Lunar Mission One to crowdfund moon drilling project by offering space time capsules on Kickstarter. Independent (online). Retrieved on 4 February 2017, Available at http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/lunar-mission-one-to-crowdfund-moon-drilling-project-by-offering-space-time-capsules-on-kickstarter-9869561.html.Google Scholar
Griggs, MB (2015) How To See If Your Name Is Going To Pluto On The New Horizons Spacecraft. Popular Science. Retrieved on 23 August 2017, Available at http://www.popsci.com/check-and-see-if-your-name-going-pluto-new-horizons-spacecraft.Google Scholar
Grinspoon, D (2003) Lonely Planets: The Natural Philosophy of Alien Life. New York: Harper Collins Publishers Inc. (ISBN: 9780060185404).Google Scholar
Grush, L (2018) This non-profit plans to send millions of Wikipedia pages to the Moon – printed on tiny metal sheets. The Verge (online). Retrieved on 20 May 2018, Available at https://www.theverge.com/2018/5/15/17353194/lunar-library-wikipedia-moon-arch-foundation-astrobotic-spacex.Google Scholar
Guzman, M, Welch, C and Hein, AM (2015) Eternal Memory: Long-Duration Storage Concepts for Space. Conference Paper: 66th International Astronautical Congress, Jerusalem, Israel.Google Scholar
Hawking Foundation (2018) The Stephen Hawking Tribute CD. Stephen Hawking interment (website). Retrieved on 16 June 2018, Available at https://www.stephenhawkinginterment.com/thecd/.Google Scholar
Highfield, R (2008) UK astronomers to broadcast adverts to aliens. The Telegraph (online). Retrieved on 2 February 2017, Available at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/science-news/3335306/UK-astronomers-to-broadcast-adverts-to-aliens.html.Google Scholar
Holler, W (2014) Student Led Time Capsule to Mars Project Most Ambitious Crowd-Funded Campaign In History. Explore Mars website. Retrieved on 7 February 2017, Available at https://www.exploremars.org/student-led-time-capsule-to-mars-project-most-ambitious-crowd-funded-campaign-in-history.Google Scholar
Human Document Project (2017) The Human Document Project (HUDOC). Retrieved on 4 September 2017, Available at http://hudoc2017.manucodiata.org/.Google Scholar
IT News (2009) NASA to text message interplanetary cousins. IT News.com. Retrieved on 15 August 2016, Available at https://www.itnews.com.au/news/nasa-to-text-message-interplanetary-cousins-152737.Google Scholar
JAXA (2009 a) Venus Climate Orbiter “AKATSUKI” (PLANET-C) Message Campaign. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Retrieved on 5 February 2016, Available at http://global.jaxa.jp/press/2009/10/20091023_akatsuki_campaign_e.html.Google Scholar
JAXA (2009 b) We will deliver your message to the brightest star Venus” –”AKATSUKI” Message Campaign – Deadline for accepting messages extended. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Retrieved on 15 March 2016, Available at http://global.jaxa.jp/projects/sat/planet_c/topics.html.Google Scholar
JAXA Space Education Center (2013) Usuda Space Camp Year 2013 (Japanese). Retrieved on 26 November 2017, Available at http://edu.jaxa.jp/education/participation/cosmic_advanced/archive/2013/saku_udsc1/.Google Scholar
JAXA Space Education Center (2014) Usuda Space Camp Year 2014 (Japanese). Retrieved on 26 November 2017, Available at http://edu.jaxa.jp/education/participation/cosmic_advanced/archive/2014/udsc_2/.Google Scholar
Jenner, L (2009) 1.6 Million Names to the Moon. NASA. Retrieved on 16 February 2017, Available at https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/LRO/multimedia/million_names.html.Google Scholar
Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (2016) Search by name and Last Name. Pluto.JHUAPL.edu. Retrieved on 16 September 2017, Available at http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/Mission/Communications/Search-Name.php.Google Scholar
Johnson, SL (2008) Red, white & blue: U.S. Flag at home on the moon. Houston History Magazine 6, 60.Google Scholar
Jones, T (2010) How would you break the ‘Eerie Silence’ – winners! Zoonomian (blog): Communicate Science. Retrieved on 2 May 2017, Available at https://communicatescience.com/zoonomian/2010/03/15/how-would-you-break-the-eerie-silence-winners/.Google Scholar
Kalder, D (2013) Turkmenistan: Proudly Maintaining the Tradition of Dictator Literature. Publishing Perspectives.com. Retrieved on 14 October 2017, Available at https://publishingperspectives.com/2013/12/turkmenistan-proudly-maintaining-the-tradition-of-dictator-literature/.Google Scholar
Kaplan, M (2007) Send a New Year's Message to the Moon on Japan's SELENE Mission. The Planetary Society. Retrieved on 17 August 2016, Available at http://www.planetary.org/press-room/releases/2007/0111_Send_a_New_Years_Message_to_the_Moon.html.Google Scholar
Katz, L (2012) Finally, a chance to tweet to aliens. Cnet. Retrieved on 29 October 2017, Available at https://www.cnet.com/news/finally-a-chance-to-tweet-to-aliens/.Google Scholar
KEO (2013) KEO: The satellite that carries the hopes of the world. KEO.org. Retrieved on 12 September 2015, Available at http://www.keo.org/uk/pages/message.php.Google Scholar
Kiss, J (2008) Bebo tries to contact Earth-like planet. The Guardian. Retrieved on 4 August 2017, Available at https://www.theguardian.com/media/2008/jul/29/bebo.digitalmedia.Google Scholar
Kitchen, WJ (2017) The Interstellar Beacon. Retrieved on 12 June 2017, Available at https://www.interstellarbeacon.org/Google Scholar
Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio-engineering and Electronics (2008) MIR, LENIN, SSSR. Retrieved on 24 August 2015, Available at http://www.cplire.ru/html/ra&sr/irm/MIR-LENIN-SSSR.html.Google Scholar
Kramer, M (2013) New Project Will Send Your Messages to Aliens in Deep Space. Space.com. Retrieved on 13 June 2017, Available at https://www.space.com/21528-alien-intelligence-messages-lone-signal.html.Google Scholar
Kunze, M (2018) Memory of Mankind. Memory of Mankind website. Retrieved on 14 December 2017, Available at https://www.memory-of-mankind.com/.Google Scholar
Lalwani, M (2016) NASA wants to send your art on a round-trip to space. Engadget.com. Retrieved on 14 March 2017, Available at https://www.engadget.com/2016/02/19/nasa-wants-to-send-your-art-on-a-round-trip-to-space/.Google Scholar
Landes, N (2016) In 1969, Warhol, Rauschenberg, and Chamberlain Sent Their Art To The Moon. Artsy (online). Retrieved on 13 June 2018, Available at https://www.artsy.net/article/artsy-editorial-how-warhol-rauschenberg-and-chamberlain-smuggled-art-onto-the-moon.Google Scholar
Leonard, D (2009) Send ET a Text Message From Earth. Space.com. Retrieved on 24 August 2017, Available at https://www.space.com/7140-send-text-message-earth.html.Google Scholar
Leonard, D (2018) Is the Tesla Roadster Flying on the Falcon Heavy's Maiden Flight Just Space Junk? Space.com. Retrieved on 7 February 2018, Available at https://www.space.com/39602-falcon-heavy-tesla-not-just-space-junk.html.Google Scholar
Lewis, J (2017) Deep Space Communications Network. Retrieved on 3 August 2017, Available at http://deepspacecom.net/view-transmission/.Google Scholar
Li, S (2014) A Time Capsule on the Moon. The Atlantic (online). Retrieved on 27 February 2017, Available at https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2014/11/a-time-capsule-on-the-moon/383052/.Google Scholar
Lomberg, J (2004) A Portrait of Humanity. Jon Lomberg website. Retrieved on 13 August 2015, Available at www.jonlomberg.com/articles.html.Google Scholar
Lomberg, J (2010) Artist Jon Lomberg. Jon Lomberg website. Retrieved on 3 January 2017, Available at https://www.jonlomberg.com/profile.html.Google Scholar
Lomberg, J (2016) One Earth Message. One Earth Message website. Retrieved on 8 March 2017, Available at htttp:// www.oneearthmessage.org.Google Scholar
López del Rincón, D (2015) Bioarte: arte vida en la era de la biotechnología (Spanish). Gobierno de España: Ministerio de Cultura (ISBN: 9788446042464).Google Scholar
Luxorion (2006) Messages aux extraterrestres: Cosmic Connexion, (French). Luxorion. Retrieved on 4 November 2017, Available at http://www.astrosurf.com/luxorion/seti-messages.htm.Google Scholar
Malkin, B (2018) SpaceX oddity: how Elon Musk sent a car towards Mars. The Guardian (online). Retrieved on 7 February 2018, Available at https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/feb/07/space-oddity-elon-musk-spacex-car-mars-falcon-heavy.Google Scholar
Malloy, J (2016) Social Media Archaeology and Poetics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (ISBN: 9780262034654).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Manz, A (2010) The Human Document Project and Challenges. Researchgate (doi: 10.3390/challe1010003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marshall, M (2010) Earth calling: A short history of radio messages to ET. New Scientist (online). Retrieved on 16 October 2016, Available at https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18417-earth-calling-a-short-history-of-radio-messages-to-et/.Google Scholar
Matogawa, Y (2005) Hayabusa: To 880,000 Little Princes and Princesses. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Retrieved on 5 February 2016, Available at http://www.isas.ac.jp/e/snews/2005/1130_tm.shtml.Google Scholar
McCracken, E (2016) Artistic Odyssey to Send Messages to Stars. University of Edinburgh. Retrieved on 14 February 2016, Available at http://www.ed.ac.uk/news/2016/starmessage-030216.Google Scholar
Minnesotastan (2010) Gold Olive Branch Left on the Moon. Neatorama.com. Retrieved on 19 December 2016, Available at http://www.neatorama.com/2010/11/10/gold-olive-branch-left-on-the-moon/.Google Scholar
MoonArk (2017) Moon Ark: An Epochal Artifact Designed to Communicate forward across Time and Space. Moon Arts website. Retrieved on 18 August 2017, Available at http://moonarts.org/.Google Scholar
Moore, M (2008) Messages from Earth sent to distant planet by Bebo. The Telegraph. Retrieved on 14 June 2017, Available at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/howaboutthat/3166709/Messages-from-Earth-sent-to-distant-planet-by-Bebo.html.Google Scholar
Murrill, MB (1997) Signatures from Earth Board Spacecraft to Saturn. NASA. Retrieved on 9 October 2017, Available at https://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/news/2157/signatures-from-earth-board-spacecraft-to-saturn/.Google Scholar
Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) (2018) Various Artists with Andy Warhol, Claes Oldenburg, David Novros, Forrest Myers, Robert Rauschenberg, John Chamberlain – The Moon Museum 1969. Museum of Modern Art website. Retrieved on 13 June 2018, Available at https://www.moma.org/collection/works/62272.Google Scholar
NASA (1969) Apollo 11 Goodwill Messages. NASA Press Kit for Apollo 11 Goodwill Messages. NASA. Retrieved on 16 January 2016, Available at https://history.nasa.gov/ap11-35ann/goodwill/Apollo_11_material.pdf.Google Scholar
NASA (1999) Stardust Launch: Press Kit. NASA. Retrieved on 4 April 2017, Available at https://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/files/misc/stardust.pdf.Google Scholar
NASA (2004) DVD with Signatures on Way to Saturn. NASA. Retrieved on 9 October 2017, Available at https://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/news/2803/dvd-with-signatures-on-way-to-saturn/.Google Scholar
NASA (2007) Dawn Community: All Aboard the Dawn Spacecraft. NASA. Retrieved on 14 May 2017, Available at https://dawn.jpl.nasa.gov/DawnCommunity/.Google Scholar
NASA (2008) NASA Kepler Mission Offers Opportunity to Send Names Into Space. NASA. Retrieved on 14 June 2016, Available at https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2008-073.Google Scholar
NASA (2010) Send Your Name to Mars. Mars.NASA.gov. Retrieved on 14 July 2017, Available at https://mars.nasa.gov/msl/participate/sendyourname/.Google Scholar
NASA (2014) NASA Invites Public to Send Names on an Asteroid Mission and Beyond. NASA. Retrieved on 17 October 2017, Available at https://www.nasa.gov/press/2014/january/nasa-invites-public-to-send-names-on-an-asteroid-mission-and-beyond/.Google Scholar
NASA (2018) More Than 1.1 Million Names Installed On NASA's Parker Solar Probe. NASA. Retrieved on 2 May 2018, Available at https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/more-than-11-million-names-installed-on-nasa-s-parker-solar-probe.Google Scholar
NASA Content Administrator (2008) NASA Beams Beatles’ ‘Across the Universe’ Into Space. NASA. Retrieved on 14 September 2016, Available at https://www.nasa.gov/topics/universe/features/across_universe.html.Google Scholar
NASA Content Administrator (2011) Juno Jupiter Mission to Carry Plaque Dedicated to Galileo. NASA. Retrieved on 17 February 2017, Available at https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/juno/news/galileo20110803.html.Google Scholar
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (1978) The Martian Landscape. Washington: NASA, U.S. Government Printing Office (Catalogue No. 1.21:425).Google Scholar
National Geographic (2012) The Wow Signal: How We'll Reply. Retrieved on 16 April 2017, Available at http://web.archive.org/web/20120819043043/http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/channel/chasing-ufos/the-wow-signal-how-we-ll-reply/.Google Scholar
Naubaum, A (2005) Intergalactic Communications: Tele-Spamming our Alien Brethren. Popular Science (online). Retrieved on 14 May 2017, Available at http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-space/article/2005-05/intergalactic-communications.Google Scholar
NBC News (2008) NASA beaming Beatles tune to the stars. Retrieved on 13 September 2016, Available at http://www.nbcnews.com/id/22951001#.WWuzR-ko-Uk.Google Scholar
NBC News (2014) Maven and MOM Orbiters Close In on Their Moments of Truth at Mars. NBC News. Retrieved on 3 March 2017, Available at http://www.nbcnews.com/science/space/maven-mom-orbiters-close-their-moments-truth-mars-n207616.Google Scholar
New Horizons Message Initiative (2015) New Horizons Message Initiative. New Horizons Message.com. Retrieved on 12 March 2017, Available at https://www.newhorizonsmessage.com/.Google Scholar
Obsorne, D (2009) Send a text message to ET via Hello From Earth. Geek.com. Retrieved on 17 August 2016, Available at https://www.geek.com/news/send-a-text-message-to-et-via-hello-from-earth-871361/.Google Scholar
O’ Donnell, B and Worrell, D (1976) NASA Press Kit for Project LAGEOS. NASA. Retrieved on 16 October 2015.Google Scholar
Oglethorpe University (1990) International Time Capsule Society. Retrieved 12 March 2017, Available at https://crypt.oglethorpe.edu/international-time-capsule-society/.Google Scholar
O’ Grady, M (2017) Art for a Post-Surveillance Age. The New York Times (online). Retrieved on 29 August 2017, Available at https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/29/t-magazine/art/trevor-paglen.html.Google Scholar
Orbital Reflector (2017) The Orbital Reflector. Orbital Reflector.com. Retrieved on 19 November 2017, Available at http://orbitalreflector.com/.Google Scholar
Orwig, J (2015) Apollo 16 astronaut explains hidden message behind the family portrait he left on the moon. Independent (online). Retrieved on 17 April 2016, Available at http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/apollo-16-astronaut-explains-hidden-message-behind-the-family-portrait-he-left-on-the-moon-a6718111.html.Google Scholar
Overbye, D (2008) One Alien to Another: A Broadcast to the Stars. The New York Times (online). Retrieved on 2 March 2017, Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/12/science/space/12earth.html.Google Scholar
Paglen, T (2012) The Last Pictures. Los Angeles/London: Creative Time Books (New York) & University of California Press (ISBN: 9780520275003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Par, R (2010) IKAROS. Onward to Venus! Parman.blogspot (public blog). Retrieved on 2 November 2017, Available at http://parman.blogspot.com/2010/05/jaxa-onward-to-venus-at-258-pm-pacific.html.Google Scholar
Pearlman, RZ (2007) The Untold Story: How One Small Disc Carried One Giant Message for Mankind. Space.com. Retrieved on 14 September 2017, Available at https://www.space.com/4655-untold-story-small-disc-carried-giant-message-mankind.html.Google Scholar
Pickard, G (2014) Was Lone Signal Tweets to Space Project Just a Scam? Top Secret Writer (See Article & Comments). Retrieved on 14 August 2017, Available at http://www.topsecretwriters.com/2014/02/was-lone-signal-tweets-to-space-project-just-a-scam/.Google Scholar
Pink Tentacle (2008) Alien e-mail reply to arrive in 2015? Retrieved on 24 March 2017, Available at http://pinktentacle.com/2008/05/alien-e-mail-reply-to-arrive-in-2015/.Google Scholar
Planetary Society (2010) The IKAROS Names Disc. The Planetary Society. Retrieved on14 February 2017, Available at http://www.planetary.org/multimedia/space-images/spacecraft/ikaros_names_disc.html.Google Scholar
Planetary Society (2014) Messages from Earth: Hayabusa 2. The Planetary Society. Retrieved on 28 January 2017, Available at http://www.planetary.org/get-involved/messages/hayabusa-2/.Google Scholar
Planetary Society (2016) OSIRIS-Rex: Messages to Bennu! Retrieved on 2 November 2017, Available at http://www.planetary.org/get-involved/messages/bennu/.Google Scholar
Planetary Society (2016) Selfie to Space. The Planetary Society. Retrieved on 16 January 2017, Available at http://www.planetary.org/get-involved/messages/lightsail/.Google Scholar
Planetary Society (2017) Members’ Names Flying to Space. The Planetary Society. Retrieved on 2 November 2017, Available at http://www.planetary.org/get-involved/messages/namesinspace.html.Google Scholar
Planetary Society (2018) Visions of Mars. Planetary Society. Retrieved on 16 January 2018, Available at http://www.planetary.org/explore/projects/vom//.Google Scholar
Press Trust of India (2015) Rover to carry Earth's art, poetry, music to the Moon. India Express (online). Retrieved on 24 August 2017, Available at http://indianexpress.com/article/trending/rover-to-carry-earths-art-poetry-music-to-the-moon/.Google Scholar
Puli Space (2016) MOM on the MOON. Puli Space website. Retrieved on 18 January 2018, Available at http://pulispace.com/en/mom-on-the-moon.Google Scholar
Quast, P (2017) A Human Perspective of Earth: An overview of dominant themes to emerge from global ‘A Simple Response…’ messages. Researchgate (doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.36341.78563).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Quast, P (2018) Beyond the Earth – Preliminary Specifications. Researchgate (doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34111.00169). Retrieved on 10 February 2018, Available at https://www.researchgate.net/project/Beyond-the-Earth-Foundation.Google Scholar
Real Time (2008) Cynthia Troup: Silloh S. Weiland and Yelling at the Stars. Real Time Arts (online). Retrieved on 4 November 2017, Available at http://www.realtimearts.net/article/88/9233.Google Scholar
Redazione, ASI (2012) Curiosity has landed on Mars. ASI- Agenzia Spaziale Italiana News. Retrieved on 21 February 2017, Available at http://www.asi.it/en/news/curiosity-has-landed-mars.Google Scholar
Red Encounter (2003) What is Red Encounter? RedEncounter.ESA.Net. Retrieved on 28 November 2017, Available at http://redencounter.esa.int/.Google Scholar
Reddy, F (2005) Hayabusa owns a piece of the rock. Astronomy.com. Retrieved on 11 June 2018, Available at http://www.astronomy.com/news-observing/news/2005/11/hayabusa%20owns%20a%20piece%20of%20the%20rock.Google Scholar
Reid, M (2009) Immortality Drive. Gandt Blog. Retrieved on 6 April 2017, Available at http://gandt.blogs.brynmawr.edu/2009/04/19/immortality-drive/.Google Scholar
Rein, H, Tamayo, D and Vokrouhlicky, D (2018) The random walk of cars and their collision probabilities with planets. Cornell University Library (arXiv: 1802.04718v1). Retrieved on 21 February 2018, Available at https://arxiv.org/pdf/1802.04718.pdf.Google Scholar
Rense (2008) Fox to Beam Day The Earth Stood Still Into Space. Rense.com. Retrieved on 17 April 2017, Available at http://www.rense.com/general84/fox.htm.Google Scholar
Reuters (2010) Klingon opera prepares for interstellar debut. Reuters.com. Retrieved on 14 August 2017, Available at http://www.reuters.com/article/us-klingons-idUSTRE6891EZ20100910.Google Scholar
Richards, J (2014) HELENA – Oxygen Production & Art Time Capsule. Mars One Community (online). Retrieved on 10 November 2016, Available at https://community.mars-one.com/projects/helena.Google Scholar
Rogers, S (2017) This Tiny Little Disk Contains a Microscopic Archive of All Languages in the World. Interesting Engineering (online). Retrieved on 19 June 2017, Available at https://interestingengineering.com/this-tiny-little-disk-contains-a-microscopic-archive-of-all-languages-in-the-world.Google Scholar
Sagan, C (1978) Murmurs of Earth: The Voyager Interstellar Record. USA: Ballantine Books (ISBN: 978-0345315366).Google Scholar
Sagan, C, Salzman-Sagan, L and Drake, F (1972) A message from earth. Science 175, 881884.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Saint-Gelais, R (2014) Beyond linear B; the metasemiotic challenge of communication with extraterrestrial intelligence. In Vakoch, DA (ed.), Archaeology, Anthropology, and Interstellar Communication. Washington DC: NASA, pp. 7994.Google Scholar
Salce, C (2015) Sam Klemke's Time Machine Review: A Brutally Honest Time Capsule. Nuke the Fridge. Retrieved on 19 October 2017, Available at http://nukethefridge.com/sam-klemkes-time-machine-review-a-brutally-honest-time-capsule/.Google Scholar
Scharf, CA (2012 a) Tweets in space are go – today! Scientific American. Retrieved on 23 September 2017, Available at https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/life-unbounded/tweets-in-space-are-go-today/.Google Scholar
Scharf, CA (2012 b) Tweets in Space! Scientific American. Retrieved on 23 September 2017, Available at https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/life-unbounded/tweets-in-space/.Google Scholar
Schulze-Makuch, D (2016) Is Beaming Messages to Other Stars a Wise Idea? Smithsonian Air & Space Magazine (online). Retrieved on 9 October 2016, Available at https://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/beaming-messages-other-stars-wise-idea-180960723/?no-ist.Google Scholar
Scuka, D (2016) A Simple Response. ESA Rocket Science Blog. Retrieved on 28 July 2016, Available at http://blogs.esa.int/rocketscience/2016/07/28/a-simple-response/.Google Scholar
Sent Forever (2009) Personal Messages Sent into Space at the Speed of Light. Send2press.com. Retrieved on 2 May 2017, Available at https://www.send2press.com/wire/2009-07-0716-002/.Google Scholar
Shanks, S (2016) One Earth is working to keep the legacy alive. Planetarium (online). Retrieved on 14 June 2017, Available at http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.ips-planetarium.org/resource/resmgr/Opportunities/One_Earth_Message.pdf.Google Scholar
Shiner, L (2013) First Man on Mars: Leonardo di Vinci. Smithsonian Air & Space Magazine (online). Retrieved on 22 November 2016, Available at https://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/first-man-on-mars-leonardo-da-vinci-7012414/.Google Scholar
Shujiro, S (2003) With the Hopes of 880,000 People: Hayabusa Target Markers. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Retrieved on 5 February 2016, Available at http://global.jaxa.jp/article/special/hayabusa/sawai_e.html.Google Scholar
Smithsonian Air & Space Museum (2017) Sculpture, Fallen Astronaut. Smithsonian Air & Space Museum website. Retrieved on 3 July 2016, Available at https://airandspace.si.edu/collection-objects/sculpture-fallen-astronaut?object=nasm_A19860035000.Google Scholar
Smithsonian Institution (2018) Apollo 11 Plaque (ID: S69-38749). Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. Retrieved on 10 June 2018, Available at https://airandspace.si.edu/multimedia-gallery/5515hjpg.Google Scholar
Sónar (2017) Sónar celebrates 25 years of the festival by contacting intelligent extraterrestrial life. Sónar Music Festival Press Release (online). Retrieved on 29 March 2018, Available at http://intranet.sonar.es/mailing/1128/en.html.Google Scholar
Southorn, G (2010) The Eerie Silence - winning messages! Sky at Night Magazine (online). Retrieved on 17 July 2017, Available at http://www.skyatnightmagazine.com/forum/the-eerie-silence-winning-messages-t110073.html.Google Scholar
Space Daily (2008) Doritos Makes History With World's First ET Advert. Space Daily (online). Retrieved on 2 November 2016, Available at http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Doritos_Makes_History_With_World_First_ET_Advert_999.html.Google Scholar
Spivack, N (2016 a) Let's Put Wikipedia in Space: The Arch Project. Nova Spivack (blog). Retrieved on 7 February 2018, Available at http://www.novaspivack.com/uncategorized/wikipedia-in-space.Google Scholar
Spivack, N (2016 b) The ARCH Foundation. Space Talk: The Next Generation, Autumn/ Winter 2016. Retrieved on 7 February 2018, Available at https://drive.google.com/file/d/10-LXJ2ZKFpc0L6LKvD4nbAOlvg-6EXFm/view.Google Scholar
Studio for Creative Inquiry (2017) MoonArk. Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved on 15 September 2017, Available at http://studioforcreativeinquiry.org/grants/moonark.Google Scholar
Sutherland, P (2015) Has Britain's lost Mars probe been found after 11 Years? UK Space Agency mysteriously announces it will give ‘update’ on missing Beagle spacecraft on Friday. Daily Mail (online). Retrieved on 4 June 2017, Available at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2907441/Missing-Mars-probe-Beagle-2-s-status-updated-UK-Space-Agency-Friday.htmlGoogle Scholar
Svec, J (2013) “BANG, ZOOM! Straight to the Moon!” Kickstarter.com. Retrieved on 14 February 2016, Available at https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/87824834/nanorosetta-own-a-print-of-the-human-genome/posts/452964.Google Scholar
Talk2ETs (2015) Talk2ETs. Retrieved on 4 August 2017, Available at http://www.talk2ets.com/Google Scholar
Than, K (2005) Craigslist gets beamed into space. CNN.com. Retrieved on 3 December 2016, Available at http://edition.cnn.com/2005/TECH/space/03/23/craigslist.space/.Google Scholar
The Arch Mission (2018) The ARCH Mission. The Arch Mission website. Retrieved on 7 February 2018, Available at https://www.archmission.com/.Google Scholar
The Editors of Sky & Telescope (2015) “Behind the Scenes” with New Horizons. Sky &Ttelescope Magazine (online). Retrieved on 18 January 2017, Available at http://www.skyandtelescope.com/sky-and-telescope-magazine/beyond-the-printed-page/behind-the-scenes-with-new-horizons-05142015/.Google Scholar
The Long Now Foundation (2009) The Rosetta Project. The Long Now Foundation. Retrieved on 6 April 2017, Available at www.rosettaproject.orgGoogle Scholar
Thomason, C (2008) Radio Ensures Memorable Messages are Sent Forever. Press Dispensary website. Retrieved on 1 May 2017, Available at https://pressdispensary.co.uk/releases/c991699/Radio-Ensures-Memorable-Messages-are-Sent-Forever.html.Google Scholar
Tweets in Space (2012) Tweets in Space. Tweets in Space website. Retrieved on 11 September 2017, Available at http://tweetsinspace.org/.Google Scholar
UKSEDS (2015) “Time Capsule to Mars” Aims for 2018 Mars Landing. UKSEDS.org. Retrieved on 4 February 2017, Available at http://ukseds.org/2015/02/tc2m/.Google Scholar
University of Colorado (2012) Maven: Send your name & message to Mars! University of Colorado, Bolder: Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics. Retrieved on 6 July 2017, Available at http://lasp.colorado.edu/maven/goingtomars/send-your-name/.Google Scholar
U-The Opera (2010) Official invitation sent to Qo'nos. U-The Opera (online). Retrieved on 14 August 2017, Available at http://www.u-theopera.org/official-invitation-sent-to-qo%E2%80%99nos.Google Scholar
Vakoch, DA (2009) Asymmetry in active SETI: a case for transmissions from earth. Acta Astronautica 68, 476488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vakoch, DA (2017) The message we're sending to nearby aliens is no threat to Earth. New Scientist (online). Retrieved on 29 March 2018, Available at https://www.newscientist.com/article/2153948-the-message-were-sending-to-nearby-aliens-is-no-threat-to-earth/.Google Scholar
Valentine, G (2011) An Awkward History of our Space Transmissions. Gizmodo. Retrieved on 19 July 2017, Available at https://gizmodo.com/5780084/an-awkward-history-of-our-space-transmissions.Google Scholar
Van Damme, C, Van Eeckhaut, M, Scherlippens, B and Willems, S (2009) Look/ Alike: Kunstenaarsprofielen en Artistiek Rollenspel in Hedendaagse Kunst. Gent, Belgium: Academia Press (9789038215228).Google Scholar
Wall, M (2014) Private Moon Mission Aims to Drill Into Lunar South Pole by 2024. Space.com. retrieved on 3 October 2016, Available at https://www.space.com/27807-private-moon-mission-lunar-one.html.Google Scholar
Washburn, M (2015) New Horizons One Earth Message. The Planetary Society. Retrieved on 22 June 2017, Available at http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/2015/0424-new-horizons-one-earth-message.html.Google Scholar
Wayne, G (2011) A Short History of Long-Term Thinking, for Our Fifty Thousand Year Time Capsule. Motherboard. Retrieved on 16 September 2016, Available at https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/3dd7xk/a-short-history-of-long-term-thinking-for-our-50-000-year-time-capsule.Google Scholar
Weltraum Kunst (2003–2016) The Project. Weltraum Kunst.de. Retrieved on 12 July 2016, Available at http://www.weltraumkunst.de/inhalte/project.htm.Google Scholar
Woods, A (1992) OURS – The Orbiting Unification Ring Satellite: A Global Artwork in Space for the Year 2000. Conference Paper; 1st European Space Art Symposium, Montreusx, Switzerland. Retrieved on 20 January 2018, Available at http://www.ours.ch/publications.php.Google Scholar
Yoshikawa, M, Hosoda, S, Sawada, H, Ogawa, N, Tsuda, Y, Kishi, A, Asakura, H and Hayabusa2 Public Outreach Team (2015) Public Outreach of Hayabusa2 Mission. 46th Lunar And Planetary Science Conference [2015]. Retrieved on 14 July 2017, Available at https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2015/pdf/1644.pdf.Google Scholar
Zaitsev, AL (2002 a) A Teen-Age Message to the Stars. SETI League. Retrieved on 16 September 2016, Available at http://www.setileague.org/articles/tam.htm.Google Scholar
Zaitsev, AL (2002 b) Design and Implementation of the 1st Theremin Concert for Aliens. Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio-engineering and Electronics. Retrieved on 24 August 2015, Available at http://www.cplire.ru/html/ra&sr/irm/Theremin-concert.html.Google Scholar
Zaitsev, AL (2006) Messaging to Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence. Moscow, Russia: Cornell University Library (arXiv: physics/0610031).Google Scholar
Zaitsev, AL (2008) The first musical interstellar radio message. Journal of Communications Technology 53, 11071113.Google Scholar
Zaitsev, AL (2011) Rationale for METI. Cornell University Library (arXiv: 1105.0910 9 physics.gen-ph]). Retrieved on 16 December 2017, Available at https://arxiv.org/abs/1105.0910.Google Scholar
Zaitsev, AL (2012) Classification of interstellar radio messages. Acta Astronautica 78, 1619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zaitsev, AL and Ignatov, SP (1999) Broadcast for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence from Evpatoria Deep Space Centre. Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio-engineering and Electronics. Retrieved on 29 July 2015, Available at http://www.cplire.ru/html/ra&sr/irm/report-1999.htmlGoogle Scholar
Zeluck, SR (1996) ‘Send Your Messages to Saturn’ Draws Huge Response. JPL.NASA.gov. Retrieved on 11 June 2017, Available at https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/releases/96/cdsign2.html.Google Scholar
Zhorov, I (2016) An Artistic Time Capsule Prepares To Hitch A Ride To The Moon. National Public Radio (online). Retrieved on 6 December 2016, Available at http://www.npr.org/2016/01/03/461795258/arts-capsule-to-hitch-a-ride-to-the-moon-on-carnegie-mellon-s-rover.Google Scholar
Zimmer, T (2009) The DVD on the Kepler Telescope. TorstenZimmer.com. Retrieved on 28 January 2017, Available at http://www.torstenzimmer.com/pages/kepler.htm.Google Scholar
Журнал Житомира (2009) В Евпатории отправили эмблему города Житомира в космос на 70 лет (Ukrainian). Журнал Житомира (online). Retrieved on 14 May 2017, Available at http://zhzh.info/news/2009-09-15-5762.Google Scholar
4
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

A profile of humanity: the cultural signature of Earth's inhabitants beyond the atmosphere
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

A profile of humanity: the cultural signature of Earth's inhabitants beyond the atmosphere
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

A profile of humanity: the cultural signature of Earth's inhabitants beyond the atmosphere
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *