Our article analyzes the impact of the European Union (EU) on border
conflicts, in particular how integration and association are related to
conflict transformation. We approach this issue from a theoretically as
well as empirically grounded constructivist perspective. On this basis we
propose a stage model of conflict development, based on the degree of
securitization and societal reach of conflict communication. We argue that
the EU can transform border conflicts and propose a four pathway-model of
EU impact. This model comprises forms of EU impact that are, on the one
hand, either actor-driven or indirectly caused by the integration process
and have, on the other hand, as their main target either particular
policies or the wider society in border conflict areas. We then apply this
model to a comparative study of border conflicts, thereby analyzing the
conflicts in Northern Ireland, Greece-Turkey, Cyprus, Europe's North
(EU-Russia) and Israel-Palestine. We finish with a specification of the
conditions of positive and negative EU impact.
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