This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
D. E. Clarke , R. van Reekum , M. Simard , D. L. Streiner , M. Freedman and D. Conn (2007). Apathy in dementia: an examination of the psychometric properties of the Apathy Evaluation Scale. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 19, 57–64.
D. E. Clarke (2008). Apathy in dementia: clinical and sociodemographic correlates. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 20, 337–347.
W. W. Eaton (1997). Natural history of Diagnostic Interview Schedule/DSM-IV major depression: the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area follow-up. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 993–999.
J. Fogel , W. W. Eaton and D. E. Ford (2006). Minor depression as a predictor of the first onset of major depressive disorder over a 15-year follow-up. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 113, 36–43.
M. F. Folstein , S. E. Folstein and P. R. McHugh (1975). “Mini-mental state”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198.
W. A. Kukull , E. B. Larson , L. Teri , J. Bowen , W. McCormick and M. L. Pfanschmidt (1994). The Mini-mental State Examination score and the clinical diagnosis of dementia. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 47, 1061–1067.
A. M. Landes , S. D. Sperry and M. E. Strauss (2005). Prevalence of apathy, dysphoria, and depression in relation to dementia severity in Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 17, 342–349.
H. Lavretsky , I. M. Lesser , M. Wohl , B. L. Miller and C. M. Mehringer (1999). Clinical and neuroradiologic features associated with chronicity in late-life depression. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 7, 309–316.
L. Lechowski (2009). Persistent apathy in Alzheimer's disease as an independent factor of rapid functional decline: the REAL longitudinal cohort study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 24, 341–346.
C. G. Lyketsos , O. Lopez , B. Jones , A. L. Fitzpatrick , J. Breitner and S. DeKosky (2002). Prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in dementia and mild cognitive impairment: results from the cardiovascular health study. JAMA, 288, 1475–1483.
R. S. Marin , R. C. Biedrzycki and S. Firinciogullari (1991). Reliability and validity of the Apathy Evaluation Scale. Psychiatry Research, 38, 143–162.
R. A. Miech , J. C. S. Breitner , P. P. Zandi , A. S. Khachaturian , J. C. Anthony and L. Mayer (2002). Incidence of AD may decline in the early 90s for men, later for women: the Cache County Study. Neurology, 58, 209–218.
M. M. Mielke (2007). Vascular factors predict rate of progression in Alzheimer disease. Neurology, 69, 1850–1858.
C. U. Onyike (2007). Epidemiology of apathy in older adults: the Cache County Study. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 365–375.
P. H. Robert (2006). Apathy in patients with mild cognitive impairment and the risk of developing dementia of Alzheimer's disease: a one-year follow-up study. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 108, 733–736.
M. Schützwohl , T. Kallert and L. Jurjanz (2007). Using the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN 2.1) as a diagnostic interview providing dimensional measures: cross-national findings on the psychometric properties of psychopathology scales. European Psychiatry, 22, 229–238.
S. E. Starkstein , G. Petracca , E. Chemeerinksi and J. Kremer (2001). Syndromic validity of apathy in Alzheimer's disease. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 872–877.
S. E. Starkstein , R. Jorge , R. Mizrahi and R. G. Robinson (2006). A prospective longitudinal study of apathy in Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 77, 8–11.
P. Thomas , J. P. Clément , C. Hazif-Thomas and J. M. Leger (2001). Family, Alzheimer's disease, and negative symptoms.International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16, 192–202.
R. van Reekum , D. T. Stuss and L. Ostrander (2005). Apathy: why care? Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 17, 7–19.