Hostname: page-component-6b989bf9dc-476zt Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-13T15:13:01.711Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Black Migration, White Flight: The Effect of Black Migration on Northern Cities and Labor Markets

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 May 2007

Leah Platt Boustan
Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, University of California, Los Angeles, 8283 Bunche Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1477. E-mail:


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
© 2007 The Economic History Association

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Baum-Snow Nathaniel. “Did Highways Cause Suburbanization?” Quarterly Journal of Economics 122, no. 2 (2007): forthcoming.Google Scholar
Black Sandra. “Do Better Schools Matter? Parental Valuation of Elementary Educa-tion.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 114, no. 2 (1999): 577-99.Google Scholar
Borjas George J.The Labor Demand Curve Is Downward Sloping: Re-examining the Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market.” Quarterly Jour-nal of Economics 118, no. X (2003): 1335-74.Google Scholar
Card David. “Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Market Impacts of Higher Immigration.” Journal of Labor Economics 19, no. 1 (2001): 22-64.Google Scholar
Collins William J., and Robert A. Margo. “The Economic Aftermath of the 1960s Ri-ots: Evidence from Property Values.” NBER Working Paper No. 10493, Cam-bridge, MA, May 2004.
Cutler David M., Edward L. Glaeser, and Jacob Vigdor. “The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto.” Journal of Political Economy 107, no. 3 (1999): 455-506.Google Scholar
Donohue John J., and James Heckman. “Continuous Versus Episodic Change: The Impact of Civil Rights Policy on the Economic Status of Blacks.” Journal of Economic Literature 29, no. 4, (1991): 1603-43.Google Scholar
Fligstein Neil. Going North: Migration of Blacks and Whites from the South, 1900-1950. New York: Academic Press, 1981.
Frey William H.Lifecourse Migration of Metropolitan Whites and Blacks and the Structure of Demographic Change in Large Central Cities.” American Socio-logical Review 49, no. 6 (1984): 803-27.Google Scholar
Gottlieb Peter. Making Their Own Way: Southern Blacks’ Migration to Pitts-burgh, 1916-30. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987.
Grossman James R. Land of Hope: Chicago, Black Southerners, and the Great Migration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.
Heim Carol. “Structural Changes: Regional and Urban.” In Cambridge Economic History of the United States, edited by S. Engerman and R. Gallman, 93-190. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Logan John. “The State of Public School Integration.” American Communities Pro-ject. 2004. Brown University.
Maloney Thomas N.Wage Compression and Wage Inequality Between Black and White Males in the United States, 1940-1960.” This JOURNAL 54, no. 2 (1994): 358-81.Google Scholar
Margo Robert A.Explaining the Postwar Suburbanization of Population in the United States: The Role of Income.” Journal of Urban Economics 31, no. 3 (1992): 301-10.Google Scholar
Margo Robert A.. “Explaining Black-White Wage Convergence, 1940-1950.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review 48, no. 3 (1995): 470-81.Google Scholar
Meyer Stephen Grant. As Long As They Don't Move Next Door: Segregation and Racial Conflict in American Neighborhoods. New York: Rowman and Lit-tlefield, Inc, 2000.
Myrdal Gunnar. An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy. 2nd edition. New York: Pantheon Books, 1962.
Ruggles Stephen, et al. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 3.0 [Ma-chine-readable database]. Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota Population Center, 2004.
Sugrue Thomas A. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Thurston Lawrence, and Anthony M. J. Yezer. “Causality in the Suburbanization of Population and Employment.” Journal of Urban Economics 35, no. 1 (1994): 105-18.Google Scholar
Trotter Joe William, Jr. Black Milwaukee: The Making of an Industrial Proletar-iat, 1915-45. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985.
Wright Gavin. Old South, New South: Revolutions in the Southern Economy Since the Civil War. New York: Basic Books, 1986.
United States Bureau of the Census. Census of Housing. Vol. 3. Block Statistics: 1960-1980. Various metropolitan areas. Washington, DC: GPO.
United States Bureau of the Census. Census of the Population. State of Birth of the Native Popula-tion: 1940. Washington, DC: GPO, 1944.
United States Bureau of the Census. Census of the Population. Internal Migration, 1935-40. Color and Sex of Migrants: 1940. Washington, DC: GPO, 1943.
United States Bureau of the Census. Census of Governments: 1957, 1967. Washington: GPO.
United States Bureau of the Census. County and City Data Book, Consolidated File: City/County Data, 1947-1977 [computer file]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, 2000.