The Emergence of the Welfare State in Britain and Germany. Edited by Mommsen W. J. in collaboration with Wolfgang Mock. London: Croom Helm Ltd., 1981. Distributed by Biblio Center, Totowa, New Jersey. Pp. 443. $31.00. From Pauperism to Poverty. By Williams Karel. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981. Pp. 383. $60.00 cloth.