Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 31
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Costa, A. Suzuki, Y.J. Cerminara, M. Devenish, B.J. Ongaro, T. Esposti Herzog, M. Van Eaton, A.R. Denby, L.C. Bursik, M. de' Michieli Vitturi, M. Engwell, S. Neri, A. Barsotti, S. Folch, A. Macedonio, G. Girault, F. Carazzo, G. Tait, S. Kaminski, E. Mastin, L.G. Woodhouse, M.J. Phillips, J.C. Hogg, A.J. Degruyter, W. and Bonadonna, C. 2016. Results of the eruptive column model inter-comparison study. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research,

    Röhrig, R. Jakirlić, S. and Tropea, C. 2016. Large eddy simulation of a light gas stratification break-up by an entraining turbulent fountain. Journal of Turbulence, Vol. 17, Issue. 9, p. 878.

    Freire, Daniel Kahan, Sandra Cabeza, Cecilia Sarasúa, Gustavo and Marti, Arturo C. 2015. The formation of coherent structures within turbulent fountains in stratified media. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids, Vol. 50, p. 89.

    Hunt, G.R. and Burridge, H.C. 2015. Fountains in Industry and Nature. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 47, Issue. 1, p. 195.

    Kheirkhah Gildeh, Hossein Mohammadian, Abdolmajid Nistor, Ioan Qiblawey, Hazim and Yan, Xiaohui 2015. CFD modeling and analysis of the behavior of 30° and 45° inclined dense jets – new numerical insights. Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research, p. 1.

    Mehaddi, Rabah Vaux, Samuel Candelier, Fabien and Vauquelin, Olivier 2015. On the modelling of steady turbulent fountains. Environmental Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 15, Issue. 6, p. 1115.

    Robinson, David Wood, Matthew Piggott, Matthew and Gorman, Gerard 2015. CFD modelling of marine discharge mixing and dispersion. Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research, p. 1.

    Dellino, P. Dioguardi, F. Mele, D. D’Addabbo, M. Zimanowski, B. Büttner, R. Doronzo, D. M. Sonder, I. Sulpizio, R. Dürig, T. and La Volpe, L. 2014. Volcanic jets, plumes, and collapsing fountains: evidence from large-scale experiments, with particular emphasis on the entrainment rate. Bulletin of Volcanology, Vol. 76, Issue. 6,

    Richards, Tamar S. Aubourg, Quentin and Sutherland, Bruce R. 2014. Radial intrusions from turbulent plumes in uniform stratification. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 26, Issue. 3, p. 036602.

    Rooney, G. G. and Devenish, B. J. 2014. Plume rise and spread in a linearly stratified environment. Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 108, Issue. 2, p. 168.

    Vinoth, B. R. and Panigrahi, P. K. 2014. Characteristics of low Reynolds number non-Boussinesq fountains from non-circular sources. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 26, Issue. 1, p. 014106.

    Baines, Peter G. 2013. The dynamics of intrusions into a density-stratified crossflow. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 25, Issue. 7, p. 076601.

    Ahmad, Nadeem and Baddour, Raouf E. 2012. Dilution and Penetration of Vertical Negatively Buoyant Thermal Jets. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 138, Issue. 10, p. 850.

    Bashitialshaaer, Raed Larson, Magnus and Persson, Kenneth M. 2012. An Experimental Investigation on Inclined Negatively Buoyant Jets. Water, Vol. 4, Issue. 4, p. 720.

    Ezhova, E. V. Sergeev, D. A. Kandaurov, A. A. and Troitskaya, Yu. I. 2012. Nonsteady dynamics of turbulent axisymmetric jets in stratified fluid: Part 1. Experimental study. Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, Vol. 48, Issue. 4, p. 409.

    Mier-Torrecilla, M. Geyer, A. Phillips, J. C. Idelsohn, S. R. and Oñate, E. 2012. Numerical simulations of negatively buoyant jets in an immiscible fluid using the Particle Finite Element Method. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, Vol. 69, Issue. 5, p. 1016.

    Sutherland, Bruce R. Lee, Brace and Ansong, Joseph K. 2012. Light attenuation experiments on double diffusive plumes and fountains. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 24, Issue. 6, p. 066605.

    Papakonstantis, Ilias G. Christodoulou, George C. and Papanicolaou, Panos N. 2011. Inclined negatively buoyant jets 1: geometrical characteristics. Journal of Hydraulic Research, Vol. 49, Issue. 1, p. 3.

    Wang, Ruo-Qian Wing-Keung Law, Adrian and Adams, E. Eric 2011. Pinch-off and formation number of negatively buoyant jets. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 23, Issue. 5, p. 052101.

    Peterson, Andrew A. Tester, Jefferson W. and Vogel, Frédéric 2010. Water-in-water tracer studies of supercritical-water reversing jets using neutron radiography. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 54, Issue. 2, p. 250.

  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 424
  • December 2000, pp. 197-216

A theoretical model of a turbulent fountain

  • LYNN J. BLOOMFIELD (a1) and ROSS C. KERR (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 16 November 2000

A theoretical model of axisymmetric turbulent fountains in both homogeneous and stratified fluids is developed. The model quantifies the entrainment of ambient fluid into the initial fountain upflow, and the entrainment of fluid from both the upflow and environment into the subsequently formed downflow. Four different variations of the model are considered, comprising the two most reasonable formulations of the body forces acting on the ‘double’ structure and two formulations of the rate of entrainment between the flows. The four model variations are tested by comparing the predictions from each of them with experimental measurements of fountains in homogeneous and stratified fluids.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *