Published online by Cambridge University Press: 02 August 2017
In this paper, we analyse the dispersion of a dye by a Landau–Squire plume, generated by a jet flow emerging from a nanocapillary into a reservoir. We demonstrate analytically that the dye concentration profile exhibits a long-range profile decaying as the inverse of the distance to the origin, whereas the plume shape is only a function of a Péclet number defined in terms of the flow characteristics inside the nanocapillary. These predictions are successfully compared with experiments on fluorescent dye dispersion from nanocapillaries under pressure-driven flow. The plume shape allows extraction of the nanojet force characterizing the Landau–Squire velocity profile for a given pressure drop, with results in full agreement with direct velocimetry measurements and finite-element calculations. The peculiarities of the Landau–Squire plume make it a sensitive probe of the flow properties inside the seeding nanocapillary.