Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 19
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Alam, Mohammad-Reza 2014. Predictability horizon of oceanic rogue waves. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue. 23, p. 8477.

    Babanin, A. and Rogers, W. 2014. Generation and limiters of rogue waves. The International Journal of Ocean and Climate Systems, Vol. 5, Issue. 2, p. 39.

    Brunetti, Maura and Kasparian, Jérôme 2014. Modulational instability in wind-forced waves. Physics Letters A, Vol. 378, Issue. 48, p. 3626.

    Chabchoub, A. Hoffmann, N. Branger, H. Kharif, C. and Akhmediev, N. 2013. Experiments on wind-perturbed rogue wave hydrodynamics using the Peregrine breather model. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 25, Issue. 10, p. 101704.

    Fontaine, Emmanuel 2013. A Theoretical Explanation of the Fetch- and Duration-Limited Laws. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 43, Issue. 2, p. 233.

    Dong, G.H. Ma, Y.X. Zhang, W. and Ma, X.Z. 2012. Laboratory study on the modulation evolution of nonlinear wave trains. Ocean Systems Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue. 3, p. 189.

    Galchenko, Alina Babanin, Alexander V. Chalikov, Dmitry Young, I. R. and Haus, Brian K. 2012. Influence of Wind Forcing on Modulation and Breaking of One-Dimensional Deep-Water Wave Groups. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 42, Issue. 6, p. 928.

    Onorato, Miguel and Proment, Davide 2012. Approximate rogue wave solutions of the forced and damped nonlinear Schrödinger equation for water waves. Physics Letters A, Vol. 376, Issue. 45, p. 3057.

    Cherneva, Z. and Guedes Soares, C. 2011. Evolution of wave properties during propagation in a ship towing tank and an offshore basin. Ocean Engineering, Vol. 38, Issue. 17-18, p. 2254.

    Hwung, Hwung-Hweng Chiang, Wen-Son Yang, Ray-Yeng and Shugan, Igor V. 2011. Threshold model on the evolution of Stokes wave side-band instability. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids, Vol. 30, Issue. 2, p. 147.

    Galchenko, Alina Babanin, Alexander V. Chalikov, Dmitry Young, I. R. and Hsu, Tai-Wen 2010. Modulational Instabilities and Breaking Strength for Deep-Water Wave Groups. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 40, Issue. 10, p. 2313.

    MA, Y. DONG, G. PERLIN, M. MA, X. WANG, G. and XU, J. 2010. Laboratory observations of wave evolution, modulation and blocking due to spatially varying opposing currents. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 661, p. 108.

    Babanin, A. 2009. Breaking of ocean surface waves. Acta Physica Slovaca. Reviews and Tutorials, Vol. 59, Issue. 4,

    Waseda, Takuji Kinoshita, Takeshi and Tamura, Hitoshi 2009. Evolution of a Random Directional Wave and Freak Wave Occurrence. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 39, Issue. 3, p. 621.

    Leblanc, Stéphane 2007. Amplification of nonlinear surface waves by wind. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 19, Issue. 10, p. 101705.

    Papadimitrakis, Y.A. 2005. On the probability of wave breaking in deep waters. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, Vol. 52, Issue. 9-10, p. 1246.

    Yao, Aifeng and Wu, Chin H. 2004. Energy Dissipation of Unsteady Wave Breaking on Currents. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 34, Issue. 10, p. 2288.

    Banner, Michael L. Gemmrich, Johannes R. and Farmer, David M. 2002. Multiscale Measurements of Ocean Wave Breaking Probability. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 32, Issue. 12, p. 3364.

    Banner, Michael L. and Song, Jin-Bao 2002. On Determining the Onset and Strength of Breaking for Deep Water Waves. Part II: Influence of Wind Forcing and Surface Shear. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 32, Issue. 9, p. 2559.

  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 401
  • December 1999, pp. 55-84

Experimental study of the stability of deep-water wave trains including wind effects

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 25 December 1999

An experimental investigation on the initial instability of nonlinear deep-water wave trains including wind effects is reported. The experiment was conducted at the Ocean Engineering Laboratory wind-wave facility (50 m long, 4.2 m wide, 2.1 m deep), with a fully computer-controlled mechanical wave generator to explore the parameter space: steepness; sideband frequency; wind speed. The estimated growth rates of the Benjamin–Feir instability from seeded wind-free experiments agreed well with the theoretical prediction derived from Krasitskii's four-wave reduced equation as computed here. Wind was added to the same wave system; the growth rates of the sidebands were reduced for weak, and enhanced for strong wind forcing. Experiments with naturally selected sidebands, i.e. unseeded, were conducted as well; measurements showed that wind did not inhibit the growth of sidebands in the case of either two-dimensional or three-dimensional instabilities. A comparison of the results with earlier work suggests that there are two independent effects of wind: first, the alteration of the inviscid growth for a given modulational frequency as shown by comparison with the seeded experiments without wind; second, a change in the natural modulational frequency appearing in the presence of wind which is a function of the wave age, as observed in unseeded experiments. Both effects combined will determine whether the modulational instability is enhanced or suppressed; comparison of experimental results with theoretical predictions suggests that the effect of wind on the natural selection of the modulational frequency is the dominant effect. It was shown that for moderate to old waves, the net effect of wind on the modulational instability is small. For all the experiments except a few unseeded cases with weak breakers, the modulation was small and no breaking was observed within the tank.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *