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  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 209
  • December 1989, pp. 405-433

Geometric properties of deep-water breaking waves

  • P. Bonmarin (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2006

The time-space evolution of a steep water wave reaching the breaking stage is observed by means of a visualization technique. In particular, the asymmetry of the wave profile in the near-breaking region is displayed. Measurements at breaking onset on a sample of breaking waves show a relation between the rate of asymmetry growth and the breaker type. The shape evolution of a plunging crest after breaking has started, and the related splash-up phenomenon and its part in the air-entrainment process are also observed.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
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