This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
V. Armenio & U. Piomelli 2000 A Lagrangian mixed subgrid-scale model in generalized coordinates. Flow Turbul. Combust. 65, 51–81.
J. H. Baas 1994 A flume study on the development and equilibrium morphology of current ripples in very fine sand. Sedimentology 41, 185–209.
J. H. Baas 1999 An empirical model for the development and equilibrium morphology of current ripples in fine sands. Sedimentology 46, 123–138.
J. H. Baas , A. P. Oost , O. K. Sztano , P. L. de Boer & G. Postma 1993 Time as an independent variable for current ripples developing towards linguoid equilibrium morphology. Terra Nova 5, 29–35.
R. Balachandar & V. C. Patel 2008 Flow over a fixed rough dune. Can. J. Civ. Eng. 35, 511–520.
S. J. Bennett & J. L. Best 1995 Mean flow and turbulence structure over fixed, two-dimensional dunes: implications for sediment transport and bedform stability. Sedimentology 42, 491–514.
J. L. Best , R. A. Kostaschuk & P. V. Villard 2001 Quantitative visualization of flow fields associated with alluvial sand dunes: results from the laboratory and field using ultrasonic and acoustic Doppler anemometry. J. Vis. 4 (4), 373–381.
P. A. Carling , E. Gölz , H. G. Orr & A. Radeki-Pawlik 2000 The morphodynamics of fluvial sand dunes in the River Rhine, near Mainz, Germany. I. Sedimentology and morphology. Sedimentology 47, 227–252.
G. T. Chapman & L. A. Yates 1991 Topology of flow separation on three-dimensional bodies. Appl. Mech. Rev. 44 (7), 329–345.
S. L. Gabel 1993 Geometry and kinematics of dunes during steady and unsteady flows in the Calamus River, Nebraska, USA. Sedimentology 40, 237–269.
M. Germano , U. Piomelli , P. Moin & W. H. Cabot 1991 A dynamic subgrid-scale eddy viscosity model. Phys. Fluids A 3, 1760–1765.
D. G. E. Grigoriadis , E. Balaras & A. A. Dimas 2009 Large-eddy simulations of unidirectional water flow over dunes. J. Geophys. Res. 114.
B. S. Hyun , R. Balachandar , K. Yu & V. C. Patel 2003 Assessment of PIV to measure mean velocity and turbulence in open-channel flow. Exp. Fluids 35, 262–267.
S. A. Jordan 1999 A large-eddy simulation methodology in generalized curvilinear coordinates. J. Comput. Phys. 148 (2), 322–340.
A. Kadota & I. Nezu 1999 Three-dimensional structure of space-time correlation on coherent vortices generated behind dune crests. J. Hydr. Res. 37 (1), 59–80.
J. Kim & P. Moin 1985 Application of a fractional step method to incompressible Navier–Stokes equations. J. Comput. Phys. 59, 308–323.
R. Kostaschuk & P. Villard 1996 Flow and sediment transport over large subaqueous dunes: Fraser River, Canada. Sedimentology 43, 849–863.
R. A. Kostaschuk 2000 A field study of turbulence and sediment dynamics over subaqueous dunes with flow separation. Sedimentology 47 (3), 519–531.
R. A. Kostaschuk & M. A. Church 1993 Macroturbulence generated by dunes: Fraser River, Canada. Sedim. Geol. 85 (1–4), 25–37.
H. Le , P. Moin & J. Kim 1997 Direct numerical simulation of turbulent flow over a backward-facing step. J. Fluid Mech. 330, 349–374.
G. H. Matthes 1947 Macroturbulence in natural stream flow. Trans. American Ceophys. Union 28 (2), 255–265.
S. R. McLean , J. M. Nelson & S. R. Wolfe 1994 Turbulence structure over two-dimensional bedforms: implications for sediment transport. J. Geophys. Res. 99, 12729–12747.
S. R. McLean & J. D. Smith 1986 A model for flow over two-dimensional bed forms. J. Hydr. Engng 112 (4), 300–317.
S. R. McLean , S. R. Wolfe & J. M. Nelson 1999 Predicting boundary shear stress and sediment transport over bed forms. J. Hydr. Engng 125 (7), 725–736.
A. Müller & A. Gyr 1986 On the vortex formation in the mixing layer behind dunes. J. Hydr. Res. 24, 359–375.
J. M. Nelson , S. R. McLean & S. R. Wolfe 1993 Mean flow and turbulence fields over two-dimensional bed forms. Water Resour. Res. 29 (12), 3935–3953.
J. M. Nelson & J. D. Smith 1989 Mechanics of flow over ripples and dunes. J. Geophys. Res. 94 (C6), 8146–8162.
M. Omidyeganeh & U. Piomelli 2011 Large-eddy simulation of two-dimensional dunes in a steady, unidirectional flow. J. Turbul. 12 (42), 1–31.
D. R. Parsons , J. L. Best , O. Orfeo , R. J. Hardy , R. Kostaschuk & S. N. Lane 2005 Morphology and flow fields of three-dimensional dunes, Rio Paraná, Argentina: results from simultaneous multibeam echo sounding and acoustic doppler current profiling. J. Geophys. Res. 110, F04S03.
S. Radhakrishnan , U. Piomelli & A. Keating 2008 Wall-modelled large-eddy simulations of flows with curvature and mild separation. ASME J. Fluids Engng. 130, 101203.
S. Radhakrishnan , U. Piomelli , A. Keating & A. Silva Lopes 2006 Reynolds-averaged and large-eddy simulations of turbulent non-equilibrium flows. J. Turbul. 7 (63), 1–30.
C. M. Rhie & W. L. Chow 1983 Numerical study of the turbulent flow past an aerofoil with trailing edge separation. AIAA J. 21, 1525–1532.
L. C. van Rijn 1984 Sediment transport, part III: Bed forms and alluvial roughness. J. Hydr. Engng 110 (12), 1733–1754.
A. Robert & W. Uhlman 2001 An experimental study on the ripple dune transition. Earth Surf. Process. Landf. 26, 615–629.
R. J. Schindler & A. Robert 2005 Flow and turbulence structure across the ripple–dune transition: an experiment under mobile bed conditions. Sedimentology 52, 627–649.
A. Silva Lopes & J. M. L. M. Palma 2002 Simulations of isotropic turbulence using a non-orthogonal grid system. J. Comput. Phys. 175 (2), 713–738.
L. Sirovich & S. Karlsson 1997 Turbulent drag reduction by passive mechanisms. Nature 388, 753–755.
T. Stoesser , C. Braun , M. García-Villalba & W. Rodi 2008 Turbulence structures in flow over two-dimensional dunes. J. Hydr. Engng 134 (1), 42–55.
J. G. Venditti 2007 Turbulent flow and drag over fixed two- and three-dimensional dunes. J. Geophys. Res. 112, F04008.
J. G. Venditti & B. O. Bauer 2005 Turbulent flow over a dune: Green River, Colorado. Earth Surf. Process. Landf. 30, 289–304.
J. G. Venditti & S. J. Bennett 2000 Spectral analysis of turbulent flow and suspended sediment transport over dunes. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 22035–22047.
J. G. Venditti , M. Church & S. J. Bennet 2005 On the transition between 2D and 3D dunes. Sedimentology 52, 1343–1359.
J. Y. Yoon & V. C. Patel 1996 Numerical model of turbulent flow over sand dune. J. Hydr. Engng 122 (1), 10–18.
W. Yue , C. L. Lin & V. C. Patel 2005 Large eddy simulation of turbulent open-channel flow with free surface simulated by level set method. Phys. Fluids 17, 025108.
W. Yue , C.-L. Lin & V. C. Patel 2006 Large-eddy simulation of turbulent flow over a fixed two-dimensional dune. J. Hydr. Engng 132 (7), 643–651.