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Note on the swimming of slender fish

  • M. J. Lighthill (a1)


The paper seeks to determine what transverse oscillatory movements a slender fish can make which will give it a high Froude propulsive efficiency, $\frac{\hbox{(forward velocity)} \times \hbox{(thrust available to overcome frictional drag)}} {\hbox {(work done to produce both thrust and vortex wake)}}.$ The recommended procedure is for the fish to pass a wave down its body at a speed of around $\frac {5} {4}$ of the desired swimming speed, the amplitude increasing from zero over the front portion to a maximum at the tail, whose span should exceed a certain critical value, and the waveform including both a positive and a negative phase so that angular recoil is minimized. The Appendix gives a review of slender-body theory for deformable bodies.


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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
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