The nature of the stress in a suspension of equal homogeneous spheres all subject to the same force, such as weight, is considered; inertial effects are neglected. This study builds upon some of the well-known work devoted to this problem by the founder of the Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Professor George K. Batchelor. After developing a general theory, the antisymmetric part of the stress tensor is considered in detail. It is shown that, in addition to a term already found by Batchelor and characterized by an axial vector, the antisymmetric stress contains another term characterized by the curl of a polar vector. As a consequence, a suspension will possess, in addition to an axial vortex viscosity, a polar vortex viscosity. Appendix C presents a calculation of the hindrance function for rotation correct to the first order in the particle volume fraction.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.