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The stress system in a suspension of heavy particles: antisymmetric contribution

  • A. PROSPERETTI (a1) (a2), Q. ZHANG (a1) and K. ICHIKI (a1) (a3)

The nature of the stress in a suspension of equal homogeneous spheres all subject to the same force, such as weight, is considered; inertial effects are neglected. This study builds upon some of the well-known work devoted to this problem by the founder of the Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Professor George K. Batchelor. After developing a general theory, the antisymmetric part of the stress tensor is considered in detail. It is shown that, in addition to a term already found by Batchelor and characterized by an axial vector, the antisymmetric stress contains another term characterized by the curl of a polar vector. As a consequence, a suspension will possess, in addition to an axial vortex viscosity, a polar vortex viscosity. Appendix C presents a calculation of the hindrance function for rotation correct to the first order in the particle volume fraction.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
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