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    Castrejón-Pita, A. A. Castrejón-Pita, J. R. and Hutchings, I. M. 2012. Experimental observation of von Kármán vortices during drop impact. Physical Review E, Vol. 86, Issue. 4,

    Brambilla, P. Brivio, P. Guardone, A. and Romanelli, G. 2015. Grid convergence assessment for adaptive grid simulations of normal drop impacts onto liquid films in axi-symmetric and three-dimensional geometries. Applied Mathematics and Computation, Vol. 267, p. 487.

    Castrejón-Pita, J. R. Kubiak, K. J. Castrejón-Pita, A. A. Wilson, M. C. T. and Hutchings, I. M. 2013. Mixing and internal dynamics of droplets impacting and coalescing on a solid surface. Physical Review E, Vol. 88, Issue. 2,

  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 690
  • January 2012, pp. 1-4

The making of a splash

  • S. T. Thoroddsen (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 20 December 2011

The splash resulting from the impact of a drop onto a pool is a particularly beautiful manifestation of a canonical problem, where a mass of fluid breaks up into smaller pieces. Despite over a century of experimental study, the splashing mechanics have eluded full description, the details often being obscured by the very rapid motions and small length scales involved. Zhang et al. (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 690, 2012, pp. 5–15) introduce a powerful new tool to the experimental arsenal, when they apply X-ray imaging to study the fine ejecta sheets which emerge during the earliest contact of the drop. Their images reveal hidden details and complex underlying dynamics, which will directly affect the size and velocity of the splashing droplets.

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1.R. D. Deegan , P. Brunet & J. Eggers 2008 Complexities of splashing. Nonlinearity 21 (1), C1C11.

3.C. Josserand & S. Zaleski 2003 Droplet splashing on a thin liquid film. Phys. Fluids 15, 16501657.

4.B. H. Mills , J. R. Saylor & F. Y. Testik 2011 An experimental study of Mesler entrainment on a surfactant-covered interface: the effect of drop shape and Weber number. AIChE J., doi:10.1002/aic (in press).

6.R. Rioboo , C. Tropea & M. Marengo 2001 Outcomes from a drop impact on solid surfaces. Atomiz. Sprays 11, 155165.

8.S. T. Thoroddsen , T. G. Etoh & K. Takehara 2008 High-speed imaging of drops and bubbles. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 40, 257285.

9.S. T. Thoroddsen , M.-J. Thoraval , K. Takehara & T. G. Etoh 2011 Droplet splashing by a slingshot mechanism. Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 034501.

11.E. Villermaux 2007 Fragmentation. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 39, 419446.

13.A. M. Worthington 1876 A second paper on the forms assumed by drops of liquids falling vertically on a horizontal plate. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 25, 498503.

14.L. Xu , W. W. Zhang & S. R. Nagel 2005 Drop splashing on a dry smooth surface. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 184505.

15.A. L. Yarin 2006 Drop impact dynamics: splashing, spreading, receding, bouncing.... Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 38, 159192.

16.L. V. Zhang , P. Brunet , J. Eggers & R. D. Deegan 2010 Wavelength selection in the crown splash. Phys. Fluids 22, 122105.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
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