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  • Cited by 7
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Dalola, Amanda 2015. Romance Linguistics 2012.

    Bullock, Barbara E. Toribio, Almeida Jacqueline and Amengual, Mark 2014. The status of s in Dominican Spanish. Lingua, Vol. 143, p. 20.

    Ruch, Hanna and Harrington, Jonathan 2014. Synchronic and diachronic factors in the change from pre-aspiration to post-aspiration in Andalusian Spanish. Journal of Phonetics, Vol. 45, p. 12.

    Casserly, Elizabeth D. 2012. Gestures in optimality theory and the laryngeal phonology of Faroese. Lingua, Vol. 122, Issue. 1, p. 41.

    윤태진, 2012. Laryngeal metathesis as perceptual optimization. Studies in Phonetics, Phonology, and Morphology, Vol. 18, Issue. 3, p. 413.

    Byun, Tara McAllister 2011. A gestural account of a child-specific neutralisation in strong position. Phonology, Vol. 28, Issue. 03, p. 371.

    Lodge, Ken 2007. Timing, segmental status and aspiration in icelandic. Transactions of the Philological Society, Vol. 105, Issue. 1, p. 66.


On the rarity of pre-aspirated stops

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 December 2003

Pre-aspirated stops, known to be quite rare in the world's languages, are shown herein to be significantly rarer still. Their aspiration component is typically reinforced by an oral gesture that is influenced by the following stop and/or the preceding vowel. Alternatively, the aspiration component weakens to zero and is replaced by vowel length. In this typological study I document the phonetic details of so-called pre-aspirates and offer phonetic explanations for their rarity and their diachronic instability.

Corresponding author
Department of Linguistics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, U.S.A. E-mail:
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Thanks to Paul Foulkes, Gunnar Hansson, Hans Hock, Jose Hualde, Anatoly Liberman, and two Journal of Linguistics referees.
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Journal of Linguistics
  • ISSN: 0022-2267
  • EISSN: 1469-7742
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-linguistics
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