Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Positional faithfulness in Harmonic Grammar

  • MIRANDA MCCARVEL (a1) and AARON KAPLAN (a1)
Abstract

In Tamil, coronals are licensed in onsets and initial syllables, exemplifying what Jesney (2011b) calls Licensing in Multiple Contexts (LMC). Jesney shows that while only positional faithfulness produces LMC in Optimality Theory, positional licensing provides a competing analysis of LMC in Harmonic Grammar (HG). This suggests that positional faithfulness may not be necessary in HG. We argue, though, that positional faithfulness remains essential. First, other facts in Tamil are incompatible with the positional licensing approach to LMC, rendering the positional faithfulness alternative the only viable analysis. Second, only with positional faithfulness can certain typological generalizations concerning assimilation between consonants be captured.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Author’s address: University of Utah, Languages and Communication Building 255 S. Central Campus Drive Room 2300, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA miranda.mccarvel@utah.edu
Author’s address: University of Utah, Languages and Communication Building 255 S. Central Campus Drive Room 2300, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA a.kaplan@utah.edu
Footnotes
Hide All
[1]

We would like to thank audiences at the University of Utah, Phonology 2013, NELS 44, and the 2014 Annual Meeting of the LSA for feedback on this work. We would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers at the Journal of Linguistics whose feedback was invaluable. Abbreviations in glosses follow the Leipzig Glossing Rules. In addition, emphatic is abbreviated emph.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Ahn, Sang-Cheol. 1998. An introduction to Korean phonology. Seoul: Hanshin.
Akinlabi, Akinbiyi & Urua, Eno E.. 2003. Foot structure in the Ibibio verb. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 24.2, 119160.
Archangeli, Diana. 1988. Underspecification in Yawelmani phonology and morphology. New York: Garland.
Baković, Eric. 1999. Assimilation to the unmarked. Penn working papers in linguistics, vol. 6 1, 116. Philadelphia, PA: Deptartment of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania.
Baković, Eric. 2000. Harmony, dominance, and control. Ph.D. dissertation, Rutgers University.
Barnes, Jonathan. 2006. Strength and weakness at the interface: Positional neutralization in phonetics and phonology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Beckman, Jill N. 1999. Positional faithfulness. New York: Garland.
Berendsen, Egon. 1983. Final devoicing, assimilation, and subject clitics in Dutch. In Bennis, Hans, Van Lessen Kloeke, W U S & voor Taalwetenschap, Algemene Vereniging (eds.), Linguistics in the Netherlands 1983, 2129. Dordrecht: Foris.
Borowsky, Toni. 1986. Topics in the lexical phonology of English. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachussets, Amherst.
Cho, Young-me Yu. 1988. Korean assimilation. In Borer, Hagit (ed.), Proceedings of the seventh West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics 1988, 4152. Stanford, CA: Stanford Linguistics Association.
Christdas, Prathima. 1988. The phonology and morphology of Tamil. Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University.
Chung, Sandra. 1983. Transderivational relationships in Chamorro phonology. Language 59, 3566.
Crosswhite, Katherine. 2001. Vowel reduction in Optimality Theory. New York: Routledge.
Grijzenhout, Janet & Krämer, Martin. 2000. Final devoicing and voicing assimilation in Dutch derivation and cliticization. In Stiebels, Barbara & Wunderlich, Dieter (eds.), Lexicon in focus, 5582. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
Hansson, Gunnar Ólafur. 2001. Theoretical and typological issues in consonant harmony. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
Hellberg, Staffan. 1974. Graphonomic rules in phonology: Studies in the expression component of Swedish. Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.
Hualde, José Ignacio. 1989. Autosegmental and metrical spreading in the vowel-harmony systems of northwestern Spain. Linguistics 27, 773805.
Hualde, José Ignacio. 1998. Asturian and Cantabrian metaphony. Rivista di Linguistica 10.1, 99108.
van der Hulst, Harry. 1980. On the formulation of phonological rules. In Daalder, Saskia, Gerritsen, Marinel & voor Taalwetenschap, Algemene Vereniging (eds.), Linguistics in the Netherlands 1980, 1019. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company.
Hyman, Larry M.2002. Is there a right-to-left bias in vowel harmony? Ms., UC Berkeley.
Ito, Junko. 1988. Syllable theory in prosodic phonology. New York: Garland.
Iverson, Gregory K. & Kim, Kee-Ho. 1987. Underspecification and the hierarchical feature representation in Korean consonantal phonology. In Bosch, Anna, Need, Barbara & Schiller, Eric (eds.), The 3rd Annual Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society, vol. 2, 182198. Chicago: Chicago Linguistics Society.
Jesney, Karen. 2011a. Cumulative constraint interaction in phonological acquisition and typology. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Jesney, Karen. 2011b. Licensing in multiple contexts: An argument for Harmonic Grammar. In Bochnak, M. Ryan, Klecha, Peter, Lemieux, Alice, Nicola, Nassira, Urban, Jasmin & Weaver, Christina (eds.), The 45th Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society  (CLS 45), vol. 1, 287301. Chicago: University of Chicago.
Jesney, Karen. 2011c. Positional faithfulness, non-locality, and the Harmonic Serialism solution. In Lima, Suzi, Mullin, Kevin & Smith, Brian (eds.), the 39th meeting of the North East Linguistic Society  (NELS) 39, 429440. Amherst, MA: GLSA.
Kaplan, Aaron. 2015a. Long-distance licensing in Harmonic Grammar. Presented at 37. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft (37th Annual Meeting of the German Society for Linguistics), Leipzig, Germany, March 4.
Kaplan, Aaron. 2015b. Long-distance licensing in Harmonic Grammar. Presented at the 2015 American Meeting on Phonology, Vancouver, BC, October 10.
Kaplan, Aaron. 2015c. Maximal prominence and a theory of possible licensors. NLLT 33, 12351270.
Kaplan, Aaron. To appear. Positional licensing, asymmetric trade-offs, and gradient constraints in Harmonic Grammar. Phonology.
Kaplan, Aaron F. 2008a. Licensing and noniterative harmony in Lango. In Elfner, Emily & Walkow, Martin (eds.), NELS 37, vol. 1, 311322.
Kaplan, Aaron F.2008b. Noniterativity is an emergent property of grammar. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Santa Cruz.
Kimper, Wendell A.2011. Competing triggers: Transparency and opacity in vowel harmony. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusets, Amherst, MA.
Kiparsky, Paul. 1982. Lexical morphology and phonology. In Lee, Ik-Hwan (ed.), Linguistics in the morning calm, 391. Seoul: Hanshin.
de Lacy, Paul V.2002. The formal expression of markedness. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Legendre, Géraldine, Miyata, Yoshiro & Smolensky, Paul. 1990. Harmonic Grammar – a formal multi-level connectionist theory of linguistic well-formedness: An application. The Twelfth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 884891. Cambridge, MA: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Lombardi, Linda. 1996. Restrictions on direction of voicing assimilation: An OT account. In Castillo, Juan Carlos, Miglio, Viola & Musolino, Julien (eds.), University of Maryland Working Papers in Linguistics, vol. 4, 84102. College Park, MD: Department of Linguistics, University of Maryland.
Lombardi, Linda. 1999. Positional faithfulness and voicing assimilation in Optimality Theory. NLLT 17.2, 267302.
Lombardi, Linda. 2001. Why place and voice are different: Constraint-specific alternations in Optimality Theory. In Lombardi, Linda (ed.), Segmental phonology in Optimality Theory: Constraints and representations, 1345. New York: Cambridge University Press.
McCarthy, John. 2000. Harmonic serialism and parallelism. In Hirotani, Masako, Coetzee, Andries, Hall, Nancy & Kim, Ji yung (eds.), The North East Linguistics Society  (NELS), 501524. Amherst, MA: GLSA.
McCarthy, John J. 2008. The gradual path to cluster simplification. Phonology 25, 271319.
Mey, Jacob. 1968. A case of assimilation in Modern Dutch. Acta Linguistica Hafniensia 11, 123145.
Mullin, Kevin. 2011. Strength in harmony systems: Trigger and directional asymmetries. [ROA-1134].
Neira Martínez, Jesús. 1955. El habla de Lena. Oveido: Instituto de Estudios Asturianos.
Neira Martínez, Jesús. 1983. La metafonia por /-i/ en los Bables centrales. Philologica hispaniensia in honorem M. Alvar, vol. I, 485497. Madrid: Gredos.
Noonan, Michael. 1992. A grammar of Lango. Berlin, NY: Mouton de Gruyter.
Paradis, Carole & Pruent, Jean-Franc¸ois (eds.). 1991. The status of coronals: Internal and external evidence. San Diego: Academic Press.
Pater, Joe. 2007. Harmonic Grammar with Harmonic Serialism. Handout from talk presented at UMass Amherst, November 7.
Pater, Joe. 2009. Weighted constraints in generative linguistics. Cognitive Science 33.6, 9991035.
Prince, Alan & Smolensky, Paul. 1993/2004. Optimality Theory: Constraint interaction in generative grammar. Ms., Rutgers University, New Brunswick and University of Colorado, Boulder. Published 2004, Blackwell, Malden, MA.
Ramasamy, Mohana Dass. 2010. Topics in the morphophonology of standard spoken Tamil (sst): An Optimality Theoretic study. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Newcastle upon Tyne.
Smith, Jennifer L. 2005. Phonological augmentation in prominent positions. New York: Routledge.
Smolensky, Paul. 2006. Optimality in phonology II: Harmonic completeness, local constraint conjunction, and feature domain markedness. In Smolensky, Paul & Legendre, Géraldine (eds.), The harmonic mind: From neural computation to Optimality-Theoretic grammar, vol. 2, chap. 14, 27160. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Smolensky, Paul & Legendre, Géraldine. 2006. The harmonic mind. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Steriade, Donca. 1982. Greek prosidies and the nature of syllabification. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
Steriade, Donca. 2001. Directional asymmetries in place assimilation. In Hume, Elizabeth & Johnson, Keith (eds.), The role of speech perception in phonology, 220250. San Diego: Academic Press.
Walker, Rachel. 2000. Nasalization, neutral segments, and opacity effects. New York: Garland.
Walker, Rachel. 2004. Vowel feature licensing at a distance: Evidence from northern Spanish language varieties. In Schmeiser, Benjamin, Chand, Vineeta, Kelleher, Ann & Rodriguez, Angelo J. (eds.), WCCFL, 787800. Somervile, MA: Cascadilla.
Walker, Rachel. 2005. Weak triggers in vowel harmony. NLLT 23, 917989.
Walker, Rachel. 2008. Gradualness and fell-swoop derivations. Handout from talk presented at the UCSC Alumni Conference, September 13.
Walker, Rachel. 2010. Nonmyopic harmony and the nature of derivations. Linguistic Inquiry 41.1, 169179.
Walker, Rachel. 2011. Vowel patterns in language. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Woock, Edith Bavin & Noonan, Michael. 1979. Vowel harmony in Lango. In Clyne, Paul R., Hanks, William F. & Hofbauer, Carol L. (eds.), CLS. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.
Zoll, Cheryl. 1997. Conflicting directionality. Phonology 14, 263286.
Zoll, Cheryl. 1998. Parsing below the segment in a constraint-based framework. Stanford, CA: CLSI Publications.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Linguistics
  • ISSN: 0022-2267
  • EISSN: 1469-7742
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-linguistics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 31 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 206 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 26th February 2018 - 22nd September 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.