Skip to main content
×
Home

Cyclic deformation behavior of austenitic stainless steels in the very high cycle fatigue regime—Experimental results and mechanism-based simulations

  • Philipp-M. Hilgendorff (a1), Andrei C. Grigorescu (a2), Martina Zimmermann (a3), Claus-Peter Fritzen (a1) and Hans-Juergen Christ (a2)...
Abstract
Abstract

Two austenitic stainless steels of strongly different stacking fault energies (SFEs) and correspondingly different stabilities of the austenite phase were studied with respect to their very high cycle fatigue (VHCF) behavior. The metastable austenitic stainless steel 304L shows a very pronounced transient behavior and a fatigue limit in the VHCF regime. The higher SFE of the 316L steel results in a less pronounced transient cyclic deformation behavior. The plastic shear is more localized, and the formation of deep intrusions leads to microcrack initiation. However, the propagation of such microcracks is impeded by α′-martensite formed very localized within the shear bands. A comprehensive description of the microstructural changes governing the cyclic deformation including the transient resonant behavior was developed and transferred into a mechanism-based model. Simulation results were correlated with the observed deformation evolution and the change of the resonant behavior of specimens during VHCF loading providing a profound understanding of the VHCF-specific deformation behavior.

Copyright
Corresponding author
a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: hans-juergen.christ@uni-siegen.de
Footnotes
Hide All

Contributing Editor: Mathias Göken

Footnotes
References
Hide All
1. Murakami Y., Yokoyama N.N., and Nagata J.: Mechanism of fatigue failure in ultralong life regime. Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 25, 735746 (2002).
2. Stanzl-Tschegg S., Mughrabi H., and Schönbauer B.: Life time and cyclic slip of copper in the VHCF regime. Int. J. Fatigue 29, 20502059 (2007).
3. Bathias C., Drouillac L., and Le Francois P.: How and why the fatigue S–N curve does not approach a horizontal asymptote. Int. J. Fatigue 23, 143151 (2001).
4. Lukas P. and Kunz L.: Specific features of high-cycle and ultra-high-cycle fatigue. Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 25, 747753 (2002).
5. Mughrabi H.: On ‘multi-stage’ fatigue life diagrams and the relevant life-controlling mechanisms in ultrahigh-cycle fatigue. Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 25, 755764 (2002).
6. Müller-Bollenhagen C., Zimmermann M., and Christ H-J.: Adjusting the very high cycle fatigue properties of a metastable austenitic stainless steel by means of the martensite content. Process Eng. 2, 16631672 (2010).
7. Takahashi K. and Ogawa T.: Evaluation of gigacycle fatigue properties of austenitic stainless steels using ultrasonic fatigue test. J. Solid Mech. Mater. Eng. 2, 366373 (2008).
8. Carstensen J.V., Mayer H., and Brondsted P.: Very high cycle regime fatigue of thin walled tubes made from austenitic stainless steel. Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. 25, 837844 (2002).
9. Müller-Bollenhagen C., Zimmermann M., and Christ H-J.: Very high cycle fatigue behaviour of austenitic stainless steel and the effect of strain-induced martensite. Int. J. Fatigue 32, 936942 (2010).
10. Needleman A. and Van der Giessen E.: Discrete dislocation and continuum descriptions of plastic flow. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 309–310, 113 (2001).
11. Abraham F.F., Walkup R., Gao H., Duchaineau M., Diaz de la Rubia T., and Seager M.: Simulating materials failure by using up to one billion atoms and the world’s fastest computer: Work-hardening. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 99, 57835787 (2002).
12. Tanaka K. and Mura T.: A dislocation model for fatigue crack initiation. J. Appl. Mech. 48, 97103 (1981).
13. Lin T.: Micromechanics of crack initiation in high-cycle fatigue. Adv. Appl. Mech. 29, 162 (1992).
14. Man J., Obrtlík K., and Polák J.: Extrusions and intrusions in fatigued metals. Part 1. State of the art and history. Philos. Mag. 89, 12951336 (2009).
15. Bogers A. and Burgers W.: Partial dislocations on the {110} planes in the B.C.C. lattice and the transition of the F.C.C. into the B.C.C. lattice. Acta Metall. 12, 255261 (1964).
16. Olson G. and Cohen M.: A mechanism for the strain-induced nucleation of martensitic transformations. J. Less-Common Met. 28, 107118 (1972).
17. Schramm R.E. and Reed R.P.: Stacking fault energy of seven commercial austenitic stainless steels. Metall. Trans. A 6, 13451351 (1975).
18. Nohara K., Ono Y., and Ohashi N.: Composition and grain size dependencies of strain-induced martensitic transformation in metastable austenitic stainless steels. J. Iron Steel Inst. Jpn. 63, 772782 (1977).
19. Grigorescu A.C., Hilgendorff P-M., Zimmermann M., Fritzen C-P., and Christ H-J.: Cyclic deformation behaviour of austenitic Cr–Ni–steels in the VHCF regime: Part I—Experimental study. Int. J. Fatigue 93, 250260 (2016).
20. Nikitin I. and Besel M.: Effect of low-frequency on fatigue behaviour of austenitic steel AISI 304 at room temperature and 25 °C. Int. J. Fatigue 30, 20442049 (2008).
21. Straub T.: Experimental investigation of crack initiation in face-centered cubic materials in the high and very high cycle fatigue regime. Doctorate thesis, Schriftenreihe des Instituts für angewandte Materialien, Karlsruhe, 2016.
22. Gerold V. and Karnthaler H.: On the origin of planar slip in f.c.c. alloys. Acta Metall. 37, 21772183 (1989).
23. Hilgendorff P-M., Grigorescu A., Zimmermann M., Fritzen C-P., and Christ H-J.: Cyclic deformation behaviour of austenitic Cr–Ni–steels in the VHCF regime: Part II—Microstructure-sensitive simulation. Int. J. Fatigue 93, 261271 (2016).
24. Hilgendorff P-M., Grigorescu A., Zimmermann M., Fritzen C-P., and Christ H-J.: Simulation of irreversible damage accumulation in the very high cycle fatigue (VHCF) regime using the boundary element method. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 575, 169176 (2013).
25. Hilgendorff P.M., Grigorescu A., Zimmermann M., Fritzen C.P., and Christ H.J.: Simulation of the interaction of plastic deformation in shear bands with deformation-induced martensitic phase transformation in the VHCF regime. Key Eng. Mater. 664, 314325 (2015).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 13 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 52 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 8th August 2017 - 21st November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.