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Li(Al1–zZnz) alloys as anode materials for rechargeable Li-ion batteries

  • I. Chumak (a1), G. Dmytriv, V. Pavlyuk (a2), S. Oswald, J. Eckert (a1), H. Trill, H. Eckert (a3), H. Pauly (a4) and H. Ehrenberg (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2011

The cycling behavior of anode materials based on alloys from the Li(Al1–zZnz) continuous solid solution has been studied. The performance of the most promising composition Li(Al0.8Zn0.2) was tested in half-cells against metallic Li with three different electrolytes and in full Li-ion cells against a V2O5 cathode. The underlying structure evolution during cycling and the most relevant fatigue mechanisms are elucidated by x-ray diffraction, nuclear magnetic resonance, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and reveal a loss of mobile Li due to the ongoing formation of solid electrolyte interfaces. An enhanced stability for Li(Al1–zZnz) electrodes with z˜0.2 results from a peculiar microstructure due to the decomposition of Al and Zn in the Li-poor state and their intermixing in the Li-rich state.

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Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
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