Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Novel Ceramic Foams from Crystals of AlCl3(Pri2O) complex

  • G. S. Grader (a1), G. E. Shter (a1) and Y. de Hazan (a1)
Abstract

In this paper we report a novel process for the production of ultralight cellular ceramics. The foams are generated by the heat treatment of crystals of the aluminum chloride isopropyl ether complex [AlCl3(Pri2O)]. The crystals, which are the only foam precursor, are obtained from concentrated solutions of AlCl3, Pri2O, and CH2Cl2. The foams consist of an arrangement of closed cells, 50–300 μm in diameter, having cell walls approximately 1–2 μm thick. An exceptionally high porosity is obtained ranging from 94 to 99%, and the cellular structure is retained during heating at 1500 °C. The foaming mechanism involves two consecutive nonhydrolytic sol-gel chemical reactions and physical processes including crystal dissociation, solvation, phase separation, and foaming. While other foaming mechanisms cited in the literature utilize one or more of the processes above, no analog mechanism exists in the organic, ceramic, or metal foam production processes. The effectiveness of the process originates from an initial precursor which contains all the necessary foaming components in such a way that the application of mild heating accelerates its transformation to a solid, dry, ultralight foamed material.

Copyright
References
Hide All
1.Brockmeyer J. W., U.S. Patent No. 4610832, Sep. 9 (1986).
2.Lange F.F. and Miller K.T., Adv. Ceram. Mater. 2, 827 (1987).
3.Even W.R. Jr, and Gregory D. P., MRS Bull. XIX, 29 (1994).
4.Fujiu T., Messing G. L., and Huebner W., J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73, 85 (1990).
5.Wu M. and Messing G., J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73, 3497 (1990).
6.Sepulveda P., Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 76, 61 (1997).
7.Grader G. S. and Zuri L., J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76, 1809 (1993).
8.Grader G. S., Shter G. E., and de Hazan Y., Israeli Patent Application No. 123969 (1998).
9.Grader G. S., de Hazan Y., Cohen Y., and Bravozhivotovskii D., J. Sol-Gel. Sci. Technol. 10, 5 (1997).
10.Comprehensive Coordination Chemistry, in 7 volumes, edited by SirWilkinson G., FRS (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1987).
11.Acosta S., Arnal P., Corriu R. J. P., Leclercq D., Mutin P. H., and Vioux A., in Better Ceramics Through Chemistry VI, edited by Cheetham A.K., Brinker C. J., and Mecartney M. L. (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 346, Pittsburgh, PA, 1994), p. 43.
12.Acosta S., Corriu R. J. P., Leclercq D., Lefevre P., Mutin P. H., and Vioux A., J. Non-Cryst. Solids 170, 234 (1994).
13.Grader G.S., de Hazan Y., Bravozhivotovskii D., and Shter G.E., J. Sol-Gel. Sci. Technol. 10, 127 (1997).
14.Industrial Solvent Handbook, edited by Flick E. W. (Noyes Data Corporation, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 5 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 50 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd January 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.