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Oxidation and Resulting Mechanical Properties of Ni/8Y2O3-stabilized Zirconia Anode Substrate for Solid-oxide Fuel Cells

  • George Stathis (a1), Dimitrios Simwonis (a2), Frank Tietz (a2), Antonia Moropoulou (a1) and Aristides Naoumides (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/JMR.2002.0142
  • Published online: 01 January 2011
Abstract

Ni/8 mol% Y2O3-stabilized zirconia cermets are used in thin-film electrolyte solid-oxide fuel cells as support substrates. Rapid oxidation of the metallic Ni can cause failure of the substrate and of the whole system. The rate of Ni oxidation in air and in an inert atmosphere containing water vapor was determined as a function of temperature between 500 and 950 °C. A logarithmic rate law describes the oxidation kinetics in air, whereas a linear rate law fits the first branch of the curve of the experimental data in a humidified inert atmosphere. The substrate exhibits no significant mechanical degradation after uniform oxidation under moderate conditions. However, the observed bending of the samples after oxidation in humidified argon, due to the nonuniform oxidation, can cause damage to fuel cell

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