Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Oxidation resistance of the supercooled liquid in Cu50Zr50 and Cu46Zr46Al8 metallic glasses

  • Ka Ram Lim (a1), Won Tae Kim (a2), Eun-Sung Lee (a3), Sang Soo Jee (a3), Se Yun Kim (a3), Do Hyang Kim (a4), Annett Gebert (a5) and Jurgen Eckert (a6)...

Abstract

The oxidation behavior of Cu50Zr50 and Cu46Zr46Al8 glasses during continuous heating up to 1073 K has been investigated, with special emphasis on the oxidation resistance in the supercooled liquid (SCL) state. For Cu50Zr50, the oxide layer mostly consists of monoclinic ZrO2 (m-ZrO2), while for Cu46Zr46Al8, the oxide layer consists of two different layers: an outer layer consisting of tetragonal ZrO2 (t-ZrO2) + Al2O3 + metallic Cu (oxidation product from the SCL state of the glass matrix) and inner layer comprised of m-ZrO2 + metallic Cu islands (oxidation product from the crystallized matrix). Cu-enriched regions consisting of Cu51Zr14 (in Cu50Zr50) or AlCu2Zr + Cu70Zr15Al15 + Cu51Zr14 (in Cu46Zr46Al8) are present below the oxide layer. The present study shows that the addition of Al (8 at.%) in Cu50Zr50 results in a significant deterioration of the oxidation resistance in the SCL state since the solutionizing of Al in t-ZrO2 leads to a higher oxygen ion vacancy concentration, thus providing a higher activity of oxygen ions.

Copyright

Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: dohkim@yonsei.ac.kr

References

Hide All
1.Salimon, A.I., Ashby, M.F., Brechet, Y., and Greer, A.L.: Bulk metallic glasses: What are they good for? Mater. Sci. Eng., A 375, 385 (2004).
2.Ashby, M.F. and Greer, A.L.: Metallic glasses as structural materials. Scr. Mater. 54, 321 (2006).
3.Hofmann, D.C.: Shape memory bulk metallic glass composites. Science 329, 1294 (2010).
4.Pauly, S., Gorantla, S., Wang, G., Kuhn, U., and Eckert, J.: Transformation-mediated ductility in CuZr-based bulk metallic glasses. Nat. Mater. 9, 473 (2010).
5.Kumar, G., Tang, H.X., and Schroers, J.: Nanomoulding with amorphous metals. Nature 457, 868 (2009).
6.Schroers, J.: Processing of bulk metallic glass. Adv. Mater. 22, 1566 (2010).
7.Saotome, Y., Imai, K., Shioda, S., Shimizu, S., Zhang, T., and Inoue, A.: The micro-nanoformability of Pt-based metallic glass and the nanoforming of three-dimensional structures. Intermetallics 10, 1241 (2002).
8.Schroers, J., Pham, Q., Peker, A., Paton, N., and Curtis, R.V.: Blow molding of bulk metallic glass. Scr. Mater. 57, 341 (2007).
9.Schroers, J.: The superplastic forming of bulk metallic glasses. JOM 57, 35 (2005).
10.Fukushige, T., Hata, S., and Shimokohbe, A.: A MEMS conical spring actuator array. J. Microelectromech. Syst. 14(2), 243 (2005).
11.Schroers, J., Nguyen, T., and Desai, A.: Superplastic Forming of Bulk Metallic Glass—A Technology for MEMS and Microstructure Fabrication (IEEE-MEMS 2006, Istanbul, Turkey, 2006), p. 298.
12.Carmo, M., Sekol, R.C., Ding, S.Y., Kumar, G., Schroers, J., and Taylor, A.D.: Bulk metallic glass nanowire architecture for electrochemical applications. ACS Nano 5(4), 2979 (2011).
13.Kim, S.Y., Jee, S.S., Lim, K.R., Kim, W.T., Kim, D.H., Lee, E.S., Kim, Y.H., Lee, S.M., Lee, J.H., and Eckert, J.: Replacement of oxide glass with metallic glass for Ag screen printing metallization on Si emitter. Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 222112 (2011).
14.Kimura, H.M., Asami, K., Inoue, A., and Masumoto, T.: The oxidation of amorphous Zr-based binary alloys in air. Corros. Sci. 35, 909 (1993).
15.Tam, C.Y. and Shek, C.H.: Oxidation behavior of Cu60Zr30Ti10 bulk metallic glass. J. Mater. Res. 20(6), 1396 (2005).
16.Koster, U., Jastrow, L., and Meuris, M.: Oxidation of Cu60Zr30Ti10 metallic glasses. Mater. Sci. Eng.,A 449, 165 (2007).
17.Tam, C.Y. and Shek, C.H.: Oxidation-induced copper segregation in Cu60Zr30Ti10 bulk metallic glass. J. Mater. Res. 21(4), 851 (2006).
18.Kai, W., Kao, P.C., Lin, P.C., Ren, I.F., and Jang, J.S.C.: Effects of Si addition on the oxidation behavior of a Cu–Zr-based bulk metallic alloy. Intermetallics 18, 1994 (2010).
19.Tam, C.Y. and Shek, C.H.: Effects of alloying on oxidation of Cu-based bulk metallic glasses. J. Mater. Res. 20(10), 2647 (2005).
20.Tam, C.Y., Shek, C.H., and Wang, W.H.: Oxidation behaviour of a Cu-Zr-Al bulk metallic glass. Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci. 18, 107 (2008).
21.Kai, W., Ho, T.H., Hsieh, H.H., Chen, Y.R., Qiao, D.C., Jiang, F., Fan, G., and Liaw, P.K.: Oxidation behavior of CuZr-based glassy alloys at 400 °C to 500 °C in dry air. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 39A, 1838 (2008).
22.Liu, L. and Chan, K.C.: Oxidation of Zr55Cu30Al10Ni5 bulk metallic glass in the glassy state and the supercooled liquid state. Appl. Phys. A 80, 1737 (2005).
23.Sun, X., Schneider, S., Geyer, U., Johnson, W.L., and Nicolet, M.A.: Oxidation and crystallization of an amorphous Zr60Al15Ni25 alloy. J. Mater. Res. 11(11), 2738 (1996).
24.Zhang, Q., Zhang, W., Xie, G., and Inoue, A.: Glass-forming ability and mechanical properties of the ternary Cu–Zr–Al and quaternary Cu–Zr–Al–Ag bulk metallic glasses. Mater. Trans. 48(7), 1626 (2007).
25.Pauly, S., Das, J., Mattern, N., Kim, D.H., and Eckert, J.: Phase formation and thermal stability in Cu–Zr–Ti(Al) metallic glasses. Intermetallics 17, 453 (2009).
26.Sun, Y.F., Wei, B.C., Wang, Y.R., Li, W.H., Cheung, T.L., and Shek, C.H.: Plasticity-improved Zr–Cu–Al bulk metallic glass matrix composites containing martensite phase. Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051905 (2005).
27.Ho, S.M.: On the structural chemistry of zirconium oxide. Mater. Sci. Eng. 54, 23 (1982).
28.Lu, X., Liang, K., Gu, S., Zheng, Y., and Fang, H.: Effect of oxygen vacancies on transformation of zirconia at low temperatures. J. Mater. Sci. 32, 6653 (1997).
29.Shukla, S. and Seal, S.: Mechanisms of room temperature metastable tetragonal phase stabilisation in zirconia. Int. Mater. Rev. 50(1), 1 (2005).
30.Ganduglia-Pirovano, M.V., Hofmann, A., and Sauer, J.: Oxygen vacancies in transition metal and rare earth oxides: Current state of understanding and remaining challenges. Surf. Sci. Rep. 62, 219 (2007).
31.Khan, M.S., Islam, M.S., and Bates, D.R.: Cation doping and oxygen diffusion in zirconia: A combined atomistic simulation and molecular dynamics study. J. Mater. Chem. 8(10), 2299 (1998).
32.Arhammar, C., Araujo, C.M., and Ahuja, R.: Energetics of Al doping and intrinsic defects in monoclinic and cubic zirconia: First-principles calculations. Phys. Rev. B 80, 115208 (2009).
33.Levin, E.M., Robbins, C.R., and McMurdie, H.F.: Phase diagrams for ceramists, 1969 Supplement (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1969).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed