Abbot, C. 1990. Sugar. London: Routledge.
Church, A., Groom, G. & Thomson, D.. 2008. ‘small-scale cane grower development models: some lessons from Sub-Saharan Africa', South African Sugar Technologists Association 81: 116–27.
Coase, R. 1937. ‘The nature of the firm’, Economica 4, 16: 386–405.
Commons, J. 1951. The Economics of Collective Action. New York, NY: Macmillan.
Dorward, A., Kydd, J., Morrison, J. & Poulton, C.. 2005. ‘institutions, markets and economic development: linking development policy to theory and praxis’, Development and Change 36, 1: 1–25.
Edquist, C. & Johnson, B.. 1997. ‘Institutions and organizations in systems of innovation’, in Edquist, C., ed. Systems of Innovations: technologies, institutions, and organizations. London: Pinter, 41–63.
Granovetter, M. 1985. ‘Economic action and social structure: the problem of embeddedness’, American Journal of Sociology 91, 3: 481–510.
Hagelberg, G. & Hannah, A.. 1994. ‘The quest for order: a review of international sugar agreements’, Food Policy 19, 1: 17–29.
Hodgson, G. 1988. Economics and Institutions: a manifesto for a modern institutional economics. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Hodgson, G. 2006. ‘What are institutions?’, Journal of Economic Issues XL, 1: 1–25.
International Sugar Organization. 2008. Sugarcane Smallholders in Sub-Saharan Africa: status, challenges, and strategies for development, MECAS (08)05.
Mackintosh, M. 1990. ‘Abstract markets and real needs', in Bernstein, H., Crow, B., Mackintosh, M. & Martin, C., eds. The Food Question: profits versus people? London: Earthscan, 43–53.
Mackintosh, M. 2001. ‘Contracts, information and firms behavior’, in Himmelweit, S., Simonetti, R. & Trigg, A., eds. Microeconomics: neoclassical and institutionalist perspectives on economic behavior. London: Thomson Learning, 227–47.
Ménard, C. 2004. ‘The economics of hybrid organizations’ Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 160: 345–76.
Milgrom, P. and Roberts, J.. 1992. Economics, Organizations and Management. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Polanyi, K. 1957. The Great Transformation: the political and economic origins of our time. Boston, MA: Beacon.
Poulton, C., Dorward, A. and Kydd, J.. 2010. ‘the future of small farms: new directions for services, institutions, and intermediation’, World Development 38(10): 1413–28.
Robinson, J. 1950. Economics of Imperfect Competition. London: Macmillan.
Rodrik, D. 2007. One Economics, Many Recipes: globalization, institutions, and economic growth. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Rondot, P. and Collion, M.. 2001. Agricultural Producer Organizations: their contribution to rural capacity building and poverty reduction. Report of a Workshop, Washington, DC, June 28–30, 1999.
Ton, G. and Bijman, J.. 2006. The role of producer organizations in the process of developing an integrated supply chain: experiences from Quinoa chain development in Bolivia. Paper presented at the 7th International Conference on Management in AgriFood Chains and Networks, Ede, 31 May–6 June.
United Republic of Tanzania. 2001. The Sugar Industry Act No. 26 of 2001, Dar es Salaam.
Veblen, T. 1934. The Theory of Leisure: an economic study of institutions. New York, NY: Modern Library.
Webber, M. and Labatse, P.. 2010. ‘Horizontal collaboration – creating and taking advantage of economies of scale’, in Webber, M. & Labatse, P., eds. Building Competitiveness in Africa's Agriculture: a guide to value chain concepts and applications. Washington, DC: The World Bank, 95–6.
World Development Movement. 1980. Sugar: crisis in the third world. London: World Development Movement and Birmingham: Third World Publications.
Williamson, O.E. 1985. The Economic Institutions of Capitalism: firms, markets, relational contracting. New York, NY: The Free Press.