Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The first mastotermitid termite from Africa (Isoptera: Mastotermitidae): a new species of Mastotermes from the early Miocene of Ethiopia

  • Michael S. Engel (a1) (a2), Ellen D. Currano (a3) (a4) and Bonnie F. Jacobs (a5)
Abstract

The first mastotermitid termite from Africa is described and figured from wing fragments recovered from the early Miocene (22–21 Ma) deposits of the Mush Valley, Amhara Region, central Ethiopia. Mastotermes aethiopicus new species is the second fossil termite recorded from Africa and expands the known paleo-distribution of the genus from tropical North America and Europe into northeastern Africa during the Miocene. Mastotermes aethiopicus is distinguished from the living M. darwiniensis Froggatt and other Neogene species of the genus, and comments are provided regarding the occurrence of this genus in the tropical fauna of Miocene Ethiopia.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Barrett, J.H., 1965, The occurrence of termites in the New Guinea highlands: Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal, v. 17, p. 9598. +1 pl.
Calaby, J.H., and Gay, F.J., 1959, Aspects of the distribution and ecology of Australian termites, in Keast, A., Crocker, R.L., and Christian, C.S., eds., Biogeography and Ecology in Australia [Series Monographiae Biologicae 8], The Hague, The Netherlands, Junk, p. 211223.
Desneux, J., 1904, A propos de la phylogénie des Termitides: Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, v. 48, p. 278286.
Emerson, A.E., 1965, A review of the Mastotermitidae (Isoptera), including a new fossil genus from Brazil: American Museum Novitates, v. 2236, p. 146.
Engel, M.S., 2008, Two new termites in Baltic amber (Isoptera): Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, v. 81, p. 194203.
Engel, M.S., and Delclòs, X., 2010, Primitive termites in Cretaceous amber from Spain and Canada (Isoptera): Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, v. 83, p. 111128.
Engel, M.S., and Gross, M., 2009, A giant termite from the late Miocene of Styria, Austria (Isoptera): Naturwissenschaften, v. 96, p. 289295.
Engel, M.S., Grimaldi, D.A., and Krishna, K., 2007a, A synopsis of Baltic amber termites (Isoptera): Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie), v. 372, p. 120.
Engel, M.S., Grimaldi, D.A., and Krishna, K., 2007b, Primitive termites from the Early Cretaceous of Asia (Isoptera): Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie), v. 371, p. 132.
Engel, M.S., Grimaldi, D.A., and Krishna, K., 2009, Termites (Isoptera): their phylogeny, classification, and rise to ecological dominance: American Museum Novitates, v. 3650, p. 127.
Engel, M.S., Grimaldi, D.A., Nascimbene, P.C., and Singh, H., 2011a, The termites of early Eocene Cambay amber, with the earliest record of the Termitidae (Isoptera): ZooKeys, v. 148, p. 105123.
Engel, M.S., Nel, A., Azar, D., Soriano, C., Tafforeau, P., Néraudeau, D., Colin, J.-P., and Perrichot, V., 2011b, New, primitive termites (Isoptera) from Early Cretaceous ambers of France and Lebanon: Palaeodiversity, v. 4, p. 3949.
Engel, M.S., Pan, A.D., and Jacobs, B.F., 2013, A termite from the late Oligocene of northern Ethiopia: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 58, p. 331334.
Evans, T.A., Forschler, B.T., and Grace, J.K., 2013, Biology of invasive termites: a worldwide review: Annual Review of Entomology, v. 58, p. 455474.
Froggatt, W.W., 1897, Australian Termitidae, Part II: Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, v. 21, p. 510552.
Gay, F.J., 1967, A world review of introduced species of termites: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Bulletin, v. 286, p. 188.
Gay, F.J., and Calaby, J.H., 1970, Termites of the Australian region, in Krishna, K., and Weesner, F.M., eds., Biology of Termites [v. 2], New York, Academic Press, p. 393448.
Gray, B., 1968, Forest tree and timber insect pests in the territory of Papua and New Guinea: Pacific Insects, v. 10, p. 301323.
Grimaldi, D., and Engel, M.S., 2005, Evolution of the Insects, Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Press, xv+755 p.
Heer, O., 1849, Die Insektenfauna der Tertiärgebilde von Oeningen und von Radoboj in Croatien. Zweiter Theil, p. Heuschrecken, Florfliegen, Aderflügler, Schmetterlinge und Fliegen, Leipzig, Germany, Engelmann, iv+264 p.
Hill, G.F., 1921, The white ant pest in northern Australia: Commonwealth of Australia Institute of Science and Industry Bulletin, v. 21, p. 126.
Hill, G.F., 1942, Termites (Isoptera) from the Australian region (including Australia, New Guinea and islands south of the equator between 140º E. longitude and 170º W. longitude): Melbourne, Australia, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, 479 p., +24 pls.
Hollande, A.C., and Favre, R., 1931, La structure cytologique de Blattabacterium cuenoti (Mercier) n.g., symbiote du tissue adipeaux de Blattides: Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie, v. 107, p. 752754.
Jarzembowski, E.A., 1981, An Early Cretaceous termite from southern England (Isoptera: Hodotermitidae): Systematic Entomology, v. 6, p. 9196.
Kieffer, B., Arndt, N., Lapierre, H., Bastien, F., Bosch, D., Pecher, A., Yirgu, E., Ayalew, D., Weis, D., Jerram, D.A., Keller, F., and Meugniot, C., 2004, Flood and shield basalts from Ethiopia, p. Magmas from the African superswell: Journal of Petrology, v. 45, p. 793834.
Krishna, K., and Emerson, A.E., 1983, A new fossil species of termite from Mexican amber, Mastotermes electromexicus (Isoptera, Mastotermitidae): American Museum Novitates, v. 2767, p. 18.
Krishna, K., and Grimaldi, D., 1991, A new fossil species from Dominican amber of the living Australian termite genus Mastotermes (Isoptera: Mastotermitidae): American Museum Novitates, v. 3021, p. 110.
Krishna, K., Grimaldi, D.A., Krishna, V., and Engel, M.S., 2013, Treatise on the Isoptera of the world: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 377, p. 12704.
Miller, L.R., 1986, A note on the biology and distribution of Mastotermes darwiniensis Froggatt: Northern Territory Naturalist, v. 9, p. 1417.
Nel, A., 1986, Sur trois espèces nouvelles de termites fossiles du Stampien d’Aix-en-Provence (Bouches-du-Rhône) (Dictyoptera, Hodotermitidae, Mastotermitidae): Entomologiste, v. 42, p. 271278.
Nel, A., and Bourguet, E., 2006, Termite [sic] of the early Eocene amber of France (Isoptera, p. Mastotermitidae, Kalotermitidae): Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, v. 2006, p. 101115.
Nel, A., and Paicheler, J.-C., 1993, Les Isoptera fossils. État actuel des connaissances, implications paléoécologiques et paléoclimatologiques [Insecta, Dictyoptera]: Cahiers de Paléontologie, v. 1993, p. 103179.
Pan, A.D., Currano, E.D., Jacobs, B.F., Feseha, M., Tabor, N., and Herendeen, P.S., 2012, Fossil Newtonia (Fabaceae: Mimoseae) seeds from the early Miocene (22–21 Ma) Mush Valley in Ethiopia: International Journal of Plant Sciences, v. 173, p. 290296.
Pan, A.D., Jacobs, B.F., and Currano, E.D., 2014, Dioscoreaceae fossils from the late Oligocene and early Miocene of Ethiopia: Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 175, p. 1728.
Peterson, A.T., Soberón, J., and Sánchez-Cordero, V., 1999, Conservatism of ecological niches in evolutionary time: Science, v. 285(5431), p. 12651267.
Pongrácz, A., 1928, Die fossilen Insekten von Ungarn, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Entwicklung der europäischen Insekten-Fauna: Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, v. 25, p. 91194.
Riek, E.F., 1952, Fossil insects from the Tertiary sediments at Dinmore, Queensland: University of Queensland Papers, Department of Geology, v. 4, p. 1522.
RosenK., von K., von, 1913, Die fossilen Termiten: Eine kurze Zusammenfassung der bis jetzt bekannten Funde: Transactions of the Second International Congress of Entomology, Oxford, v. 1912, p. 318335, +6 pls.
Schlüter, T., 1989, Neue Daten über harzkonservierte Arthropoden aus dem Cenomanium NW-Frankreichs: Documenta Naturae, München, v. 56, p. 5970, +6 pls.
Wappler, T., and Engel, M.S., 2006, A new record of Mastotermes from the Eocene of Germany (Isoptera: Mastotermitidae): Journal of Paleontology, v. 80, p. 380385.
Ware, J.L., Grimaldi, D.A., and Engel, M.S., 2010, The effects of fossil placement and calibration on divergence time and rates: an example from the termites (Insecta: Isoptera): Arthropod Structure and Development, v. 39, p. 204219.
Watson, J.A.L., Miller, L.R., and Abbey, H.M., 1998, Isoptera, in Houston, W.W.K., and Wells, A., eds., Zoological Catalogue of Australia: v. 23: Archaeognatha, Zygentoma, Blattodea, Isoptera, Mantodea, Dermaptera, Phasmatodea, Embioptera, Zoraptera, Melbourne, Australia, CSIRO Publishing, p. 163250.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Paleontology
  • ISSN: 0022-3360
  • EISSN: 1937-2337
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-paleontology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed