Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Late Campanian–Maastrichtian Ammonite Fauna from Seymour Island (Antarctic Peninsula)

  • Carlos E. Macellari (a1)

Abstract

One of the richest and best preserved late Campanian-Maastrichtian ammonite faunas of the world occurs within the Lopez de Bertodano Formation on Seymour Island. The excellent exposure of this sequence has offered an opportunity for detailed stratigraphic study of the fauna, providing a stratigraphic control unavailable for most other Southern Hemisphere strata of similar age.

Ammonites are restricted to the Cretaceous portion of the Lopez de Bertodano Formation, becoming more abundant and increasing in diversity within a 600-m interval below the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. The ammonite-rich levels are divided into three zones (from oldest to youngest: Pachydiscus ootacodensis, P. riccardi and P. ultimus zones), extending from the late Campanian-Maastrichtian to the latest Maastrichtian.

The taxonomic study of this fauna shows a predominance of endemic taxa of the family Kossmaticeratidae, including the species Maorites tuberculatus Howarth, M. seymourianus (Kilian and Reboul), M. densicostatus (Kilian and Reboul), M. weddelliensis n. sp., Grossouvrites gemmatus (Huppe) and Gunnarites bhavaniformis (Kilian and Reboul). These taxa, together with the members of the family Desmoceratidae Kitchinites (Kitchinites) darwini (Steinmann) and K. (K.) laurae n. sp., are mostly restricted to the margins of the Late Cretaceous Weddellian Province that extended from southern South America to Australia.

Cosmopolitan genera described in this work become more abundant up section and include the species Anagaudryceras seymouriense n. sp., Zelandites varuna (Forbes), Pseudophyllites loryi (Kilian and Reboul), Diplomoceras lambi Spath, Pachydiscus (Pachydiscus) ootacodensis (Stoliczka), P. (P.) riccardi n. sp. and P. (P.) ultimus n. sp.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Anderson, F. M. 1958. Upper Cretaceous of the Pacific Coast. Geological Society of America, Memoir, 71, 378 p.
Andersson, G. L. 1906. On the geology of Graham Land. Geological Institute, University of Upsala, Bulletin, 7:1971.
Besairie, H. and Collignon, M. 1959. Le Système Cretacé à Madagascar, p. 135198. In El Sistema Cretácico: Un Symposium Sobre al Cretácico en el Hemisferio Occidental y Su Correlación Mundial. Congreso Geológico Internacional XX Sesion, II.
Bibby, J. S. 1966. The stratigraphy of part of north-east Graham Land and the James Ross Island Group. British Antarctic Survey, Scientific Report, 53:137.
Birkelund, T. 1965. Ammonites from the Upper Cretaceous of West Greenland. Meddelelser om Gr⊘nland, 179(7):1192.
Birkelund, T. 1979. The last Maastrichtian ammonites, p. 5157. In Birkelund, T. and Bromley, R. G. (eds.), Cretaceous–Tertiary Boundary Events. University of Copenhagen.
Brunnschweiler, R. O. 1966. Upper Cretaceous Ammonites from the Carnarvon Basin of Western Australia. I: The Heteromorph Lytoceratina. Bulletin Australian Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology, Geophysics, 58:158.
Busulini, A. et al. 1984. Nouvelles Données sur le Cretacé Supérieur de la Sardaigne Orientale. Cretaceous Research, 5:243258.
Cecioni, G. 1955. Distribuzione verticale de alcune Kossmaticeratidae nella Patagonia Cilena. Societá Geologica Italiana, Boletin, 74:141149.
Collignon, M. 1938. Ammonites Campaniennes et Maëstrichtiennes de l'Ouest et du Sud de Madagascar. Service des Mines de Madagascar, Annales Géologiques, 9:55118.
Collignon, M. 1951. Faune Maëstrichtienne de la Cote d'Ambatry (Province de Betioky) Madagascar. Madagascar Service des Mines: Annales Géologiques, 19:4569.
Collignon, M. 1955. Ammonites néocrétacées de Menabe (Madagascar). III. Les Kossmaticeratidae. Madagascar Service des Mines, Annales Géologiques, 22:154.
Collignon, M. 1956. Ammonites néocrétacées du Menabe (Madagascar). IV. Les Phylloceratidae. V, Les Gaudryceratidae. VI, Les Tetragonitidae. Madagascar Service des Mines, Annales Géologiques, 23:1107.
Collignon, M. 1971. Atlas des fossiles caractéristiques de Madagascar (ammonites). Fasicule XVII Maëstrichtien. Republic Malgache, Service Géologique, Tananarive, 64 p.
Collignon, M. 1977. Ammonites néocrétacées de la Nouvelle Calédonie. Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, Bulletin, Section 2, 4(1):736.
De Grossouvre, A. 1893–1894. Recherches sur La Craie Supérieure. Deuxième Partie. Paléontologie. Les ammonites de la Craie Supérieure. Carte Géologique Detaille de la France. Mémoire, 264.
Del Valle, R. and Fourcade, N. H. 1976. Algunos fósiles cretácicos del Cabo Hamilton, Isla James Ross, Antártica. Contribuciones Instituto Antártico Argentino, 198:127.
Del Valle, R. and Medina, F. A. 1982. The stratigraphy of Cape Lamb and The Naze, Vega and James Ross Islands, Antarctica, p. 275280. In Craddock, C. (ed.), Antarctic Geoscience. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.
Del Valle, R. and Rinaldi, C. A. 1976. Sobre la presencia de Kitchinites darwini (Steinmann) en el Cretácico Superior de la Isla Vicecomodoro Marambio, Antártida. Contribuciones Instituto Antártico Argentino, 195:133.
Del Valle, R. and Rinaldi, C. A. 1975. Sobre la presencia de Diplomoceras lambi Spath en la Isla Vicecomodoro Marambio, Antártida. Contribuciones Instituto Antártico Argentino, 191:139.
Elliot, D. H. and Trautman, T. A. 1982. Lower Tertiary strata on Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula, p. 287297. In Craddock, C. (ed.), Antarctic Geoscience. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.
Forbes, E. 1846. Report on the fossil invertebrata from Southern India, collected by Mr. Kaye and Mr. Cunliffe. Transactions of the Geological Society, London, (2)7:97174.
Hall, S. A. 1977. Cretaceous and Tertiary dinoflagellates from Seymour Island, Antarctica. Nature, 267:239241.
Henderson, R. A. 1970. Ammonoidea from the Mata Series (Santonian-Maastrichtian) of New Zealand. Special Paper in Palaeontology, 6:182.
Henderson, R. A. and McNamara, K. J. 1985. Maastrichtian non-heteromorph ammonites from the Miria Formation, Western Australia. Palaeontology, 28(1):3588.
Hirano, H. 1978. Phenotypic substitution of Gaudryceras (a Cretaceous ammonite). Transactions and Proceedings of the Palaeontological Society of Japan, new series, 109:235258.
Howarth, M. D. 1958. Upper Jurassic and Cretaceous ammonite faunas of Alexander Land and Graham Land. Falkland Island Dependencies Survey, Scientific Report, 21:116.
Howarth, M. D. 1965. Cretaceous ammonites and nautiloids from Angola. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology, 10:335412.
Howarth, M. D. 1966. Ammonites from the Upper Cretaceous of the James Ross Island Group. Bulletin, British Antarctic Survey, 10:5569.
Huber, B. T. 1984. Late Cretaceous foraminiferal biostratigraphy, paleoecology, and paleobiogeography of the James Ross Island Region, Antarctic Peninsula. Unpublished M. Sc. thesis, The Ohio State University, 246 p.
Huber, B. T., Harwood, D. M. and Webb, P. N. 1983. Upper Cretaceous microfossil biostratigraphy of Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., Annual Review, 18(5):7274.
Hünicken, M. 1965. Algunos Cefalópodos Supracretácicos de Río Turbio (Santa Cruz). Revista Facultad Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, 26(1-2):4999.
Huppe, L. H. 1854. In Gay, Fauna Chilena. Historia Física y Política de Chile, Zoología, 8:754.
Jones, D. L. 1963. Upper Cretaceous (Campanian and Maestrichtian) ammonites from southern Alaska. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 432:153.
Kennedy, W. J. and Cobban, W. A. 1976. Aspects of ammonite biology, biogeography and biostratigraphy. Special Paper in Palaeontology, 17:194.
Kennedy, W. J. and Klinger, H. C. 1979. Cretaceous faunas from Zululand and Natal, South Africa. The ammonite family Gaudryceratidae. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology, 31(2):121174.
Kilian, W. and Reboul, P. 1909. Les Céphalopodes néocrétacées des Îies Seymour et Snow Hill. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Südpolar-Expedition 1901–1903, Stockholm, 3(6):175.
Kossmat, F. 1895-1898. Untersuchungen über die Kreideformation. Beiträge zur Paläontologie und Geologie Oesterreich-Ungarns, 9:97203; 11:1–46, 89–152.
Lahsen, A. and Charrier, R. 1972. Late Cretaceous ammonites from Seno Sky ring-Strait of Magellan area, Magallanes Province, Chile. Journal of Paleontology, 46(4):520532.
Leanza, A. F. 1964. Los estratos con “Baculites” de Elcaín (Río Negro, Argentina) y sus relaciones con otros terrenos supracretácicos argentinos. Revista Facultad Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, 25(3–4):93107.
Macellari, C. E. 1984a. Revision of serpulids of the genus Rotularia (Annelida) at Seymour Island (Antarctic Peninsula) and their value in stratigraphy. Journal of Paleontology, 58(4):10981116.
Macellari, C. E. 1984b. Late Cretaceous stratigraphy, sedimentology, and macropaleontology of Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, The Ohio State University, 599 p.
Macellari, C. E. 1985. Paleobiogeografía y edad de la fauna de Maorites-Gunnarites (Ammonoidea) de la Antártida y Patagonia. Ameghiniana, 21(2–4):223242.
Macellari, C. E. and Huber, B. H. 1982. Cretaceous stratigraphy of Seymour Island, East Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., Annual Review, 17(5):6870.
Macellari, C. E. and Zinsmeister, W. J. 1983. Sedimentology and macropaleontology of the Upper Cretaceous to Paleocene sequence of Seymour Island. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., Annual Review, 18(5):6971.
Marshall, P. 1917. Geology of the central Kaipara. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute, 49:433450.
Marshall, P. 1926. The Upper Cretaceous ammonites of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 56:129210.
Matsumoto, T. 1938. Zelandites, a genus of Cretaceous ammonite. Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography, 15:137148.
Matsumoto, T. 1955. Family Kossmaticeratidae from Hokkaido and Saghalien. Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography, 26(1–2): 115164.
Matsumoto, T. 1959. Upper Cretaceous ammonites of California. Part 2. Memoirs of the Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Series D, Special Volume, 1:1172.
Matsumoto, T., Kanie, Y. and Yoshida, S. 1979. Notes on Pachydiscus from Hokkaido (Studies on the Cretaceous Ammonites from Hokkaido and Saghalien, XXXIX). Memoirs of the Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, series D, Geology, 24(2):4773.
Matsumoto, T. and Yoshida, S. 1979. A new gaudryceratid ammonite from eastern Hokkaido (Studies on the Cretaceous ammonites from Hokkaido and Saghalien, XXXVII). Transactions and Proceedings of the Palaeontological Society of Japan, new series, 114:6576.
Muller, J. E. and Jeletzky, J. A. 1970. Geology of the Upper Cretaceous Nanaimo Group, Vancouver Island and Gulf islands, British Columbia. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 69(25):177.
Olivero, E. B. 1975. Perfil Geológico, Descripción de la Fauna de Ammonites y Geomorfología del Extremo N.E. de la Isla Cerro Nevado, Grupo de Islas Ross, Sector Antartico Argentino. Unpublished thesis, Facultad Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 48 p.
Olivero, E. B. 1981. Esquema de zonación de ammonites del Cretácico Superior del grupo de islas James Ross, Antártida. VIII Congreso Geológico Argentino, San Luis, 2:897907.
Olivero, E. B. 1984. Nuevos ammonites Campanianos de la Isla James Ross, Antártida. Ameghiniana, 21(1):5384.
Palamarczuk, S. et al. 1984. Las Formaciones Lopez de Bertodano y Sobral en la Isla Vicecomodoro Marambio, Antártida. Actas IX Congreso Geológico Argentino, 1:399419.
Riccardi, A. C. 1981. Nuevos ammonoideos del Cretácico superior de Antártida. Ameghiniana, 17(4):323333.
Riccardi, A. C. 1983. Kossmaticeratidae (Ammonitina) y nomenclatura estratigráfica del Cretácico tardío en Lago Argentino, Santa Cruz, Argentina. Ameghiniana, 20(3–4):317345.
Rinaldi, C. A. 1982. The Upper Cretaceous in the James Ross Island Group, p. 281286. In Craddock, C. (ed.), Antarctic Geoscience. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.
Rinaldi, C. A. et al. 1978. Geología de la Isla Vicecomodoro Marambio. Contribuciones Instituto Antartico Argentino, 217:137.
Sastry, M. V. A., Rao, B. R. J. and Mamgain, V. D. 1968. Biostratigraphic zonation of the Upper Cretaceous Formation of Trichinopoly District, Southern India. Memoir Geological Society of India, 2:1017.
Schlüter, C. 1872. Die Cephalopoden der oberen deutschen Kreide, I. Palaeontographica, 21:1120.
Shimizu, S. 1934. Ammonites. In Shimizu, S. and Obata, T., Cephalopoda (Iwanami's Lecture Series of Geology and Paleontology). Tokyo, 137 p. [in Japanese].
Spath, L. F. 1922. On the Senonian ammonite fauna of Pondoland. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 10:113147.
Spath, L. F. 1953. The Upper Cretaceous cephalopod fauna of Graham Land. Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey, Scientific Report, 3:160.
Steinmann, G. 1895. Die Cephalopoden der Quiriquina-Schisten. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 10:6494.
Stoliczka, F. 1865. The fossil Cephalopoda of the Cretaceous rocks of southern India. Vol. 3. Ammonitidae. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, Palaeontologia Indica, 6-9:107154.
Trautman, T. A. 1976. Stratigraphy and petrology of Tertiary clastic sediments, Seymour Island. Unpublished M. Sc. thesis, The Ohio State University, 170 p.
Usher, J. L. 1952. Ammonite faunas of the Upper Cretaceous rocks of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Canada, 21:1182.
Ward, P. 1977. Revisions to the stratigraphy and biochronology of the Upper Cretaceous Nanaimo Group, British Columbia and Washington State. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 15:405421.
Ward, P. and Wiedmann, J. 1983. The Maastrichtian ammonite succession at Zumaya, Spain, p. 205207. In Birkelund, T. et al. (eds.), Abstracts of the Symposium on Cretaceous Stage Boundaries, Copenhagen.
Weller, S. 1903. The Stokes collection of Antarctic fossils. Journal of Geology, 11(4):413419.
Wetzel, W. 1930. Die Quiriquina-Schichten als Sediment und Palaontologisches Archiv. Palaeontographica, 73:49106.
White, C. A. 1890. On certain Mesozoic fossils from the islands of St. Paul's and St. Peter's in the Straits of Magellan. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, 13:1314.
Whiteaves, J. F. 1903. On some additional fossils from the Vancouver Cretaceous, with a revised list of the species therefrom. Geological Survey of Canada, Mesozoic Fossils, 1(5):09409.
Wiedmann, J. 1969. The heteromorphs and ammonoid extinction. Biological Review, 44:563602.
Wilckens, O. 1910. Die Anneliden, Bivalven und Gastropoden der Antarktischen Kreideformation. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Südpolar-Expedition 1901–1903, Stockholm, 3(12):1132.
Wrenn, J. H. 1982. Dinocyst biostratigraphy of Seymour Island, Palmer Peninsula, Antarctica. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Geology, Louisiana State University, 467 p.
Wright, C. W. and Matsumoto, T. 1954. Some doubtful Cretaceous ammonite genera from Japan and Saghalien. Memoirs of the Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, series D, 4:107134.
Zinsmeister, W. J. 1982a. Review of the Upper Cretaceous-Lower Tertiary sequence on Seymour Island, Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 139(6):779786.
Zinsmeister, W. J. 1982b. Late Cretaceous-Early Tertiary molluscan biogeography of the southern Circum-Pacific. Journal of Paleontology, 56(1):84102.
Zittel, K. A. von. 1900. Text-book of Palaeontology. Macmillan & Co., Ltd., London and New York, 706 p.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed